Walking backward is a necessary part of functional walking. It requires trunk control and exercises hip hyperextension in swing. Backward walking also serves to facilitate forward walking by acting as the technique Reversal of Antagonists.

Stand behind the patient. Place the heel of your hand on the posterior superior iliac crest and give pressure down and forward. The patient must maintain an upright trunk while walking backward.

Fig. 12.22a-c. Walking backward

Fig. 12.22a-c. Walking backward b a c

Sideways (O Fig. 12.23, walking sideways;

The ability to walk sideways is needed when maneuvering in narrow places. Walking sideways exercises the lateral muscles of the trunk and legs: Stand so the patient walks towards you. Give approximation, stretch, and resistance through the pelvis. If the upper trunk needs stabilizing, place one hand on the lateral aspect of the shoulder.

Fig. 12.23a,b. Walking sideways

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Fire Up Your Core

Fire Up Your Core

If you weaken the center of any freestanding structure it becomes unstable. Eventually, everyday wear-and-tear takes its toll, causing the structure to buckle under pressure. This is exactly what happens when the core muscles are weak – it compromises your body’s ability to support the frame properly. In recent years, there has been a lot of buzz about the importance of a strong core – and there is a valid reason for this. The core is where all of the powerful movements in the body originate – so it can essentially be thought of as your “center of power.”

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