1. Hanna NF, Taylor-Robinson D, Kalodiki-Karamanoli M, Harris JR, McFadyen IR. The relation between vaginal pH and the microbiological status in vaginitis. Br. J. Obstetr. Gynaecol. 1985; 92:1267-1271.

2. Gleeson RP, Elder AM, Turner MJ, Rutherford AJ, Elder MG. Vaginal pH in pregnancy in women delivered at and before term. Br. J. Obstetr. Gynaecol. 1989; 96:183-187.

3. Haukkamaa M, Stranden P, Jousimies Somer H, Siitonen A. Bacterial flora of the cervix in women using different methods of contraception. Am. J. Obstetr. Gynaecol. 1986; 154:520-524.

4. Blackwell RE. Detection of ovulation. Fertil. and Steril. 1984; 41:680-681.

5. Aref I, El-Sheikha Z, Hafez ESE. Absorption of drugs and hormones in the vagina. New York: North Holland Publishing Co., 1978.

6. Richardson JL, Ilium L. Routes of delivery: case studies. The vaginal route of peptide and protein drug delivery. Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 1992; 8:341-366.

7. Mizutani T, Nishiyama S, Amakawa I, Watanabe A, Nakamuro K, Terada N. Danazol concentrations in ovary, uterus, and serum and their effect on the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis during vaginal administration of a danazol suppository. Fertil. and Steril. 1995; 63:1184-1189.

8. Kullander S, Svanberg X. On resorption and the effects of vaginally administered terbutaline in women with premature labour. Acta Obstet. Gynecol. Scand. 1985; 64:613-616.

9. Bulletti C, De Ziegler D, Giacomucci E, Polli V, Rossi S, Alfieri S, Vaginal drug delivery: the first uterine pass effect. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1997; 828:285-290.

10. Richardson JL, Ilium L. The vaginal route of peptide and protein drug delivery. Adv. Drug Deliv Rev. 1992; 8:341-366.

11. Durrani MJ, Kusai A, Ho NFH. Topical vaginal drug delivery in the guinea pig. I. Effect of estrous cycle on the vaginal membrane permeability of vidarabine. Int. J. Pharmaceut. 1985; 24:209-218.

12. Bassol S, Recio R, de la Cruz DL. Comparative trial between two soft jelly capsules containing Nonoxynol as spermicidal contraceptives. Contraception 1989; 39:409-418.

13. Ahmad M, Asch RH. Study of the intravaginal insert (IVI): Acceptability, side effects, and post-coital spermicidal activity. Acta Europaea Fertilitatis 1984; 15:369-376.

14. Faich G, Pearson K, Fleming D. Toxic shock syndrome and the vaginal contraceptive sponge. J. Am. Med. Assoc. 1986; 255:216-218.

15. Amkraut A, Eckenhoff JB, Nichols K. Osmotic delivery of peptides and macromolecules. Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 1989; 4:255-276.

16. Ayton RA, Darling GM, Murkies AL, Farrell EA, Weisberg E, Selinus I. A comparative study of safety and efficacy of continuous low dose oestradiol released from a vaginal ring compared with conjugated equine oestrogen vaginal cream in the treatment of postmenopausal urogenital atrophy. Br. J. Obstetr. Gynaecol. 1996; 103:351-358.

17. Knuth K, Amiji M, Robinson JR. Hydrogel delivery systems for vaginal and oral applications, formulation and biological considerations. Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 1993; 11:137-167.

18. Gelfand MM, Wendman E. Treating vaginal dryness in breast cancer patients: Results of applying a polycarbophil moisturizing gel. J. Women's Health 1994; 3:427-434.

19. Robinson JR, Bologna WJ. Vaginal and reproductive system treatments using a bioadhesive polymer. J. Cont. Rel. 1994; 28:87-94.

20. Richter R. Ein Mittel zur Verhutung der Konzeption (A means of preventing pregnancy). Dtsch. Med. Wochenschr. 1909; 35:1525-1527.

21. Graefenberg AE. An intrauterine contraceptive method. In: The practice of contraception. Proc. 7th Int. Birth control conference, Zurich, Switzerland, Sept 1930, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore 1930:33-47.

22. Golomb G, Shaked I, Hoffman A. Intrauterine administration of peptide drugs for systemic effect. Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev. 1995; 17:179-190.


Was this article helpful?

0 0
Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge and results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment