Use a tongue blade or your gloved fingers to stimulate and resist tongue movements. Wet the tongue blade to make it less irritating to the tissues. Ice the tongue to increase the stimulation. Sucking on an ice cube permits patients to stimulate tongue and mouth function on their own.
We have illustrated the following tongue exercises:
— Sticking the tongue out straight (O Fig. 13.18 a)
— Sticking the tongue out to the left and the right (O Fig. 13.18 b)
— Touching the nose with the tongue (O Fig. 13.18 c)
— Touching the chin with the tongue (O Fig. 13.18 d)
— Rolling the tongue. (This motion is genetically controlled. Not all people can do it.) (O Fig. 13.18 e)
Other tongue motions which should be exercised include:
— Humping the tongue (needed to push food back in the mouth in preparation for swallowing)
— Moving the tongue laterally inside the mouth
— Touching the tip of the tongue to the palate just behind the front teeth
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