1 Inferior mesenteric plexus. Plexus mesentericus inferior. Continuation of the abdominal aortic plexus along the inferior mesenteric artery including its branches. D
2 Superior rectal plexus. Plexus rectalis superior. Continuation of the inferior mesenteric plexus on the superior rectal artery and rectum. It also contains parasympathetic fibers from the inferior hy-pograstric plexus. D
3 Enteric plexus. Plexus entericus. Collective term for the autonomic plexuses in the wall of the intestinal tract.
4 Subserosat plexus. Plexus subserosus. Fine au-tonomic plexus located directly beneath the serosa. C
5 Myenteric (Auerbach's) plexus. Plexus my-entericus [[Auerbach]]. Prominent plexus situated between the longitudinal and circular muscle layers. It contains ganglion cells and regulates the peristaltic action of the intestine. C
6 Submucosal (Meissner's) plexus. Plexus sub-mucosus [[Meissner]]. Prominent plexus occupying the submucosa. It contains ganglion cells and regulates the activity of the muscularis mucosae and villi. C
7 Iliac plexus. Plexus iliaci. Continuation of the abdominal aortic plexus onto both iliac arteries. D E
8 Femoral plexus. Plexus femoralis. Continuation of the iliac plexus onto the femoral artery. E
8 a PARS PELVICA AUTONOMICA. Pelvic part of the autonomic nervous system.
9 Superior hypogastric plexus (presacral nerve). Plexus hypogastricus superior (n. praesacralis). Plexus-like connection between the abdominal aortic and inferior hypogastric plexuses located predominantly in front of the 5th lumbar vertebral body and receiving branches from the lumbar sympathetic ganglia. D E
10 Right/left hypogastric nerve. N. hypogastricus dexter/sinister. Right and left branches of the superior hypogastric plexus to the pelvic viscera. They communicate with the inferior hypogastric plexus. D E
11 Inferior hypogastric plexus (pelvic plexus).
Plexus hypogastricus inferior (plexus pelvicus). Network of sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers located to the right and left of the rectum and in front of it. D
12 Middle rectal plexus. Plexus rectalis medius. Continuation of the inferior hypogastric plexus onto the wall of the rectum. E
13 Inferior rectal plexus. Plexus rectalis inferior. Autonomic nerve plexus located around the branches of the internal iliac artery and passing to both sides of the rectum. E
14 Prostatic plexus. Plexus prostaticus. Nerve plexus mainly located at the posterior and inferior surfaces of the prostate and extending as far as the membranous part of the urethra. E
15 Deferential plexus. Plexus deferentialis. Nerve plexus around the ductus deferens. E
16 Uterovaginal plexus. Plexus uterovaginalis. Nerve plexus occupying the parametrium and infiltrated with many ganglia. It sends branches to the uterus, vagina, uterine tube and ovary and communicates with the inferior hypogastric plexus in the rectouterine fold. D
17 Vaginal nerves. Nervi vaginales. Branches of the uterovaginal plexus passing to the vagina. D
18 Vesical plexus. Plexus vesicalis. Plexus situated on both sides of the urinary bladder. It contains para-sympatheticfibersandisinvolvedinregulatingthe voiding mechanism of the urinary bladder. E
19 Cavernous nerves of penis. Nn. cavernosi penis. Rami from the prostatic plexus to the cavernous bodies of the penis. E
20 Cavernous nerves of clitoris. Nn. cavernosi cli-toridis. Nerves corresponding to the cavernous nerves of the penis. E
21 SYMPATHETIC PART (SYSTEM). Pars sympathet-ica. Thoracolumbar part of the autonomic nervous system represented in the sympathetic trunk. Excitable by adrenalin (adrenergic), it has a stimulatory effect on the circulation and an inhibitory effect on the intestinal tract.
22 Sympathetic trunk. Truncus sympatheticus. Chain of ganglia connected by nerve fibers. It lies to the right and left of the vertebral column and extends from the base of the skull to the coccyx. B
23 Ganglia of sympathetic trunk. Ganglia trunci sympathetici. Groups of small, mostly multipolar ganglion cells producing macroscopic thickenings and forming synaptic sites between myeli-nated preganglionic and nonmyelinated postgan-glionic fibers. B
24 Interganglionic branches. Rami interganglion-ares. Bundles of white and gray fibers linking the sympathetic ganglia. B
25 Rami communicates. Communicating branches (afferent and efferent) between the spinal nerves and sympathetic trunk. B
26 Intermediate ganglia. Ganglia intermedia. Additional accumulations of sympathetic ganglion cells mainly in the rami communicantes of the cervical and lumbar regions. B
27 Superior cervical ganglion. Ganglion cervicale superius. Uppermost sympathetic trunk ganglion, about 2.5 cm long and lying 2 cm below the base of the skull between the longus capitis and posterior belly of the digastric. A
28 Jugular nerve. N. jugularis. Branch to the inferior ganglion of the glossopharyngeal nerve and to the superior ganglion of the vagus. A
29 Internal carotid nerve. N. caroticus internus. It contains postganglionic fibers and forms the internal carotid plexus in the carotid canal. A
30 Internal carotid plexus. Plexus caroticus inter-nus. Nerve plexus in the carotid canal giving rise to the deep petrosal nerve and branches to the inner ear. It supplies the eye with sympathetic fibers. A
31 External carotid nerves. Nn. carotici externi. Nerves for the external carotid plexus descending along the external carotid artery. A
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.