Global prevalence of diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy
Diabetes mellitus currently affects more than 170 million persons worldwide and will affect an estimated 366 million by 2030, with the most rapid growth in low and middle-income countries, among populations of working age. More than 75% of patients who have had diabetes mellitus for more than 20 years will have some form of diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy is a microvascular complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The condition is a leading cause of new-onset blindness in many industrialized countries and is an increasingly more frequent cause of blindness elsewhere. WHO has estimated that diabetic retinopathy is responsible for 4.8% of the 37 million cases of blindness throughout the worid.
Evidence-based treatment is available to reduce significantly the risks for blindness and for moderate vision loss. Clinical studies spanning more than 30 years have shown that appropriate treatment can reduce the risks by more than 90%.
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All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.