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*Includes ethnicities where missing, Other, or Unknown. Data compiled by NYC Department of Health. *Includes ethnicities where missing, Other, or Unknown. Data compiled by NYC Department of Health. populations of fibroblasts cannot divide indefinitely a so-called species-specific growth crisis related to the rate of chromosomal alterations occurs when the number of generations reaches a critical threshold. The authors also note that within a species lower caloric intake and lower metabolic...

Endocrinology and Growth in Children and Adolescents

GAYA ARANOFF, MD* AND JENNIFER BELL, MD** *Associate Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY **Special Lecturer, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY Although multifactorial, the predominant factor underlying gender- or sex-specific events is the different hormonal milieus to which males and females are exposed. In this regard, pediatric endocrinology is concerned with the fetal determination and development of...

Section 11 Bone

Corticosteroid-Induced Osteoporosis Alexandra Papaioannou, Ann Cranney, and Jonathan D. Adachi 92. Anabolic Therapy of Osteoporosis Mishaela R. Rubin and John P. Bilezikian 93. Antiresorptive Therapies of Osteoporosis 94. The Role of Androgens and Estrogens Sundeep Khosla and John P. Bilezikian 95. The Clinical Application of Gender-Based Databases for the Diagnosis of Osteoporosis and Fracture Risk Prediction 1033 96. Animal Models for Gender-Based Dirk Vanderschueren, Katrien Venken, and...

The Role of Gender in Neonatology

ROSEN, MD* AND DAVID BATEMAN, MD** *Professor of Clinical Pediatrics Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, NY **Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics Neonatology, Director of Neonatology, Harlem Hospital, Columbia University, Evidence that differences between male and female infants in mortality, growth, and the susceptibility to specific diseases exist during the perinatal period (fetal and neonatal) has been bolstered by numerous embryologic,...

George M Lazarus Md Faap

Associate Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, NY Ask any 3-year-old, Are you a boy or a girl and you will get an unequivocal and correct answer. Six-year-old boys want to play with other boys and think that girls are yucky, while the girls want to play with other girls because the boys are too rough and wild. Teenagers are acutely aware of the differences between boys and girls and spend a good deal of time thinking about them. One thing all of our patients agree on...

Section 10 Infectious Disease

Gender and Bacterial Infections 901 Simon J. Tsiouris and Franklin D. Lowy 84. Gender-Specific Issues in Fungal Infections 910 Nigar Kirmani and William G. Powderly 85. Sex and Gender-Specific Issues in R. Scott McClelland and Robert W. Coombs 86. Gender-Specific Issues in the Metabolic Complications of HIV Disease Marisa Tungsiripat-Gerber and Judith A. Aberg 87. The Effect of Gender on the Epidemiology, Clinical Presentation, and Management 88. Gender-Specific Issues in Non-HIV Viral...

Contributors

Abdou, MD, PhD, Center of Rheumatic Diseases, Allergy-Immunology, Kansas City, MO Kathryn M. Abel, MA, MBBS, MRCP, MRC, Psych PhD, Senior Lecturer, Consultant Psychiatrist and Lead Researcher, Centre for Women's Mental Health Research, Manchester University, UK Judith A. Aberg, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Principal Investigator AIDS Clinical Trials Unit, New York, NY Diann M. Ackard, PhD, Private Practice, Golden Valley, MN Jonathan D. Adachi, MD, FRCP C , Professor,...