Biofeedback Mastery

Biofeedback Mastery

Have you ever wondered what Biofeedback is all about? Uncover these unique information on Biofeedback! Are you in constant pain? Do you wish you could ever just find some relief? If so, you are not alone. Relieving chronic pain can be difficult and frustrating.

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Christa Neuper1 and Wolfgang Klimesch2

This book is a summary of the most current research, methods, and applications of the study of event-related dynamics of brain oscillations. Facing the rapid progress in this field, it brings together, on the one side, fundamental questions of the underlying events, which still remain to be clarified and, on the other, some of the most significant novel findings, which point to the key topics for future research. In particular, the chapters of this volume cover the neurophysiolog-ical fundamentals and models (Section I), new methodological approaches (Section II), current ERD research related to cognitive (Section III) and sensorimotor brain function (Section IV), invasive approaches and clinical applications (Section V), and novel developments of EEG-based brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback (Section VI).

Sources for Further Study

Davis, Martha, Elizabeth Eshelman, and Matthew McKay. The Relaxation and Stress Reduction Workbook. 5th ed. Oakland, Calif. New Harbinger, 2000. An overview of techniques used to reduce stress. Sections include body awareness, progressive relaxation, visualization, biofeedback, coping skills training, job stress management, and assertiveness training.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapies for PTSD

Biofeedback Breath Control and Retraining, Biofeedback, and Relaxation Training Diaphragmatic breathing is sometimes taught as a means for patients to calm themselves down and maintain relaxation during exposure and desensitization procedures. Therapists train patients and encourage them to use this out of session as a means to manage their anxiety. Homework as practice is assigned, to be practiced several times a day. Biofeedback and relaxation training can also be utilized to help patients develop stress- and arousal-control skills in the face of trauma stimuli and everyday stressors as well. The focus of these techniques is the control of physiological arousal. Deep muscle relaxation, a technique used to relax all the major muscle groups, is also employed. As PTSD-specific treatments, Rothbaum et al. (2000a, b) indicate that these techniques have not been found to be effective in and of themselves. These treatments can be used as adjuncts, however.

Importance to Psychology of Consciousness

As a naturally induced alteration in consciousness that can be studied objectively with electrophysiological recording equipment, sleep has assumed a prominent role in the psychology of consciousness. Electrophysiological recording techniques that were originally developed in sleep research are now widely used to study other aspects of consciousness, such as hemispheric asymmetries, meditation, sensory isolation, biofeedback, dreams, and drug effects on the brain and behavior. In addition, sleep is one of the few alterations in consciousness that plays a central role in several areas ofpsycholog-ical inquiry. For example, physiological psychologists are concerned with the neurobiological mechanisms underlying sleep, as well as the functions of sleep. From their perspective, sleep is simply one of many human behaviors and cognitive processes whose biological basis must be ascertained. Developmental psychologists are interested in age-related changes that occur in sleep and attempt to...

Behavioral modification and pelvic floor exercise

Mechanism to inhibit an impending or beginning bladder contraction. A properly timed pelvic floor exercise (voluntary contraction of the striated muscle of the pelvic floor) can increase outlet resistance instantaneously to prevent the flow of urine through the urethra. Female patients with stress incontinence can be instructed to volitionally contract their pelvic floor during those physical activities that result in UI, such as coughing, sneezing or rising to a standing position.53 It is unclear whether this is useful in men with PPI. Often patients are initially unable to 'find' and voluntarily contract their pelvic floor muscles effectively. This may be especially true in the postoperative patient. Biofeedback and or electrical stimulation may be quite beneficial as adjunctive measures in enabling patients to locate and utilize their pelvic floor muscles in an effective manner.

Management

Psychosomatic management in dermatoses requires a perspective beyond the skin and its lesions. This means a more holistic perspective, with the use of anamnestic techniques and an adaptation of the physician patient relationship. Many psychotherapeutic approaches, ranging from orthodox psychoanalysis to cognitive-behavioural therapy, biofeedback, behavioural conditioning and insight-orientated psychotherapy, have been employed in the treatment of dermatological disorders but the assessment of these psychological techniques in general has been inadequate (Van Moffaert, 1992). However, the incorporation of psychotherapeutic techniques into the domain of dermatology do generally improve patients' quality of life and at the least, do no harm. One of the principal problems with non-pharmacological treatments is that they lack the inherent appeal of drug studies to a scientific community. Drug studies allow the elucidation of chemical structures, physiological and biochemical processes, and...

Behaviour therapy

Behaviour therapy incorporates applications derived from learning theory (classical and operant conditioning) and employs them to the treatment of persistent, maladaptive, learned habits. Among behaviour therapy techniques are systematic desensitisation, assertiveness and social skills training, behaviour analysis, relaxation training (e.g. autogenic and progressive muscle relaxation, biofeedback) habit-reversal training and imagery. The aim of these techniques is to progressively diminish maladaptive behavioural responses by repeatedly inhibiting the anxiety by means of competing responses (Wolpe, 1980). A behaviour analysis is conducted where the clinician collects information about the relationship between stimuli and behavioural responses in order to understand the role of anxiety.