Figure Acknowledgements

Fig 1.13 is reprinted from Volkheimer G et al., Gut 1969; 10:32-3. with the permission of the BMJ Publishing Group.

Fig 3.4 is reprinted from Sanford PA, Digestive System Physiology (1982) with the permission of Arnold.

Fig 3.5 is reprinted from Pimlott & Addy, Oral Surg. Oral. Med. Path. 1985; 59:145-8. with the permission of Mosby.

Fig 3.6 is reprinted from Squier CA & Johnson NW, British Medical Bulletin 1975; 31:169 with the permission of Christopher A Squier.

Fig 3.8 is reprinted from Wilson CG et al., Int J Pharm 1987; 40:119-123 with the permission of Elsevier Science.

Fig 3.9 is reprinted from Davis SS et al, In: Modern Concepts in Nitrate Delivery Systems, Goldberg AAJ & Parson DG (eds) pp29-37 (1983) with the permission of Pharmaceutical Press.

Fig 4.6 is reprinted from Wilson CG et al., Int. J. Pharm. 1988; 46:241-46 with the permission of Elsevier Science.

Fig 4.7 is reprinted from Kikendall JW et al., Dig. Dis. Sci. 1983; 28:174-182 with the permission of Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publisher.

Fig 4.8 is reprinted from Weinbeck M et al, Bailliere's Clin. Gastroenterol. 1988; 2:263-274 with the permission of Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

Fig 5.1 is reprinted from Sanford PA, Digestive System Physiology (1982) with the permission of Arnold.

Fig 5.6 is reprinted from Johnson LR (ed), Gastrointestinal physiology, 3rd edition (1985) with the permission of W.B.Saunders.

Fig 5.7 is reprinted from Sanford PA, Digestive System Physiology (1982) with the permission of Arnold.

Fig 5.11 is reprinted from Sanford PA, Digestive System Physiology (1982) with the permission of Arnold.

Fig 5.13 is reprinted with thanks to Dr Wright of the Department of Surgery, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.

Fig 5.15 is reprinted from Goo RH et al, Gastroenterol. 1987; 93:515-518 with the permission of W.B. Saunders.

Fig 5.17 is reprinted from O'Reilly S et al., Int. J. Pharm. 1987; 34:213-216 with the permission of Elsevier Science.

Fig 5.19 is reprinted from O'Reilly S et al., Int. J. Pharm. 1987; 34:213-216 with the permission of Elsevier Science.

Fig 5.20 is reprinted from Meyer JH et al., Gastroenterol. 1985; 88:1502 with the permission of W.B. Saunders.

Fig 6.1 is reprinted from Moog F., The lining of the small intestine. Scientific American 1981; 245:154-158 with the permission of Carol Donner.

Fig 6.2 is reprinted from Weiner D, Chapter 43 in: Biological Foundations of Biomedical Engineering, Kline J (ed) (1976) with the permission of Lippincott Williams & Wilkins and D Weiner.

Fig 6.4 is reprinted from Sanford PA, Digestive System Physiology (1982) with the permission of Arnold.

Fig 6.5 is reprinted from Johnson LR (ed), Gastrointestinal Physiology, 3rd edition (1985) with the permission of W.B.Saunders.

Fig 6.7 is reprinted from Davis SS et al., Int. J. Pharm. 1987; 34:253-8 with the permission of Elsevier Science.

Fig 6.8 is reprinted from Davis SS et al., Gut 1986; 27:886-892 with the permission of the BMJ Publishing Group.

Fig 6.10 is reprinted from Fischer W et al, Pharm. Res. 1987; 4:480-485 with the permission of Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publisher.

Fig 6.11 is reprinted from Bechgard H et al., J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 1985; 37:718-721 with the permission of Pharmaceutical Press.

Fig 6.12 is reprinted from Schinkel AH, Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev 1999; 36:179-194 with the permission of Elsevier Science.

Fig 7.1 is reprinted from Sanford PA, Digestive System Physiology (1982) with the permission of Arnold.

Fig 7.2 is reprinted from Krstic RV, Human Microscopic Anatomy (1991) with the permission of Springer-Verlag.

Fig 7.3 is reprinted from Stephen AM et al., Br. J. Nutr. 1986; 56:349-361 with the permission of CABI Publishing.

Fig 7.4 is reprinted from Washington N et al., Moderation of lactulose induced diarrhoea by psyllium: effects on motility and fermentation Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1998; 67:317-321 with the permission of The American Society for Clinical Nutrition.

Fig 7.5 is reprinted from Davis et al., Relationship between the rate of appearance of oxprenolol in the systemic circulation and the location of an oxprenolol Oros 16/260 drug delivery system within the gastrointestinal tract as determined by scintigraphy. Br. J., Clin. Pharmacol. 1988; 26:435-443 with the permission of Sage Publications Inc.

Fig 7.6 is reprinted from Hardy JG et al., J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 1985; 37:874-877 with the permission of Pharmaceutical Press.

Fig 7.7 is reprinted from Hardy JG et al., J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 1985; 37:874-877 with the permission of Pharmaceutical Press.

Fig 7.9 is reprinted from Tozer, T.N., Kinetic perspectives on colonic delivery. Proc. Int. Symp. Cont. Rel. Bioact. Mat. 1990; 17:126 with the permission of the Controlled Release Society.

Fig 7.11 is reprinted from Tukker J, Ph.D thesis, University of Leiden 1983 with the permission of J Tukker.

Fig 7.12 is reprinted from Wood E et al., Int. J. Pharmaceut. 1985; 25:191-197 with the permission of Elsevier Science.

Fig 7.13 is reprinted from van Hoogdalem E.J., de Boer A.G. and Briemer D.D., Pharmacokinetics of rectal drug administration. Part I—general considerations and clinical applications of centrally acting drugs. Clin. Pharmokinet. 1991; 21:11-26 with the permission of Adis International Ltd.

Fig 7.14 is reprinted from van Hoogdalem E.J., de Boer A.G. and Briemer D.D., Pharmacokinetics of rectal drug administration. Part II—Clinical applications of periphereally acting drugs and conclusions. Clin. Pharmokinet. 1991; 21:110-128 with the permission of Adis International Ltd.

Fig 9.3 is reprinted from Hussain A.A., Intranasal drug delivery. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews 1998; 29:39-49, with the permission of Elsevier Science.

Fig 9.4 is reprinted from Fisher A. et al, The effect of molecular size on the nasal absorption of water-soluble compounds in the albino rat. J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 1987; 39:357-362 with the permission of Pharmaceutical Press.

Fig 9.5 is reprinted from Jackson SJ et al., J. Pharm. Pharmacol 1997; 49: suppl 84 with the permission of Pharmaceutical Press.

Fig 9.6 is reprinted from Ridley D. et al., The effect of posture on the nasal clearance of starch microspheres. STP Pharma Sciences 1995; 5:442-446 with the permission of Editions de Sante.

Fig 9.7 is reprinted from Hehar SS et al. Clin. Otolaryngology 1999; 24:24-25 with the permission of Blackwell Science.

Fig 9.8 is reprinted from Huang C. et al., J. Pharm. Sci. 1985; 74:550-552 with the permission of John Wiley & Sons.

Fig 9.9 is reprinted from Washington N et al., Int. J. Pharm. 2000; 198:139-146 with the permission of Elsevier Science.

Fig 10.2 is reprinted from Bell GH, Emslie-Smith D and Paterson CR, Textbook of Physiology, 10 th edn. (1980) with the permission of W.B.Saunders/Churchill-Livingstone.

Fig 10.3 is reprinted from Vander AJ, Sherman JH & Luciano DS, Human Physiology (1975) with the permission of Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company.

Fig 11.1 is reprinted from Mitra AK, Ophthalmic Drug Delivery Devices (P.Tyle ed) Marcel Dekker, New York (1993) with the permission of Marcel Dekker Inc.

Fig 11.5 is reprinted from Greaves JL and Wilson CG, Treatment of diseases of the eye with mucoadesive delivery systems. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews 1993; 11:349-383 with the permission of Elsevier Science.

Fig 12.3 is reprinted from Krstic RV, Human Microscopic Anatomy (1991) with the permission of Springer-Verlag.

The authors and publishers have made every effort to contact authors/copyright holders of works reprinted from in Physiological Pharmaceutics 2nd ed. This has not been possible in every case, however, and we would welcome correspondence from those individuals/companies we have been unable to trace.

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