The cognitive revolution

The growing acceptance of Beck's theories within the therapeutic community during the 1970s was in part the result of the so-called "cognitive revolution" in psychology, in which psychologists began to move away from behaviorism and its model of learning as operant conditioning toward a model of learning as information processing. Jean Piaget's work on the process of childhood learning indicated that children perceive, remember, and learn to think in categories— such structures as number, quantity, volume, and space. Other researchers found that categorization appears to be both innate in humans and cross-cultural. Another structural psychologist whose work influenced Beck was George Kelly, whose two-volume Psychology of Personal Constructs (1955) proposed that psychopathology could be understood in terms of faulty information processing. Beck initially used Kelly's term "constructs" to describe his "schemas."

The cognitive revolution also included researchers who applied the information-processing model to social psychology, studying such processes as impression formation, decision-making, problem-solving, self-perception, and self-control. Beck was particularly influenced by the work of Donald Meichenbaum in cognitive behavioral modification and Albert Bandura (1925- ) in social modeling and self-regulation theory.

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Anxiety and Depression 101

Anxiety and Depression 101

Everything you ever wanted to know about. We have been discussing depression and anxiety and how different information that is out on the market only seems to target one particular cure for these two common conditions that seem to walk hand in hand.

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