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47. Dasbach EJ et al. Cost-effectiveness of strategies for detecting diabetic retinopathy. Medical Care, 1991, 29:20-39.

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63. Schmid KL et al. The detection of diabetic retinopathy by Australian optometrists. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 2002, 85:221228.

64. Prasad S et al. Effectiveness of optometrist screening for diabetic retinopathy using slit-amp biomicroscopy. Eye, 2001, 15:595-601.

65. Lee VS et al. The diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy: ophthalmoscopy versus fundus photography. Ophthalmology, 1993, 100:1504-1512.

66. Awh CC, Cupples HP, Javitt JC. Improved detection and referral of patents with diabetic retinopathy by prmary care physicians: effectiveness of education. Archives of Internal Medicine, 1991, 151:1405-1408.

67. Bibby K et al. Benefits of training junior physicians to detect diabetic retinopathy—the Glasgow experience. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 1992, 85:326-328.

68. Confos N, Frith J, Mitchell P. Training GPs to screen for diabetic retinopathy. Australian Family Physician, 2003, 32:381-384.

69. Nathan DM et al. Role of diabetologist in evaluating diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes Care, 1991, 14:26-33.

70. Gil JM et al. Accuracy of screening for diabetic retinopathy by family physicians. Annals of Family Medicine, 2004, 2:218-220.

71. Bloom BS. Effects of continuing medical education on improving physician clinical care and patient health: a review of systematic revews. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 2005, 21:380-385.

72. Lee P. Telemedicine: opportunities and challenges for the remote care of diabetic retinopathy (editoral). Archives of Ophthamology, 1999, 117:1639-1640.

73. Williams GA et al. Single field fundus photography for diabetic retinopathy screening: a report by the Amercan Academy of Ophthalmology. Ophthalmology, 2004, 111:1055-1062.

74. Amercan College of Radiology. ACR standard for teleradiology (Res 21-1994). Chicago, IIIinois, 1998.

75. Whited JD. Accuracy and reliability of teleophthalmology for diagnosing diabetic retinopathy and macular edema: a review of the literature. Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics, 2006, 8:102111.

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77. Pugh JA et al. Screening for diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes Care, 1993, 16:889-895.

78. Basu A et al. Is digital compression acceptable within diabetic retinopathy screening. Diabetic Medicine, 2003, 20:766-771.

79. Baker CF et al. JPEG compression of stereoscopic digital images for the diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy via teleophthalmology. Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, 2004, 39:746-754.

80. Lim JI et al. A comparison of digital nonmydratic fundus imaging with standard 35-millimeter sides for diabetic retinopathy.

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