In eight countries (Australia, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden), the IVF component of the cost of PGD, usually up to four to six IVF cycles, is covered by the social security system. The couple, however, pay the diagnostic component. In the United Kingdom, the availability of coverage is dependent on the regional funding scheme providing coverage to individual couples. Therefore the National Health Service does not always cover PGD (J. Harper, personal communication). In Greece, Lebanon and Thailand, the entire cost of PGD is the responsibility of the patient.
In the USA the situation varies from state to state and is often dependent on individual states' insurance regulations and the power afforded by state legislatures to political lobbying groups concerned with women's health care, infertility, or religious opposition to prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy termination. Some states have been influenced by support groups for infertility patients and have passed laws that require health insurance companies and health maintenance organizations (HMOs) to provide coverage for the cost of IVF. Other states have heeded the concerns of religious organizations and exempt employers providing insurance coverage to their employees from covering IVF if the organization is affiliated with a religious group that prohibits IVF. There are efforts to encourage the Congress to pass laws that would require insurance companies to provide coverage for IVF. These laws, however, would not provide uniform coverage for IVF throughout the USA because only certain types of health insurance policies are regulated solely by the national government (Viville & Pergament 1998). Most insurance polices in the USA are regulated by state laws (Viville & Pergament 1998).
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Whenever a doctor informs the parents that their child is suffering with Autism, the first & foremost question that is thrown over him is - How did it happen? How did my child get this disease? Well, there is no definite answer to what are the exact causes of Autism.