veins of lower limbs.
1 Femoral vein. V. femoralis. A companion vein of the femoral artery that extends from the hiatus tendineus of the adductor canal to the inguinal ligament. A
2 External pudendal veins. Vv. pudendae ex-ternae. Individual branches from the external genitalia. A
3 Superficial circumflex iliac vein. V. cir-cumflexa iliaca superficialis. Subcutaneous companion vein of the superficial circumflex iliac artery. A
4 Superficial epigastric vein. V. epigastrica su-perficialis. Subcutaneous companion vein of the superficial epigastric artery. A
5 Superficial dorsal veins of penis/clitoris. Vv. dorsales superficiales penis/clitoridis. Paired epifascial veins of the penis (clitoris) that drain into the femoral vein or external pudendal veins. They run between the superficial and deep fasciae of the penis. A. See also p. 165 B
6 Anterior scrotal/labial veins. Vv. scrotales/ labiales anteriores. Arise from the scrotum or labia majora and open into the femoral vein or the external pudendal veins. A
7 Greater saphenous vein. V. saphena magna. Arises from the medial side of the foot and ascends medially. This vein is provided with valves and receives most of the medial superficial cutaneous veins. It drains into the femoral vein via the saphenous opening. A B C D
8 Accessory saphenous vein. V. saphena acces-soria. Connecting branch that occasionallyjoins the small saphenous vein to the great saphenous vein. It may receive blood from the thigh except for the deep and lateral regions. It sometimes runs parallel to the great saphenous vein before entering the latter. A
9 Accompanying vein of the profunda femoris artery. V. profunda femoris. A Medial circumflex femoral veins. Vv. cir-cumflexae mediales femorales. Companion veins of the corresponding artery. A Lateral circumflex femoral veins. Vv. cir-cumflexae laterales femorales. Companion veins of the corresponding artery. A Perforating veins. Vv. perforantes. Arise from the ischiocrural musculature, penetrate the adductors and open into the profunda femoris vein. A
13 Popliteal vein. V. poplitea. From its origin between the popliteal artery and tibial nerve, it extends from the union of the anterior and posterior tibial veins to the hiatus tendineus of the adductor canal. C
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