□ Most cardiac arrests are avoidable if recognised and treated early.
□ Most cardiac arrests are associated with ACS or related symptoms.
□ Treatment for ACS depends on the clinical history, presentation of symptoms, risk factors, ECG changes and cardiac enzyme increase.
□ Treatment of NSTEMI and STEMI needs to be rapid.
□ Recognising the acutely ill patient requires skill and knowledge of how to perform a systematic clinical assessment and identify priorities.
□ Assessment of patients whose condition is deteriorating must include Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability and Exposure.
□ Early warning systems, if appropriately used, can provide evidence of a deterioration in a patient's condition.
□ Healthcare professionals should be aware of local procedures for summoning expert assistance based on EWS scores.
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