Therapeutic hypothermia

Recently published research has confirmed that mild hypothermia in the 24 hours following an out-of-hospital VF arrest is beneficial to neurological function (Bernard et al. 2002). The study subjects who were cooled to 34°C had a significantly better neurological performance than those in the control group who were not cooled. This has led the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation to issue a statement that unconscious adult survivors of out-of-hospital VF arrest should be cooled to 32-34°C for 12-24 hours (Nolan et al. 2003). The statement also suggests that cooling may assist neurological recovery from arrests in hospital or from those with other presenting rhythms.

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