The menopause is associated with a gradual change in the vagina which can take up to 5 to 8 years to stabilise. The length and the diameter decrease with age and the pH can rise to between 6 and 8 increasing the risk of infection. Elasticity and blood supply decrease with age and the upper vagina may atrophy. The epithelium becomes thinner which is an important consideration in intravaginal drug delivery since this would lead to an increased permeability. Vaginal secretions and hence lubrication decrease and become more watery. The levels of several enzymes increase, such as E-glucuronidase, acid phosphatase and nonspecific esterases, in postmenopausal women.
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Are Menopause Symptoms Playing Havoc With Your Health and Relationships? Are you tired of the mood swings, dryness, hair loss and wrinkles that come with the change of life? Do you want to do something about it but are wary of taking the estrogen or antidepressants usually prescribed for menopause symptoms?