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S'-NT

5'-nudeotidase

asx

AAA

abdominal aortic aneurysm

AT

AAD

antiarrhythmic drug

ATII

Ab

antibody

ATIII

ABE

acute bacterial endocarditis

ATN

ABG

arterial blood gas

ATRA

abnl

abnormal

AV

ABPA

allergic bronchopulmonary

AVA

aspergillosis

AVB

abx

antibiotics

AVNRT

AC

assist control

AVR

ACE

angiotensin converting

AVRT

enzyme

AZA

ACEI

ACE inhibitor

A'1

ACI

anemia of chronic

inflammation

b/c

ACL

anticardiolipin antibody

BAL

ACLS

advanced cardiac life support

(3B

ACS

acute coronary syndrome

BBB

ACTH

adrenocorticotrophic

BCx

hormone

BDZ

ADA

adenosine deaminase

bill.

ADH

antidiuretic hormone

BiPAP

ADL

activities of daily living

AF

atrial fibrillation

BM

AFB

acid-fast bacilli

BMI

AFL

atrial flutter

BNP

AFP

«-fetoprotein

BOOP

AFTP

ascites fluid total protein

AG

aminoglycoside

BP

anion gap

BPH

Ag

antigen

BRBPR

AGN

acute glomerulonephritis

BS

Al

aortic insufficiency

BT

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency

BUN

syndrome

bx

AIHA

autoimmune hemolytic

anemia

e

AIN

acute interstitial nephritis

d w

ALL

acute lymphocytic leukemia

ALS

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

CABG

ALT

alanine aminotransferase

AMA

anti-mitochondrial antibody

CAD

AMI

anterior myocardial infarction

CALLA

AML

acute myelogenous leukemia

CAPD

AMM/

agnogenic myeloid

MF

metaplasia/myelofibrosis

CBC

ANA

antinuclear antibody

CBD

ANCA

antineutrophilic cytoplasmic

CCB

antibody

CCI,

angio

angiogram

CCP

AoV

aortic valve

CCS

APC

activated protein C

APS

antiphospholipid antibody

CD

syndrome

CEA

ARB

angiotensin receptor blocker

ceph.

ARDS

acute respiratory distress

CF

syndrome

CFU

ARF

acute renal failure

CHB

ARVD

arrhythmogenic RV dysplasia

CHD

AS

aortic stenosis

CHF

ASA

aspirin

CI

ASD

atrial septal defect

CIARF

AST

aspartate aminotransferase

asymptomatic atrial tachycardia angiotensin II antithrombin III acute tubular necrosis all-trons-retinoic acid atrioventricular aortic valve area atrioventricular block AV nodal reentrant tachycardia aortic valve replacement AV reciprocating tachycardia azathioprine alkaline phosphatase because bronchoalveolar lavage beta-blocker bundle branch block blood culture benzodiazepines bilirubin bilevel positive airway pressure bone marrow body mass index B-type natriuretic peptide bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia blood pressure benign prostatic hypertrophy bright red blood per rectum breath sounds bleeding time blood urea nitrogen biopsy complement compared with consistent with coronary artery bypass grafting coronary artery disease common ALL antigen chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis complete blood count common bile duct calcium channel blocker carbon tetrachloride cyclic citrullinated peptide Canadian Cardiovascular

Society Crohn's disease carotid endarterectomy cephalosporin cystic fibrosis colony forming units complete heart block congenital heart disease congestive heart failure cardiac index contrast-induced acute renal failure

CKD

chronic kidney disease

DM1

diabetes mellitus type 1

CLL

chronic lymphocytic leukemia

DM2

diabetes mellitus type 2

CML

chronic myelogenous leukemia

DMARD

disease-modifying

CMML

chronic myelomonocytic

anti-rheumatic drug

leukemia

DOE

dyspnea on exertion

CMP

cardiomyopathy

DRE

digital rectal exam

CMV

cytomegalovirus

DSE

dobutamine stress echo

CO

carbon monoxide

DTRs

deep tendon reflexes

cardiac output

DU

duodenal ulcer

COP

cryptogenic organizing

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

pneumonitis

dx

diagnosis

COPD

chronic obstructive

pulmonary disease

EAD

extreme axis deviation

COX

cyclooxygenase

EAV

effective arterial volume

CP

chest pain

EBV

Epstein-Barr virus

CPAP

continuous positive airway

ECG

electrocardiogram

pressure

echo

echocardiogram

CPPD

calcium pyrophosphate

ECMO

extracorporeal membrane

dihydrate

oxygenation

Cr

creatinine

ED

emergency department

CRC

colorectal cancer

EDP

end-diastolic pressure

CrCI

creatinine clearance

EDV

end-diastolic volume

CRI

chronic renal insufficiency

EEG

electroencephalogram

CRT

cardiac ^synchronization

EF

ejection fraction

therapy

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

CsA

cydosporine A

EIA

enzyme-linked immunoassay

CSF

cerebrospinal fluid

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosor

CSM

carotid sinus massage

bent assay

CT

computed tomogram

EOM

extraocular muscles

CTA

CT angiogram

EP

electrophysiology

CTD

connective tissue disease

Epo

erythropoietin

CV

cardiovascular

EPS

electrophysiology study

CVA

cerebrovascular accident

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde

CVD

cerebrovascular disease

cholangiopancreatography

collagen vascular disease

ERV

expiratory reserve volume

CVP

central venous pressure

ESP

end-systolic pressure

CVVH

continuous veno-venous

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

hemofiltration

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

CW

chest wall

ESV

end-systolic volume

CXR

chest radiograph

ET

endotracheal tube

essential thrombocytosis

d

day

EtOH

alcohol

D

death

ETT

endotracheal tube

d/c

discharge

exercise tolerance test

discontinue

I A MS

change in mental status

FDP

fibrin degradation product

DA

dopamine

FEV,

forced expiratory volume in

DAT

direct antiglobulin test

1 second

DBP

diastolic blood pressure

FFP

fresh frozen plasma

DCIS

ductal carcinoma in situ

FHx

family history

DCMP

dilated cardiomyopathy

FMD

fibromuscular dysplasia

Ddx

differential diagnosis

FMF

familial Mediterranean fever

DFA

direct fluorescent antigen

FNA

fine needle aspiration

detection

FOBT

fecal occult blood testing

DI

diabetes insipidus

FQ

fluoroquinolone

DIC

disseminated intravascular

FRC

functional residual capacity

coagulation

FSGS

focal segmental

diff.

differential

glomerulosclerosis

DIP

desquamative interstitial

FSH

follicle stimulating hormone

pneumonitis

FTI

free thyroxine index

distal interphalangeal

FVC

forced vital capacity

DKA

diabetic ketoacidosis

DLco

diffusion capacity of the lung

G6PD

glucose-6-phosphate

DLE

drug induced lupus

dehydrogenase

DM

dermatomyositis

GBM

glomerular basement

diabetes mellitus

membrane

GBS

Guillain-Barré syndrome

IC

inspiratory capacity

GCA

giant cell arteritis

ICa

ionized calcium

G-CSF

granulocyte colony stimulating factor

ICD

implantable cardiac defibrillator

GE

gastroesophageal

ICH

intracranial hemorrhage

gen.

generation

ICP

intracranial pressure

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux

ICU

intensive care unit

disease

IDDM

insulin-dependent diabetes

GFR

glomerular filtration rate

mellitus

GGT

7-glutamyl transpeptidase

IE

infective endocarditis

GH

growth hormone

IGF

insulin-like growth factor

GIB

gastrointestinal bleed

IIP

idiopathic interstitial

GIST

gastrointestinal stromal tumor

pneumonia

glc

glucose

ILD

interstitial lung disease

GN

glomerulonephritis

IMI

inferior myocardial infarction

GNR

gram negative rods

infxn

infection

GnRH

gonadotropin releasing

INH

isoniazid

hormone

INR

international normalized ratio

GPC

gram positive cocci

IPF

idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

GPI

glycoprotein llb/llla inhibitor

ITP

idiopathic thrombocytopenic

GRA

glucocorticoid-remediable

purpura

aldosteronism

IVB

intravenous bolus

i

GU

gastric ulcer

IVC

inferior vena cava

GVHD

graft-versus-host disease

IVDA

intravenous drug abuser

IVF

intravenous fluids

h

hour

IVIg

intravenous immunoglobulin

h/o HA HAV

history of headache hepatitis A virus

JVD JVP

jugular venous distention jugular venous pulse

Hb

hemoglobin

LA

left atrium

HBIG

hepatitis B immune globulin

lupus anticoagulant

HBV

hepatitis B virus

LABA

long-acting f^-agonist

HCC

hepatocellular carcinoma

LAD

left anterior descending

HCMP

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

coronary artery

Hct

hematocrit

left axis deviation

HCV

hepatitis C virus

LAE

left atrial enlargement

HD

hemodialysis

LAN

lymphadenopathy

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

LAP

leukocyte alkaline phosphatase

HDV

hepatitis D virus

LAP

left atrial pressure

HELLP

hemolysis, abnormal LFTs,

LBBB

left bundle branch block

low platelets

LCIS

lobular carcinoma in srtu

HEV

hepatitis E virus

LCx

left circumflex coronary

HF

heart failure

artery

HGPRT

hypoxa n th i n e-gua n i n e

LDH

lactate dehydrogenase

phosphoribosyl transferase

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

HHS

hyperosmolar hyperglycemic

LE

lower extremity

state

LES

lower esophageal sphincter

HIT

heparin-induced

LFTs

liver function tests

thrombocytopenia

LGIB

lower gastrointestinal bleed

HK

hypokinesis

LH

luteinizing hormone

HL

Hodgkin s lymphoma

LLQ

left lower quadrant

HoTN

hypotension

LM

left main coronary artery

hpf

high power field

LMWH

low-molecular-weight heparin

HR

heart rate

LN

lymph node

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

LOC

loss of consciousness

HS

hereditary spherocytosis

LP

lumbar puncture

HSCT

hematopoietic stem cell

Ipf

low power field

transplantation

LQTS

long QT syndrome

HSM

hopatosplenomegaly

LUSB

left upper sternal border

HSP

Henoch-Schônlein purpura

LV

left ventricle

HSV

herpes simplex virus

LVAD

LV assist device

HTN

hypertension

LVEDP

LV end-diastolic pressure

HUS

hemolytic uremic syndrome

LVEDV LVH

LV end-diastolic volume left ventricular hypertrophy

IABP

intraaortic balloon pump

LVOT

left ventricular outflow tract

IBD

inflammatory bowel disease

LVSD

LV systolic dimension

MAC

mitral annular calcification

NTG

nitroglycerin

Mycobacterium avium complex

NVE

native valve endocarditis

MAHA

microangiopathic hemolytic

anemia

O/D

overdose

MAO

monoamine oxidase

OA

osteoarthritis

MAP

ir ean arterial pressure

OCP

oral contraceptive pill

MAT

multifocal atrial tachycardia

OG

osmolal gap

MCD

minimal change disease

OGT

orogastric tube

MCP

metacarpal phalangeal

OGTT

oral glucose tolerance test

MCTD

mixed connective tissue

Ol

opportunistic infection

disease

OM

obtuse marginal coronary

MCV

mean corpuscular volume

artery

MDI

metered dose inhaler

OSA

obstructive sleep apnea

MDS

myelodysplastic syndrome

OTC

over-the-counter

MEN

multiple endocrine neoplasia

MG

myasthenia gravis

p/w

present with

MGUS

monoclonal gammopathy of

PA

pulmonary artery

uncertain significance

PAC

pulmonary artery catheter

Ml

myocardial Infarction

PAD

peripheral arterial disease

mln

minute

PAN

polyarteritis nodosa

min.

minimal

PASP

pulmonary artery systolic

MM

multiple myeloma

pressure

MMEFR

maximal mid-expiratory

PAV

percutaneous aortic

flow rate

valvuloplasty

MN

membranous nephropathy

pb

problem

mod.

moderate

PBC

primary biliary cirrhosis

mos

months

PCI

percutaneous coronary

MPD

myeloproliferative disorder

intervention

MPGN

membranoproliferative

PCN

penicillin

glomerulonephritis

PCP

Pneumocystis jioveci pneumonia

MR

magnetic resonance

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

mitral regurgitation

PCWP

pulmonary capillary wedge

MRA

magnetic resonance

pressure

angiography

PD

peritoneal dialysis

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

PDA

patent ductus arteriosus

MRSA

methicillin-resistant S. aureus

posterior descending

MS

mitral stenosis

coronary artery

MTb

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

PE

pulmonary embolism

MTP

metatarsal phalangeal

PEA

pulseless electrical activity

MTX

methotrexate

PEEP

positive end-expiratory

MV

mitral valve

pressure

MVA

mitral valve area

PEFR

peak expiratory flow rate

MVP

mitral valve prolapse

PET

positron emission

MVR

mitral valve replacement

tomography

M<J>

macrophage

PFO

patent foramen ovale

PFT

pulmonary function test

N/V

nausea and/or vomiting

PGA

polyglandular autoimmune

NAC

N-acetylcysteine

syndrome

NAFLD

non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

PHT

pulmonary hypertension

NG

nasogastric

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

NGT

nasogastric tube

PIF

prolactin inhibitory factor

NHL

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

PIP

peak inspiratory pressure

NIDDM

non-insulin dependent

proximal interphalangeal

diabetes mellitus

PKD

polycystic kidney disease

NJ

nasojejunal

PM

polymyositis

nl

normal

PMHx

past medical history

NM

neuromuscular

PMI

point of maximal impulse

NMJ

neuromuscular junction

PMN

polymorphonuclear leukocyte

NO

nitric oxide

PMV

percutaneous mitral

NPJT

non-paroxysmal junctional

valvuloplasty

tachycardia

PMVT

polymorphic ventricular

NPO

nothing by mouth

tachycardia

NPV

negative predictive value

PNA

pneumonia

NS

normal saline

PND

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory

PNH

paroxysmal nocturnal

drug

hemoglobinuria

POTS

postural orthostatic

RR

tachycardia syndrome

RT

PPD

purified protein derivative

RTA

PPH

primary pulmonary

RUQ

hypertension

RUSB

PPI

proton pump inhibitors

RV

PpUt

plateau pressure

PPM

permanent pacemaker

RVAD

PPV

positive predictive value

RVH

PR

pulmonary regurgitation

RVOT

PRBCs

packed red blood cells

RVSP

PRL

prolactin

Rx

PRPP

phosphoribosyl-1-

pyrophosphate

sle

PRWP

poor R wave progression

S/p

PS

pressure support

s/s

pulmonic stenosis

SA

PSA

prostate specific antigen

SAAG

PSGN

post streptococcal

SAH

glomerulonephritis

SBE

PSHx

past surgical history

PSV

pressure support ventilation

SBP

Pt

patient

PT

prothrombin time

PTA

percutaneous transluminal

se

angioplasty

SCD

PTH

parathyroid hormone

SCID

PTH-rP

parathyroid hormone-related

peptide

SCLC

PTT

partial thromboplastin time

Se

PTX

pneumothorax

sec

PUD

peptic ulcer disease

sev.

PV

polycythemia vera

SIADH

PVD

peripheral vascular disease

PVE

prosthetic valve endocarditis

SIEP

PVR

pulmonary vascular resistance

SIMV

qac

before every meal

SLE

qhs

every bedtime

SMA

QoL

quality of life

SMV

Qw

Q wave

SOS

rlo

rule out

Sp

RA

refractory anemia

SPEP

rheumatoid arthritis

SR

right atrium

SSCY

RAD

right axis deviation

RAE

right atrial enlargement

SSS

RAI

radioactive iodine

ST

RAIU

radioactive iodine uptake

STD

1 RAS

renal artery stenosis

STE

RBBB

right bundle branch block

SV

RBC

red blood ceil

SVC

RBF

renal blood flow

SVR

RCA

right coronary artery

SVT

RCMP

restrictive cardiomyopathy

SX

RCT

randomized controlled trial

RDW

red cell distribution width

TjRU

RE

reticuloendothelial

TAA

RF

rheumatoid factor

TB

RHD

rheumatic heart disease

TBG

Rl

reticulocyte index

TCA

RIBA

recombinant immunoblot assay

TCD

RMSF

Rocky Mountain spotted fever

TdP

RPGN

rapidly progressive

TdT

glomerulonephritis glomerulonephritis respiratory rate radiation therapy renal tubular acidosis right upper quadrant right upper sternal border residual volume right ventricle RV assist device right ventricular hypertrophy RV outflow tract RV systolic pressure therapy side effect status post signs and symptoms sinoatrial serum-ascites albumin gradient subarachnoid hemorrhage subacute bacterial endocarditis spontaneous bacterial peritonitis systolic blood pressure subcutaneous sudden cardiac death severe combined immunodeficiency small cell lung cancer sensitivity second severe syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone serum Immunoelectrophoresis synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation systemic lupus erythematosus superior mesenteric artery superior mesenteric vein sinusoidal obstructive syndrome specificity serum protein electrophoresis sinus rhythm Salmonella, Shigella,

Campylobacter. Yersinia sick sinus syndrome sinus tachycardia sexually transmitted disease ST segment elevation stroke volume superior vena cava systemic vascular resistance supraventricular tachycardia symptom(s) or symptomatic

Tj resin uptake thoracic aortic aneurysm tuberculosis thyroid binding globulin tricyclic antidepressant transcranial Doppler torsades de pointes terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase

TEE

transesophageal echo

UFH

unfractionated heparin

TFTs

thyroid function tests

UGIB

upper gastrointestinal bleed

TG

triglycerides

UIP

usual interstitial pneumonitis

TGA

transposition of the great

ULN

upper limit of normal

arteries

UOP

urine output

TIA

transient ischemic attack

UPEP

urine protein electrophoresis

TIBC

total iron binding capacity

UR

urgent revascularization

TIPS

transjugular intrahepatic

URI

upper respiratory tract

portosystemic shunt

infection

TLC

total lung capacity

UTI

urinary tract infection

Tn

troponin

TP

total protein

V/Q

ventilation-perfusion

TPN

total parenteral nutrition

VAD

ventricular assist device

Tpo

thrombopoietin

VATS

video-assisted thoracoscope

TPO

thyroid peroxidase

surgery

TR

tricuspid regurgitation

VBI

vertebrob?silar insufficiency

TRAU

transfusion-related acute lung

VC

vital capacity

injury

VD

vessel disease

TRH

thyrotropin releasing hormone

VF

ventricular fibrillation

TRS

TIMI risk score

VLDL

very-low-density

TRUS

transrectal ultrasound

lipoproteins

TS

tricuspid stenosis

VOD

veno-occlusive disease

TSH

thyroid stimulating hormone

VSD

ventricular septal defect

TSI

thyroid-stimulating

VT

tidal volume

immunoglobulin

VT

ventricular tachycardia

TSS

transsphenoidal surgery

VTE

venous thromboembolus

TTE

transthoracic echo

vWD

von Willebrand's disease

TT KG

transtubular potassium gradient

vWF

von Willebrand's factor

TTP

thrombotic thrombocy

VZV

varicella zoster virus

topenic purpura

TV

tricuspid valve

w /

with

TWF

T wave flattening

w/o

without

TWI

T wave inversion

w/u

workup

TZD

thiazolidinediones

WCT

wide-complex tachycardia

wk

week

U/A

urinalysis

WM

Waldenstrom's

U/S

ultrasound

macroglobulinemia

UA

unstable angina

WMA

wall motion abnormality

uric acid

WPW

Wolff-Parkinson-White

UAG

urine anion gap

syndrome

UC

ulcerative colitis

UCx

urine culture

XRT

radiation therapy

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Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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