Despite the fact that Skinner's principles have been used quite effectively in various settings, including therapeutic, educational, and business, there are still shortcomings even in environments that are carefully controlled. Behavioral management has not always been as effective as some claim. When neurotic behaviors improve but not to the extent that the person can function normally, or when a child learns more using behavioral principles but still cannot master certain concepts, is it the individual's limitations that are at fault or simply the realization that all behavior is not subject to control through reinforcement? Skinner would say that all behavior can be shaped given the appropriate reinforcements, but this is seriously questioned in real-life situations when some variables seem outside the realm of what can be controlled.
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