17 Parieto-occipital artery. A. parieto-occipitalis. Branch of the anterior cerebral artery that supplies the parieto-occipital sulcus. B
18 Middle cerebral artery. A. cerebri media. Second terminal branch of internal carotid artery. It lodges in the lateral sulcus between the frontal and temporal lobes and supplies the greater part of the lateral cerebral surface. A
19 Sphenoidal part. Pars sphenoidalis. First part ofthe middle cerebral artery. It takes a horizontal course somewhat parallel to the lesser wing of the sphenoid bone. A
20 Anterolateral central arteries. Aa. centrales anterolaterales (aa. thalamostriatae anter-olaterales). Branches that penetrate the anterior perforated substance.
21 Medial branches. Rami mediales. They pass through the lentiform nucleus to the caudate nucleus and internal capsule. A
22 Lateral branches. Rami laterales. They course laterally around the lentiform nucleus to the internal capsule and caudate nucleus. A
23 Insular part. Pars insularis. Collective term for branches of the middle cerebral artery that supply the insula. D
24 Insular arteries. Aa. insulares. Branches that supply the insula. D
25 Lateral frontobasal artery. A. frontobasalis lateralis (ramus orbitofrontalis lateralis). Branch that supplies the lateroinferior frontal lobe. C D
26 Anterior temporal artery. A. temporalis anterior. Branch that supplies the frontal end of the two upper temporal gyri. C D
27 Middle temporal artery. A. temporalis media. Branch supplying the middle portion of the temporal lobe. C D
28 Posterior temporal artery. A. temporalis posterior. Branch supplying the posterior portion of the temporal lobe. C D
29 Terminal part. Pars terminalis (pars corticalis). Terminal ramifications of the middle cerebral artery.
30 Artery of central sulcus. A. sulci centralis. C D
31 Artery of precentral sulcus. A. sulci pre-centralis. C D
32 Artery of postcentral sulcus. A. sulci post-centralis. C D
33 Anterior and posterior parietal arteries. Aa. parietales anterior et posterior. Branches that supply the parietal lobe. C D
34 Artery of angular gyrus. A. gyri angularis. C D
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.