Lashes Product

Flair Lashes Club

Eyelashes training program is open for everyone regardless of whether you have had prior experience in the field or eye lashing or not. Through the program, you will learn a lot of how to perm natural eyelashes as well as the aftercare you should accord to customers after perming their lashes. This training program uses tested and proven techniques which will ensure that you become an expert and open your eye lashing saloon business. The training program involves two major courses. One of the courses is the eyelash tint and lift. The second course is the classic eyelash extensions. You will get super guidance from the Marta who is an expert and has gained experience for over eight years. You do not have to worry about how to market your eyelash saloon business as Marta will take you through all the marketing strategies which will help you gain a large customer base and in turn change your business into a considerable fortune. Based on the many benefits associated with this training program, I highly recommend it to everyone who has not yet registered as a member.

Flair Lashes Club Summary

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Involutional entropion

The primary object of treatment is to rotate the lashes and lid margin away from the cornea and to prevent slippage between the lamellae. This is most easily achieved by placing everting sutures. In the lower lid these are placed through the lid from the conjunctival fornix to skin. In the upper lid because of potential corneal abrasion the sutures must remain on the anterior surface of the tarsal plate. They must elevate the skin and orbicularis muscle and hold them at a higher level on the tarsus, thus everting the lashes. The simplest method is often short-lived and patients therefore have to be warned that more complicated procedures may be required in the future should there be a subsequent failure. If more complicated pathology exists then more extensive procedures have to be adopted (Figures 4.4 and 4.5).

Cicatricial entropion

Cicatricial entropion causes misdirection of lashes when shortening of the posterior lamella follows contraction of scar tissue. The underlying pathology can vary and includes infection (trachoma chlamydia, chronic blepharoconjunctivitis and Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus), toxic epithelial necrolysis (Stevens-Johnson syndrome), pemphigoid and trauma (chemical, thermal and mechanical). Histology is sometimes required to determine the nature of the condition. Repair of these conditions not only includes rotation of the lid margin but modification or the addition of material to the foreshortened posterior lamella. Replacing like with like is a standard maxim so the posterior lamella requires replacement with tarsoconjunctiva if at all possible. When this is not readily available various auto-, homo- and allografts may be used, which all attempt to lengthen the tarsoconjunctival surface and allow the lashes to point away from the globe. The upper lid graft has one main objective and that is...

Upper eyelid reconstruction

Cantholysis

Interrupted 6 0 silk sutures placed at the grey line and lash margin. All eyelashes should be everted away from the cornea. The ends of the margin sutures are left long and sutured to the external skin tissue to avoid corneal irritation. other upper eyelid may be transplanted into defects of the upper eyelid margin. The resection of the normal eyelid should be performed below the lid crease and should be done only when the remaining normal eyelid can be easily closed with direct closure. The lashes of the transplanted lid rarely survive. The overlying skin and orbicularis are removed and a rotation advancement flap is fashioned to cover the graft. Rotation and inversion of the lower lid margin and tarsus into an upper lid defect provides good lid function as well as lashes for the upper eyelid. This procedure is best used, however, for large upper lid defects. It necessitates complete reconstruction of the lower eyelid margin, utilising a lateral Mustarde cheek flap reconstruction...

Squamous cell carcinoma SCC

There is no pathognomonic presentation. These tumours tend to appear as thick, erythematous, elevated lesions with indurated borders and with a scaly surface (Figure 6.5). Cutaneous horn formation or extensive keratinisation are the most consistent features. When it occurs at the eyelid margin the lashes are destroyed. Squamous cell carcinomas may be derived from actinic keratoses. With chronicity and cicatricial changes of the skin, secondary ectropion may occur. The clinical features of the tumour are an exaggeration of those found with actinic keratosis.

Malignant orbital disease in children

Long-term side-effects of orbital radiotherapy include cataract, dry eye with secondary corneal scarring, loss of skin appendages (lashes and brow hair), atrophy of orbital fat and, if performed in infancy, retardation of orbital bone growth. There is also a risk of late radiation-induced orbital malignancy, such as fibrosarcoma and osteosarcoma, and there may be an increased propensity to certain other primary tumours in adulthood.

Specific Infections Affecting The Eyes In Travellers

Mio Mondo Una Sfera Cristallo

Trachoma is usually a chronic disease with repeated reinfection initial symptoms are usually of an irritable red eye with mucopurulent discharge. Symptoms may be mild and ignored, but after 2-3 weeks characteristic changes occur. These take the form of follicles, easily seen by naked eye when everting the lid. Without treatment, symptoms are seen to resolve after 8-12 weeks, or at least abate, but continuing reinfection in susceptible patients leads to blinding complications. Blinding occurs because of extensive corneal scarring as a consequence of conjunctival scarring, which leads to distortion of the eyelid margin, entropion and trichiasis, and inward-growing lashes, the cornea suffers from repeated abrading from lashes and poor lubrication. None of these long-term complications would be seen if a patient who contracted trachoma were adequately treated and reinfection did not occur. Some of the systemic early signs that are seen include a seventh nerve palsy, erythema nodusum and...

The eyelids

The upper lid margin lies 1 to 2mm below the superior limbus, the peak lying just nasal to the centre of the pupil. The lower lid margin sits at the corneal limbus, its lowest portion lying slightly temporal to the pupil. The upper lid crease is 8 to 12mm above the lashes and is formed by the subcutaneous insertion of the terminal fibres of the levator aponeurosis. The lower lid crease is more poorly defined as there are no subcutaneous insertions corresponding to those of the upper eyelid. The nasojugal fold extends inferior and laterally from the medial canthal angle along the side of the nose and the angular blood vessels will generally be located in this fold.

Trichiasis

Trichiasis is the term used for distorted eyelashes. They may arise from a normal position i.e. from lash roots that are just anterior to the tarsal plate (aberrant eyelashes) or from an abnormal position (dysplastic eyelashes). Blepharitis and chronic external eye disease are the commonest causes of aberrant eyelashes, but anything which leads to scarring of the lid margin can be responsible e.g. trauma. Dysplastic lashes are caused by chronic ongoing external eye disease conditions such as pemphigoid which may lead to eyelashes arising from the posterior lid margin. If the lid margin position is abnormal, this must first be corrected as described in this chapter. If the eyelashes themselves are abnormal they must be destroyed. Various methods have been described including electrolysis, cryotherapy, laser etc.

Distichiasis

This is the condition in which a second row of eyelashes grow out of the Meibomian gland orifices. It can be treated by electrolysis, but there is a high failure or recurrence rate. If the lid is split into two lamellae with an extended grey line split (vide supra), the terminal posterior lamella can be treated with An alternative treatment for distichiasis is to evert the lid and cut the tarsus following the course of each involved eyelash to its root. This can then be treated under direct vision with cautery or electrolysis. The disadvantage of this is the time that it takes, but it can be a very effective treatment.

Technique

Solution however,these need to be started 24-48 h prior to the procedure with frequent use to substantially affect the ocular flora, limiting their usefulness as a true prophylactic method in this setting. A wire-lid speculum is used to open the lids, avert the lashes from the field, and protect the lid margin from cryopexy damage. If the patient is to undergo a one-step procedure, then cryopexy is performed prior to gas injection, as small breaks may be difficult to visualize following gas injection. Cryopexy is the preferred method in cases where media opacities limit the view, when the break(s) are located in the far periphery, or when there is underlying pigment epithelial atrophy. Laser, via a two-step method, is preferred with bullous superior detachments with large retinal breaks, when breaks occur over a previously placed buckle element, and with posteriorly located tears. Some surgeons feel that there is a lower incidence of PVR with laser retinopexy compared with cryopexy....

Congenital entropion

Congenital entropion is a relatively rare but usually benign condition. Surgical intervention requires to be modified for each case. Epiblepharon is more common and is present more frequently in the oriental races. Due to a variation in septal configuration and overall smaller orbital dimensions, the oriental lid displays overridings of the posterior lamella by a roll of skin and preseptal orbicularis.Time is often all that is needed to secure the integrity of the cornea as initially the lashes are soft and nonabrasive, only causing symptoms when the child matures. However if the cornea is compromised and the child is symptomatic the excision of the excess tissue of the anterior lamella is necessary. A horizontal section of anterior lamella is removed from the area anterior to the tarsal plate. Approximate measurements are taken and the wound is closed using a suture that tracks from the skin surface deep to the tarsal plate and back up to the skin surface. The mere closure of this...

Entropion

Orifices of between 25 and 35 meibomian lands open on the upper lid margin compared to between 15 and 25 in the lower lid. These glands produce the oily layer of the tear film. The lash follicles also have smaller glands the glands of Zeiss which are sebaceous, and the glands of Moll which are apocrine. They both deposit their fluid directly into the lash follicles. In entropion not only lashes abraid the cornea but undiluted secretion from the tarsal plate glands also cause irritation. If the keratinising process present at the mouths of the glands increases through disease it can cause a physical corneal abrasion. The hostile corneal environment is initially visible as a superficial punctate keratitis, which if allowed to progress will cause a full-thickness stromal defect which can perforate or scar. Entropion is classified as

Malignant tumours

Figure 6.1 Eyelid BCC showing the malignant features of loss of lashes, obliteration of eyelid margin and pearly telangiectatic change. Figure 6.1 Eyelid BCC showing the malignant features of loss of lashes, obliteration of eyelid margin and pearly telangiectatic change.