Consequences of Deficit and Excess Energy Intake

Deficit energy intake and negative energy balance can be acute or chronic 9 . Acute energy deficiency results in short-term negative energy balance during which there is a progressive loss of body weight. Chronic energy deficiency reflects long-term inadequate food intake during which a steady state is achieved at a suboptimal nutritional status. Energy deficit in children leads to growth retardation, loss of fat and muscle, delayed motor, cognitive and behavioral development, diminished...