Gynecological Causes of Acute Abdominal Pain

Adnexal Mass

The main gynecological conditions causing acute abdominal pain are functional ovarian cysts, ovarian torsion, and hydrometrocolpos. Transabdominal US will commonly show the lesion. Transvaginal US should not be routinely done as a primary investigation in adolescent girls, but may supplement the abdominal examination in sexually active patients. Ovarian cysts usually result from failure of involution during the normal menstrual cycle. They may cause acute lower abdominal or pelvic pain in...

Scrotum Air Inflation

Small Bowel Loops

Ileal atresia is an important cause for low intestinal obstruction. It represents approximately 50 of small bowel atresias and the etiology is similar to that of jejunal atresia. As jejunal atresias, they are believed to result from an intrauterine vascular injury. Approximately 25 have a history of polyhydramnios Sweeney et al. 2001 . Plain film shows numerous dilated loops of bowel occupying the entire abdominal cavity, including the pelvic portion, and multiple air-fluid levels in upright...

Distinction In Stomach

Dilated Bowel Infant

Low intestinal obstruction is defined as one occurring in the distal ileum or colon. The symptoms are vomiting, abdominal distension, and failure to pass meconium. For practical purposes, the differential diagnosis of low intestinal obstruction in the neonate consists of five conditions. Two conditions involve the distal ileum and include ileal atresia and meconium ileus, and three involve the colon, which are colonic atre-sia, Hirschsprung's disease, and functional immaturity of the colon that...

Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Necrotizing Enterocolitis Xray

Necrotizing enterocolitis NEC is the leading gastrointestinal emergency of the premature infant. In many cases, it happens in apparently healthy premature infants who have no other medical problems. Although it affects mostly premature infants, 10 of affected infants are born at term. Its incidence varies between 0.3 and 2.4 infants 1000 births and between 3.9 and 22.4 amongst infants of less than 1500 g. Males and females are equally affected. Most infants develop NEC within the first 2 weeks...