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sagittal sinus 238.14 groove for 8.31, 16.26a, 18.16, 28.26

salivary (salivatory) nucleus

286.5 segment of kidney 154.17 of lower lobe of left lung 150.22

of lower lobe of right lung 150.10 segmental artery 220.20 bronchus 146.10, 146.22 semicircular canal 376.7 duct 370.12 semilunar lobule 288.33 suprarenal arteries 216.21 surface of talus 50.8 synovial membrane 60.6 tarsal muscle 366.22 plate 366.16 temporal arteriole/venule of retina

360.8 gyrus 308.19 line 16.28 sulcus 308.21 thalamostriate vein 242.4 thoracic aperture 6.36 artery 212.11 thyroid artery 194.10 notch 138.17 tubercle 138.19 vein 236.1 tracheobronchial lymph nodes 260.14

transverse scapular ligament 60.14

tympanic artery 198.19 ulnar collateral artery 212.32 vein(-s) of cerebellum 242.22 of vermis 242.19 vena cava 232.27 opening 186.23

Superior vesical arteries 222.29 vestibular area 378.12 nucleus 286.12 wall 32.17 Superolateral lymph nodes 266.16 surface of cerebral hemisphere 306.15

Superomedial lymph nodes

266.15 Supinator crest 38.31 Supra-acetabular sulcus 42.12 Supra-orbital vein 236.8 Suprachoroid lamina 356.14 Supraclavicular lymph nodes 258.11 nerves 336.4 intermediate 336.6 lateral (posterior) 336.7 medial 336.5 part of brachial plexus 336.19 triangle 398.31 Supracondylar line lateral 46.20b medial 46.20a process 36.18 ridge lateral 36.20 medial 36.17 Supracostal branch of posterior intercostal arteries 216.13 Supracristal plane 398.4 Supraduodenal artery 218.14 Supraglenoid tubercle 34.22 Suprahyoid branch of lingual artery 196.2 triangle 398.27 Supramarginal gyrus 308.8 Supramastoid crest 16.17 Suprameatal pit 16.18 spine 16.19 Supraoptic commissure dorsal 304.12 ventral 304.13 fibers 304.21 nucleus 302.18 Supraopticohypophysial tract

304.23 Supraorbital artery 202.13 border/margin frontal bone 18.7 orbit 32.15 nerve 320.24 notch/foramen 18.8 Suprapatellar bursa 104.20 Suprapleural membrane 152.9 Suprapyloric node 262.19

Suprarenal arteries inferior 220.18 middle 220.16 superior 216.21 gland 182.29

accessory 182.39 impression 130.13 plexus 348.22 vein left 246.29 right 246.32 Suprascapular artery 212.1 nerve 336.23 vein 238.6 Supraspinal ligaments 56.17 recess 298.7 Supraspinous fossa 34.8 Suprasternal bones 6.34 Supratonsillar fossa 116.16 Supratragic tubercle 386.29 Supratrochlear artery 202.20 lymph nodes 258.26 nerve 320.27 veins 236.7 Supravaginal part of cervix 168.16

Supraventricular crest 188.7 Supravesical fossa 180.14 Supreme intercostal, vein 234.19 nuchal line 8.25 Sura 402.15 Sural arteries 226.17 nerve 346.5 veins 252.13a Suspensory ligament of breast 394.31 of ovary 180.28 of penis (clitoris) 86.25 of vermiform appendix 178.9 muscle of duodenum 124.10 Sustentaculum tali 50.27 Sutura(-ae) 404.14 coronalis 54.2 cranii (craniales) 54.1 ethmoidolacrimalis 54.21 ethmoidomaxillaris 54.20 frontalis 18.6a, 54.11 frontoethmoidalis 54.15 frontolacrimalis 54.17 frontomaxillaris 54.16 frontonasalis 54.14 frontozygomatica 54.18 incisiva 24.5 intermaxillaris 54.30 internasalis 5426 lacrimoconchalis 54.29 lacrimomaxillaris 54.28 lambdoidea 54.4

Sutura(-ae) metopica 18.17a, 54.11 nasomaxillaris 54.27 occipitomastoidea 54.5 palatina mediana 54.33 transversa 54.34 palatoethmoidalis 54.32 palatomaxillaris 54.31 parietomastoidea 54.12 plana 404.17 sagittalis 54.3 serrata 404.15 sphenoethmoidalis 54.7 sphenofrontalis 54.6 sphenomaxillaris 54.24 sphenoparietalis 54.9 sphenosquamosa 54.8 sphenovomeriana 54.22 sphenozygomatica 54.23 squamosa 54.10, 404.16 squamosomastoidea 54.13 temporozygomatica 54.25 zygomaticomaxillaris 22.13, 54.19 Sutural bones 30.9 Suture 404.14 dentate 404.15 flat 404.17 Sweat glands 394.10 duct 394.13 eccrine 394.11 merocrine 394.11 pore 394.14 Sympathetic branch to submandibular ganglion 328.27 ganglion 407.19 root internal carotid plexus 320.11 pterygopalatine ganglion 322.16b system 350.21 trunk 350.22 ganglia 350.23 Symphyseal surface (pubis) 44.11 Symphysis 404.21 intervertebral 56.9 mandibulae (medialis) 26.14 menti 26.14 pubica 66.15 Synchondrosis(-es) 404.21 cranii (craniales) 56.1 intraoccipitalis 56.4a anterior 56.6 posterior 56.5 manubriosternalis 6.29 petro-occipitalis 56.4 spheno-ethmoidalis 56.7 spheno-occipitalis 52.2 sphenopetrosa 56.3 sternales 6.28

sternocostalis costae primae

58.26a xiphisternalis 6.30

Syndesmosis 404.13 radioulnaris 62.9 tibiofibularis 68.23 tympanostapedialis 382.21 Synovia 404.43 Synovial bursa(-ae) 100.19a, 405.30 of lower limb 104.4a of tensor veli palatini 102.2 of trochlea 364.12 of upper limb 102.5a fold 404.41

infrapatellar 68.10 joints 404.22

layer, tendon sheath 405.20 membrane 404.40 inferior 60.7 superior 60.6 sheath(-s) 405.18 of fingers 92.30 of tendon 405.20a of toes 100.19a, 100.20 villi 404.42 Systema alimentarium 108.1 conducens cordis 186.7a lymphaticum 254.1 nervosum 268.21 centrale 272.12, 406.50 periphericum 320.1, 407.1 respiratorium 134.17 skeletale 402.30 urogenitale 154.1 Systema nervorum autonomicum 348.1

Tactile corpuscles 390.24 elevations 390.6 menisci 390.26 Taenia(-ae) choroidea 314.10 coli 126.3 fornix 312.24 libera 126.6 mesocolica 126.4 omentalis 126.5 thalami 298.9 ventriculi quarti 288.7 Tail of caudate nucleus 316.25 of epididymis 160.4 of helix 386.14 of pancreas 128.13 Talocalcaneal ligament interosseus 70.20 lateral 70.14 medial 70.15 posterior 70.15a Talocalcaneonavicular joint

70.12 Talocrural joint 70.1

Talocrural region anterior 402.16 posterior 402.16 Talofibular ligament anterior 70.7 posterior 70.8 Talonavicular ligament 70.24 Talus 50.3 body 50.6 facet anterior 52.1 middle 52.2 posterior 52.3 head 50.4

lateral process 50.11 neck 50.5

posterior process 50.17 sulcus 50.13 Tangential fibers 316.9 Tapetum 312.14 Tarsal arteries dorsal 228.5 lateral 228.2 medial 228.3 bones 50.2 glands 366.21 joint, transverse 70.16 plate inferior 366.17 superior 366.16 Tarsometatarsal joints 72.9 ligaments dorsal 72.10 plantar 72.11 Tarsus 50.1, 402.23 inferior 366.17 superior 366.16 Taste bud 388.27 pore 388.28 Tectal lamina 292.13, 294.18 Tectobulbar tract 294.11 Tectorial membrane 58.8, 372.26 Tectospinal tract 276.32, 280.22,

284.22, 294.12 Tectum mesencephalicum

292.12, 294.17 Teeth 110.12 Tegmen tympani 14.2 ventriculi quarti 288.1 Tegmental nuclei 294.2 tract, central 294.26 wall 378.17 Tegmentum decussations 294.7 mesencephalicum 292.10 pontis 284.17 Tela choroidea ventriculi

Tela choroidea ventriculi quarti 272.2, 288.5 tertii 272.4, 298.8 subcutanea 390.19 submucosa 405.44 (bronchus) 148.3 (colon) 126.8 (esophagus) 120.11 (pharynx) 118.16 (small intestine) 122.26 (stomach) 122.10 (urinary bladder) 158.8 subserosa 122.4, 406.1 (gallbladder) 134.6 (liver) 130.31 (perimetrium) 168.27 (peritoneum) 176.25 (urinary bladder) 158.2 (uterine tube) 168.2 Telencephalon 306.1

sections 314.19a, 316.1 Temporal arteriole/venule of retina inferior 360.9 superior 360.8 artery anterior 204.26

deep 198.25 middle 198.6, 204.27

groove for 16.15 posterior 198.25a, 204.28 superficial 198.1 bone 12.14 petrous part 12.15 anterior surface 14.1 apex 12.25 inferior surface 14.23 posterior border 14.17 surface 14.11 superior border 12.9 squamous part 16.10 tympanic part 16.1 zygomatic process 16.16 branches of facial nerve 328.13 crest 28.10a fascia 80.21 fossa 30.11 gyrus(-i) inferior 308.24 middle 308.22 superior 308.19 transverse 308.18 line of frontal bone 18.12 inferior 16.29 superior 16.28 lobe 308.15 nerves, deep 324.16 operculum 308.20 pole 308.16 process 26.5 rami, superficial 324.30

Temporal region 398.13 sulcus(-i) inferior 308.23 superior 308.21 transverse 308.17 surface 10.25, 16.14, 18.10, 26.3 veins deep 236.25 middle 236.20 superficial 236.19 Temporomandibular joint 60.2 ligament 60.4 Temporopontine fibers 318.25 Temporozygomatic suture 54.25 Tendinous arch 405.28 of levator ani muscle 174.11 of pelvic fascia 174.27 of soleus muscle 96.18 intersections 86.3, 405.27 Tendo 405.17 calcaneus 96.19 conjunctivus 86.21 cricoesophageus 120.8 infundibuli 186.6a intermedius 405.27a Tendon 405.17 of lateral rectus at greater wing 364.18 sheath 405.18 of abductor pollicis longus 102.20 of extensor carpi radialis brevis 102.21 carpi radialis longus 102.21 carpi ulnaris 102.25 digiti minimi 102.24 digitorum 102.23 digitorum longus 106.11 hallucis longus 106.10 indicus 102.23 pollicis brevis 102.20 pollicis longus 102.22 of flexor carpi radialis 104.1 digitorum longus 106.12 hallucis longus 106.14 pollicis longus 104.3 for flexors in region of fingers 104.4 of the toes 106.20 of peroneus longus 106.19 of superior oblique muscle

102.1, 364.12 of tibialis anterior 106.9 posterior 106.13 Tenia(-ae) choroidea 314.10 of fornix 312.24 of fourth ventricle 288.7 of thalamus 298.9 Tenon's capsule 364.21

Tensor tympani muscle, semicanal 12.29 Tentorial branch of ophthalmic nerve

320.20 notch 268.28 Tentorium cerebelli 268.25 Terminal crest 186.17 ganglion 352.29 groove 186.16 line 44.26 nerve 352.27

corpuscles 390.21 notch 388.2

part of middle cerebral artery

204.29 phalanx 40.27

portion of posterior cerebral artery 208.1 secretory part of sweat gland

394.12 ventricle 272.18 Termini generales 396.1 Testicular artery 222.1 plexus 348.26 vein left 246.30 right 246.33 Testis 158.16 descent of 162.7 lobules 158.27 septa 158.26 Textus nervosus 408.17 Thalamic branch(-es) posterior cerebral artery 206.28 posterior communicating artery 208.21 fasciculus(-i) 300.21, 302.5 peduncle, inferior 302.8 radiations anterior 302.1, 318.9 central 302.2 posterior 302.3, 318.27 tract 300.21 Thalamolentiform part of internal capsule 318.14 Thalamoparietal fibers 318.19 Thalamostriate veins inferior 240.26 superior 242.4 Thalamus anterior nuclei 298.13 dorsal 296.20 medial nuclei 298.21 median nuclei 198.17 paratenial nucleus 298.20a reticular nucleus 298.12,

298.24, 300.18 sections 298.11 tenia 298.9

ventralis(subthalamus) 296.29

Theca(-ae) externa 166.21 folliculi 166.20 interna 166.22 Thenar eminence 400.40 Thigh bone 46.2 region 402.4 anterior 402.5 posterior 402.7 Third occipital nerve 334.20 Thoracic aorta 216.2 aortic plexus 348.4 artery internal 210.1 lateral 212.18 superior 212.11 bones 6.1 cardiac branches thoracic ganglia 352.15 vagus nerve 332.20 cavity 6.35a, 152.6 column 276.14 duct 254.17 arch 254.18 right 254.16 fascia 84.22 ganglia 352.14 inlet 6.36 muscles 84.1 nerves 340.16 long 336.21 outlet 6.37 part of esophagus 120.4 of thoracic duct 254.20 of trachea 144.19 pulmonary branches 352.15a sulcus 6.38 segment of spinal cord 274.7 skeleton 6.35

splanchnic ganglion 352.17 vein(-s) internal 234.14 lateral 244.14 vertebrae 2.24 Thoracoacromial artery 212.12 vein 244.12, 244.21 Thoracodorsal artery 212.21 nerve 340.12 vein 244.13a Thoracoepigastric veins 244.15 Thoracolumbar fascia 76.20 Thorax 6.1

joints 56.8, 58.9 Thumb 400.44

carpometacarpal joint 64.10 Thymic

I branches (internal thoracic artery) 210.3 lobules 182.26

Thymic veins 234.1 Thymus 182.23 cortex 182.27 medulla 182.28 right/left lobe 182.24 Thyroarytenoid muscle 142.20 Thyrocervical trunk 210.13 Thyroepiglottic ligament 142.7 muscle 142.19

part of thyroarytenoid muscle 142.20a Thyroglossal duct 114.13 Thyrohyoid branch of ansa cervicalis 334.26 ligament, lateral 138.27 membrane 138.25 median 138.26 Thyroid artery inferior 210.14 superior 194.10 cartilage 138.14

articular surface for 140.5 foramen 138.24 gland 182.2 accessory 182.6 isthmus 182.4 lymph nodes 256.21 notch inferior 138.18 superior 138.17 tubercle inferior 138.20 superior 138.19 veins inferior 232.30 middle 236.2 superior 236.1 Tibia 46.27 shaft 48.1 Tibial 396.40 artery anterior 226.22 posterior 228.8 collateral ligament 68.13 margin of foot 402.22 nerve 346.1 node anterior 266.21 posterior 266.22 tuberosity 48.2 veins anterior 252.16 posterior 252.21 Tibialis 396.40 Tibiocalcaneal part of medial

(deltoid) ligament 70.4 Tibiofibular joint 68.20, 68.23 ligament anterior 68.25 posterior 68.26 syndesmosis 68.23

Tibionavicular part of medial

(deltoid) ligament 70.3 Tibiotalar part of medial (deltoid) ligament anterior 70.5 posterior 70.6 Toes 52.23, 402.25 big toe 402.26 little toe 402.28 Tongue 112.28 apex 112.37 body 112.29 frenulum 114.2 median groove 114.10 mucous membrane 114.1 musculature 114.18 root 112.30 Tonsilla(-ae) cerebelli 288.38 lingualis 114.14 palatina 116.9 pharyngealis 116.27 tubaria 118.6 Tonsillar branch(-es) ascending palatine artery 196.9

glossopharyngeal nerve

330.29 lesser palatine nerves

322.24a posterior inferior cerebellar artery 206.14 crypts 116.11, 116.29 fossa 116.15 pits 116.10, 116.28 Toruli tactiles 390.6 Torus levatorius 118.5 mandibularis 26.23 palatinus 30.27 tubarius 118.3 Trabecula(-ae) carneae 186.1, 190.1a corporis spongiosi 164.15 corporum cavernosorum

164.14 septomarginalis 188.19 splenicae (lienales) 268.15 Trabecular bone 402.36 meshwork 354.27 Trachea 144.17

bifurcation 144.24 Tracheal branches inferior thyroid artery

210.19 internal thoracic artery

210.4a vagus nerve 332.16 cartilages 144.20 glands 144.27 muscle 144.21 veins 234.6

Tracheobronchial lymph nodes 260.13

inferior 260.16 superior 260.14 Tractus bulboreticulospinalis

276.30 corticonuclearis 318.12 corticospinalis (pyramidalis) anterior 276.22 lateralis 276.28 dentatothalamicus 302.4 dorsolateralis 278.5 frontopontinus 318.10 habenulointerpeduncularis

296.12 hypothalamici 304.10 hypothalamohypophysialis

304.20 iliotibialis 98.14 laterale 74.10a mediale 76.1

mesencephalicus nervi tri-geminalis 284.29, 292.26 olfactorius 310.28 olivocerebellaris 282.3 olivocochlearis 286.8 olivospinalis 276.33, 282.1 opticus 296.33 paraventriculohypophysialis 304.24

pontoreticulospinalis 276.31 reticulospinalis 276.24 rubrospinalis 276.29,

294.10 solitarius 282.9 spinalis nervi trigeminalis

280.25, 284.25 spino-olivaris 278.6, 282.2 spinocerebellaris anterior 278.3 posterior 278.4 spinoreticularis 278.7 spinotectalis 278.1 spinothalamicus 278.2

anterior 276.25 spiralis foraminosus 378.11 supraopticohypophysialis

304.23 tectobulbaris 294.11 tectospinalis 276.32, 280.22,

284.22, 294.12 tegmentalis centralis 294.26 thalamici 300.21 trigeminothalamicus 284.28 uvealis 356.12 vestibulospinalis 276.23 Tragus(-i) 386.23, 392.7 Transpyloric plane 398.3 Transversalis 396.9

fascia 86.28 Transverse 396.9, 396.28 arytenoid muscle 142.22 branch of lateral circumflex femoral artery 226.11

Transverse cervical artery 210.22 nerve 336.1 veins 238.7 colli nerve 336.1 colon 124.28 costal fovea 2.27 crest 378.8

diameter (pelvis) 44.31 ductules of epoophoron

170.19 facial artery 198.3 vein 236.21 fasciculi 92.25, 100.18 fissure of cerebrum 306.8 head of adductor hallucis 98.5 of adductor pollicis 92.8 ligament of axis 58.7 of knee 68.6 lines 4.25 mesocolon 178.5 muscle of tongue 114.25 occipital sulcus 308.12 palatine folds 108.29 suture 54.34 part of nasal muscle 78.14 of portal vein of liver248.6 perineal ligament 176.7 pontine fibers 284.14 process 2.12 rectal folds 126.23 ridge, tooth 110.17 sinus 238.9 groove for 8.32 of pericardium 184.8 sulcus of anthelix 388.4 tarsal (midtarsal) joint 70.16 temporal gyri 308.18 sulci 308.17 vesical fold 180.20 Transversus 396.28 Trapezium 40.9 tubercle 40.10 Trapezoid 40.11 body 286.14 anterior nucleus 286.15 posterior nucleus 286.16 ligament 60.20 line 34.34 Triangular fold 116.13 fossa 386.16

eminence 388.9 fovea 140.18 ligament left 178.24 right 178.23 muscle 405.7

Triangular part of inferior frontal gyrus

306.33 ridge, tooth 110.18 Tricuspid valve, right 188.3 Trigeminal ganglion 320.17 impression 12.8

lemniscus 284.28,294.16,300.25 nerve 320.15 mesencephalic nucleus 284.30 tract 284.29, 292.26 motor nucleus 286.1 pontine nucleus 284.27 sensory root 320.16 spinal nucleus 280.26, 284.26 tract 280.26, 284.25 tubercle 280.3 Trigeminothalamic tract 284.28 Trigonum caroticum 398.25 cervicalis anterius 398.23 posterius 398.30 clavipectorale 398.36 collaterale 314.15 femorale 98.23, 402.6 fibrosum dextrum/sinistrum 186.5

habenulae (habenulare) 296.6 inguinale 180.17 lemnisci 292.18 lumbale 86.27 lumbare 400.14 musculare 398.26 nervi hypoglossi 286.31 vagi 286.33 olfactorium 310.29 omoclaviculare 398.31 omotracheale 398.26 pontocerebellare 284.6 submandibulare 398.24 submentale 398.27 vesicae 158.10 Triquetrum 40.7 Trochanter major 46.6 minor 46.8 tertius 46.9 Trochanteric bursa(-ae) of gluteus maximus 104.6 of gluteus medius 104.7 of gluteus minimus 104.8 fossa 46.7 Trochlea 364.11 humeri 36.24 muscularis 405.29 peronealis (fibularis) 52.5 of phalanx 40.31 synovial bursa 364.12 tali (talare) 50.7

Trochlear fovea 18.24 nerve 320.13 decussation 294.25, 320.14 nucleus 292.30 notch 38.22 spine 18.23 Trochoidal joint 404.30 True ribs 6.3 Truncus(-i) 186.11, 312.8 brachial plexus 336.13 brachiocephalicus 194.4 bronchomediastinalis dexter/

sinister 254.12 coeliacus 216.28 costocervicalis 212.3 encephali 278.15 inferior 336.16 intestinales 254.11 jugularis dexter/sinister 254.14 linguofacialis 196.6 lumbaris dexter/sinister 254.10 lumbosacralis 344.7 lymphatici 254.9 medius 336.15 nervi accessorii 332.34 spinalis 334.8 pulmonalis 190.11 subclavius dexter/sinister

254.13 superior 336.14 sympatheticus 350.22 thyrocervicalis 210.13 vagalis anterior 332.24 posterior 332.25 Trunks 312.8 brachial plexus 336.13 upper 336.14 Tuba auditoria (auditiva) 384.13 uterina 166.29 Tubal branch(-es) ovarian artery 222.4a tympanic plexus 330.23 uterine artery 224.5 extremity 166.12 tonsil 118.6 Tuber(-a) calcanei 50.23 cinereum 296.37 frontale 18.4

ischiadicum (ischiale) 44.4 maxillare 22.17 omentale 128.12, 130.7 parietale 16.30 of vermis 288.28 Tuberal nuclei 302.23 Tuberculum(-a) adductorium 46.23

Ianterius 2.19 atlantis 4.7 thalamicum 296.22

Tuberculum(-a) articulare 16.22 auriculare 386.26 calcanei 50.26 caroticum 2.21 conoideum 34.33 corniculatum 140.29, 142.9 costae 6.14 cuneatum 280.5 cuneiforme 142.2 dentis 110.16 dorsale 38.15 epiglotticum 142.5 gracile 280.7 iliacum 42.17 infraglenoidale 34.21 intercondylare laterale 46.36 mediale 46.35 intervenosum 186.25 jugulare 8.18 laterale (talus) 50.20 lip 108.8

majus (humerus) 36.6 marginale 26.7 mediale (talus) 50.19 mentale 26.16 minus (humerus) 36.7 musculi scaleni anterioris 6.18 obturatorium anterius 44.18 posterius 44.19 ossis scaphoidei 40.5 trapezii 40.11 pharyngeum 8.8 posterius 2.20, 4.10 pubicum 44.10 quadratum 46.10a sellae 10.6

supraglenoidale 34.22 supratragicum 386.29 thyroideum inferius 138.20 superior 138.19 trigeminale 280.3 Tuberositas(-tes) deltoidea 36.21 glutealis 46.17 iliaca 42.31

ligamenti coracoclavicularis

34.31a masseterica 28.4 musculi serrati anterioris 6.21 ossis cuboidei 52.14 metatarsalis primi (I) 52.21 quinti (V) 52.22 navicularis 52.8 phalangis distalis 40.28, 52.28 pronatoria 38.11a pterygoidea 28.5 radii 38.7 sacralis 4.23

Tuberositas(-tes) tibiae 48.2 ulnae 38.21 Tubulus(-i) renalis(-es) 154.22 contorti 154.23 recti 154.24 seminiferi contorti 158.29 recti 158.30 Tunica(-ae) adventitia 120.6, 405.39 (ductus deferens) 160.16 (seminal vesicle) 160.21 (ureter) 156.22 albuginea 158.24, 405.37 corporis spongiosi 164.12 corporum cavernosum

164.11 (ovary) 166.14 conjunctiva 366.24 bulbaris 368.1 palpebralis 368.2 externa 406.31 fibrosa 130.31, 405.38 bulbi 354.23 (spleen) 268.14 funiculi spermatici 160.26 interna bulbi 358.18 intima 406.32 media 406.33 mucosa 405.40 (auditory tube) 384.24 (bronchus) 148.4 cavitatis tympanicae 384.4 (colon) 126.9 (ductus deferens) 160.18 (endometrium) 168.29 (esophagus) 120.12 (gallbladder) 134.8 (larynx) 144.14 linguae 114.1 nasi 136.14 oris 108.19 (pharynx) 118.17 (seminal vesicle) 160.23 (small intestine) 122.27 (stomach) 122.11 (trachea) 144.26 (ureter) 156.24 (urethra) 172.17 (urinary bladder) 158.9 (uterine tube) 168.4 (vagina) 170.11 muscularis 120.7, 405.45 (bronchus) 148.2 (colon) 126.1 dartos 166.4 (ductus deferens) 160.17 (gallbladder) 134.7 (myometrium) 168.28 pharyngis 118.19 (rectum) 126.17 (seminal vesicle) 160.22 (small intestine) 122.23

Tunica(-ae) muscularis (stomach) 122.5 (ureter) 156.23 (urethra) 172.15 (urinary bladder) 158.3 (uterine tube) 168.3 (vagina) 170.10 serosa 122.3, 122.21, 405.48 (gallbladder) 134.5 (liver) 130.29 (perimetrium) 168.26 (peritoneum) 176.24 (spleen) 268.13 (urinary bladder) 158.1 (uterine tube) 168.1 spongiosa (urethra) 172.16 (vagina) 170.16a subserosa 122.22 vaginalis communis 160.30 testis 158.23, 162.1 vasculosa bulbi 356.12 Turkish saddle 10.5 Tympanic aperture of canaliculus of chorda tympani 380.16 artery anterior 198.11 inferior 194.20 posterior 196.24 superior 198.19 canaliculus 14.28 cavity 14.30, 378.16 mucous membrane 384.4 roof 14.2 cells 380.18 enlargement 330.21 ganglion 330.21 groove 16.7

lip of limb of osseous spiral lamina 372.25 membrane 380.21 recess 284.7a anterior 384.8 posterior 384.10 superior 384.9 secondary 380.6 umbo 380.28 nerve 330.20 notch 16.8, 386.3a ostium of auditory tube 384.14

part of temporal bone 16.1 plexus 330.22

tubal branch 330.23 ring 16.2 sinus 380.1 spine greater 16.5 lesser 16.6 veins 236.30

wall of cochlear duct 372.18 Tympanomastoid fissure 14.34

Tympanostapedial syndesmosis 3B2.21

Ulna 38.18 body 38.24 head 38.32 Ulnar 396.38 artery 214.14 branches of medial ante-brachial cutaneous nerve 338.7 collateral ligament 62.5

carpal 62.22 head of extensor carpi ulnaris 90.20

of flexor carpi ulnaris 90.5 of pronator teres 88.28 nerve 338.17

groove for 36.29 notch 38.16 recurrent artery 214.15 tuberosity 38.21 veins 244.18 Ulnaris 396.38 Ulnocarpal ligament, palmar 62.20 Umbilical artery 222.26 cord 172.30 fold lateral 180.18 medial 180.15 median 180.13 ligament, medial 222.30 part of portal vein of liver

248.8 region 400.5 ring 86.23 vein, left 248.12 Umbo, membranae tympani

380.28 Uncal process 2.17 Uncinate fasciculus 316.18 process 20.16, 128.3 Uncus 2.17, 310.16

corporis 2.17 Unguis 392.20 Unipennate muscle 405.8 Upper 396.19 anterior segment of kidney

154.18 arm 400.20

branch to lower lobe of left pulmonary artery 190.37 eyelid 366.3

lingular branch, left pulmonary artery 190.35 lip 108.6

lobe of lung 148.23 left lung 150.16 right lung 150.2

Upper margin, spleen 268.10 omental recess 176.32 pelvic aperture 44.27 pole of kidney 154.10 trunk 336.14 Urachus 156.31 Ureter 156.19 abdominal part 156.20 pelvic part 156.21 Ureteric branches artery of ductus deferens 222.28 ovarian artery 222.4 testicular artery 222.2 plexus 348.25 Urethra feminina 172.13 masculina 164.23 membranous part 164.29 navicular fossa 164.31 spongy part 164.30 Urethral artery 224.13 carina of vagina 170.16 crest 164.25, 172.21 glands 164.35, 172.18 lacunae 164.34, 172.19 surface of penis 162.32 Urinary bladder 156.25 apex 156.26 body 156.27 cervix (neck) 156.29 fundus 156.28 trigone 158.10 uvula 158.14 organs 154.2 Uriniferous tubule (nephron) 154.22

convoluted 154.23 Urogenital diaphragm 176.1 inferior fascia 176.6 superior fascia 176.5 peritoneum 180.22 region 400.17 sinus, primitive 172.34 system 154.1 Uteric branches of renal artery 220.26 Uterine artery 224.2 extremity 166.13 glands 168.30 part of placenta 172.28 tube 166.29 abdominal opening 166.30 ampulla 166.34 fimbriae 166.32 infundibulum 166.31 isthmus 166.35 uterine opening 166.37 uterine part 166.36

Uterine veins 250.13 venous plexus 250.14 Uterovaginal plexus 350.16 Uterus 168.6 body 168.7

broad ligament 180.24 cavity 168.12 fundus 168.8 right/left horn 168.9 Utricle (utriculus) 370.10 Utricular macula 372.4 nerve 330.9 Utriculoampullar nerve 330.8 Utriculosaccular duct 370.9 Utriculus prostaticus 164.27 Uveal part of trabecular meshwork

254.29 tract 356.12 Uvula palatina 116.5 vermis 288.30 vesicae 158.14

Vagal trunk anterior 332.24 posterior 332.25 Vagina(-ae) 170.1 anterior wall 170.6 bulbi 364.21 carotica 82.25 communis musculum flex-

orum 104.2 externa (nervus opticus) 354.12 fibrosae digitorum manus 92.27 tendinum digitorum pedis 100.22

interna (nervus opticus) 354.13 musculi extensoris carpi radialis brevis 102.26 recti abdominis 86.4 orifice 172.1 posterior wall 170.7 synovialis(-es) 100.19a digitorum manus 92.30 tendinum 405.20a digitorum pedis 100.20 tendinum(-is) 405.18 digitorum manus 104.4 pedis 106.20 intertubercularis 88.14 musculi abductoris longi 102.20 extensoris brevis pollicis 102.20

I carpi ulnaris 102.25

digiti minimi 102.24 digitorum 102.23

Vagina(-ae) tendinum(-is) musculi extensoris digitorum pedis longi 106.11 hallucis longi 106.10 indicis 102.23 pollicis longi 102.22 extensorum carpi radialium 102.21 flexoris carpi radialis 104.1 digitorum pedis longi 106.12 hallucis longi 106.14 pollicis longi 104.3 obliqui superioris 102.1,

364.12 peronei (fibularis) longi plantaris 106.19 peroneorum (fibularium)

communis 106.15 tibialis anterioris 106.9 posterioris 106.13 vestibule 170.32 fossa 170.33 Vaginal artery 224.6 branches middle rectal artery 224.7a uterine artery 224.3 nerves 350.17 part of cervix 168.17 process 12.7, 16.9

of peritoneum 168.33, 180.23 venous plexus 250.15 Vagus nerve 332.1 dorsal nucleus 282.7 trigone 286.33 Vallate papillae 114.7 Vallecula 288.14

epiglottica 118.9 Vallum unguis 392.25 Valva 406.34 aorta 190.2 atrioventricularis dextra 188.3 sinistra 188.26 ileocaecalis (ilealis) 124.19 mitralis 188.26 tricuspidalis 188.3 trunci pulmonalis 188.10 Valve 406.34

of veins 406.36 Valvula(-ae) anales 126.27 Eustachii 186.26 foraminis ovalis 188.22 fossa navicularis 164.32 lymphatica 406.35 semilunaris anterior 188.11 dextra 188.12, 190.4

Valvula(-ae) semilunaris posterior 190.3 sinistra 188.13, 190.5 sinus coronarii 186.27 Thebesii 186.27 venae cavae, inferioris 186.26 venosa 406.36 Vas(-a) afferens 156.5 anastomoticum 406.37 auris internae 374.10 capillare 406.38 collaterale 406.39 efferens 156.6 lymphatica (lymphaticum) 254.2, 254.5, 406.30 afferens 254.24 efferens 254.25 profundum 254.8 superficiale 254.7 lymphocapillare 254.3 prominens 374.7 recta 156.8

sanguinae retinae 360.6 sinusoideum 406.41 spirale 374.2 vasorum 406.42 Vascular cecal fold 180.3 lacuna 98.22 lamina 356.16 plexus 406.24, 408.13a tunic of eyeball 356.12 Vater-Pacini corpuscles 390.23 Vein(-s) 230.1, 406.43 of brain stem 242.13 of bulb of penis 250.22 of bulb of vestibule 250.22 of caudate nucleus 242.9 of cochlear aqueduct 234.23,

374.19 of Galen 242.1

of lateral recess of fourth ventricle 242.17 of medulla oblongata 242.16 of olfactory gyrus 240.27 of pterygoid canal 236.26 of uncus 240.17 of vertebral column 246.16a of vestibular aqueduct 374.18 Velum medullare inferius 288.4 superius 288.2 palatinum 108.17, 116.4 Vena(-ae) 230.1, 406.43 adrenalis dextra 246.32 sinistra 246.29 anastomotica inferior 240.20 superior 240.19 angularis 236.6

Vena(-ae) anterior(-es) cerebri 240.23 septi pellucidi 242.5 appendicularis 248.26 aqueductus cochleae 234.23, 374.19 vestibuli 374.18 arcuatae 156.11 articulares 236.29 atriales dextrae 232.24 sinistrae 232.24 atrioventriculares 232.26 auricularis(-es) anteriores 236.27 posterior 238.3 axillaris 244.13 azygos 246.1 basalis 240.22 communis 230.21, 232.8 inferior 230.26, 232.13 superior 230.22, 232.9 basilica 244.23 basivertebrales 249.19 brachiales 244.17 brachiocephalicae (dextra/sin-

istra) 232.28 bronchiales 234.5, 246.6 bulbi penis/vestibuli 250.22 canalis pterygoidei 236.26 capsulares 246.28a cardiaca minimae 232.23 parva 232.21 cava inferior 246.21 foramen 84.32 opening 186.24 valve 186.26 left, fold of 232.19 superior 232.27 opening 186.24 cavernosae 164.19 centralis(-es) 132.5, 182.36

retinae 244.4 cephalica 244.20

accessoria 244.22 cerebelli 242.18 cerebri 240.9

cervicalis profunda 234.13 choroidea inferior 240.29 superior 242.3 ciliares 244.1

anteriores 244.2 circumflexa(-ae) anterior humeralis 244.13a iliaca profunda 250.25 superficialis 252.3 laterales femorales 252.11 mediales femorales 252.10 posterior humeralis 244.13a scapulae 244.13a

Vena(-ae) colica dextra 248.27 media 248.28 sinistra 248.34 columnae vertebralis 246.16a comitans 406.44

nervi hypoglossi 234.30 conjunctivales 244.7 cordis 232.14 coronaria dextra 232.20b sinistra 232.16a cutanea 406.45 cystica 248.15 digitales dorsales pedis 252.19 palmares 244.31 plantares 252.26 diploica(-ae) 238.24 frontalis 238.25 occipitalis 238.28 temporalis anterior 238.26 posterior 238.27 directae laterales 242.10 dorsalis(-es) corporis callosi 242.12 linguae 234.29 profunda clitoridis 250.12 penis 250.11 superficiales clitoridis 252.5 penis 252.5 emissaria(-ae) 240.1, 406.46 condylaris 240.4 mastoidea 240.3 occipitalis 240.5 parietalis 240.2 epigastrica(-ae) inferior 250.24 superficialis 252.4 superiores 234.15 episclerales 244.5 ethmoidales 242.27 facialis 236.5 femoralis 252.1 fibulares 252.22 frontalis(-es) 236.7, 240.13 gastrica(-ae) brevis 248.31 dextra 248.18 sinistra 248.17 gastro-omentalis (epiploica) dextra 248.22 sinistra 248.32 geniculares 252.14 gluteales inferiores 250.3 superiores 250.2 gyri olfactorii 240.27 hemiazygos 246.3 accessoria 246.4 oesophageales 246.5

Vena(-ae) hepaticae 246.24 dextrae 246.25 intermediae 246.26 sinistrae 246.27 hypogastrica 250.1 ileales 248.21a ileocolica 248.25 iliaca communis 248.37 externa 250.23 interna 250.1 iliolumbalis 248.39 inferior(-es) cerebelli 242.22 cerebri 240.16 vermis 242.20 insulares 240.25

intercapitulares 244.29, 252.26a intercostalis(-es) anteriores 234.18 posterior 246.13 superior dextra 246.2 sinistra 234.20 suprema 234.19 interlobares 156.10 interlobulares 132.4, 156.12 internae cerebri 242.2 interosseae anteriores 244.19a posteriores 244.19b interventricularis anterior

232.16 intervertebralis 246.15 jejunales 248.21 jugularis anterior 238.4 externa 238.1 interna 234.21 labialis(-es) anteriores 252.6 inferiores 236.13 posteriores 250.21 superior 236.12 labyrinthales 238.19 labyrinthinae 374.15 lacrimalis 242.28 laryngea inferior 232.31 superior 236.4 lateralis atrii ventriculi later-

alis 242.8 lingualis 234.28 lumbalis(-es) 246.11, 246.23

ascendens 246.10 magna cerebri 242.1 marginalis dextra 232.20a lateralis 252.26b medialis 252.26c maxillares 236.22 media profunda cerebri 240.24 superficialis cerebri 240.18

Vena(-ae) medialis atrii ventriculi later-

alis 242.7 mediana antebrachii 244.2S basilica 244.27 cephalica 244.26 cubiti 244.24 mediastinales 234.4, 246.B medullae oblongatae 242.16 spinalis 246.20 membri superioris 244.Ba meningeae 234.27

mediae 236.24 mesenterica inferior 24B.33 superior 24B.20 metacarpales dorsales 244.33 palmares 244.34 metatarsales dorsales 2S2.20 plantares 2S2.2S musculophrenicae 234.17 nasales externae 236.10 nasofrontalis 242.26 nuclei caudati 242.g obliqua atrii sinistri 2321 obturatoria(-ae) 2S0.4

accessoria 2S0.24a occipitalis(-es) 234.g, 23B.2,

240.1S oesophageales 234.7 ophthalmica inferior 244.B superior 242.2S orbitae 242.24a ovarica dextra 246.34 sinistra 246.31 palatina externa 236.16 palpebrales 244.6 inferiores 236.11 superiores 236.g pancreaticae 24B.23, 24B.30 pancreaticoduodenales 24B.24 paraumbilicales 24B.16 parietales 240.14 parotideae 237.2B pectorales 244.10 pedunculares 240.30 perforantes 2S2.12, 2S2.2l pericardiacae 234.2 pericardiacophrenicae 234.3 pericardiales 246.7 petrosa 242.24 pharyngeales 234.26 phrenicae inferiores 246.22 superiores 246.g pontis 242.1S

I pontomesencephalic anterior 242.14 poplitea 2S2.13

Vena(-ae) portae hepatis 248.1 portales hypophysialis 240.8a posterior(-es) corporis callosi 242.11 septi pellucidi 242.6 praecentralis cerebelli 242.23 praefrontales 240.12 praepylorica 248.19 profunda(-ae) 406.47 cerebri 240.21 clitoridis 250.18 faciei (facialis) 236.14 femoris 252.9 linguae 234.32 membri inferioris 252.0b superioris 244.16b penis 250.17 pudenda(-ae) externae 252.2 interna 250.16 pulmonalis(-es) 230.2 dextra 230.3 inferior 230.17 superior 230.4 sinistra inferior 232.4 superior 230.27, 230.28 radiales 244.19 recessus lateralis ventriculi quarti 242.17 rectalis(-es) inferiores 250.20 mediae 250.19 superior 248.36 renales 156.9, 246.28 retromandibularis 236.18 sacralis(-es) laterales 250.5 mediana 248.38 saphena accessoria 252.8 magna 252.7 parva 252.15 scapularis dorsalis 244.11 sclerales 244.3 scrotales anteriores 252.6 posteriores 250.21 sigmoideae 248.35 spinales anteriores 246.20a posteriores 246.20b spiralis modioli 374.16 splenica 248.29 sternocleidomastoidea 236.3 stylomastoidea 236.31 subclavia(-ae) 244.9

sulcus 6.20 subcostales 246.12 subcutaneae abdominis

234.16 sublingualis 234.31 submentalis 236.17

Vena(-ae) subscapularis 244.13a superficiales 406.48 cerebri 240.10 membri inferioris 252.0a superioris 244.16a superior(-es) cerebelli 242.21 cerebri 240.11 vermis 242.19 supraorbitalis 236.8 suprarenalis dextra 246.32 sinistra 246.29 suprascapularis 238.6 supratrochleares 236.7 surales 252.13a temporalis(-es) media 236.20 profundae 236.25 superficiales 236.19 testicularis dextra 246.33 sinistra 246.30 thalamostriata(-ae) inferiores 240.26 superior 242.4 thoracica(-ae) internae 234.14 lateralis 244.14 thoracoacromialis 244.12,

244.21 thoracodorsalis 244.13a thoracoepigastricae 244.15 thymicae 234.1 thyroidea(-e) inferiores 232.29 mediae 236.2 superior 236.1 tibiales anteriores 252.16 posteriores 252.21 tracheales 234.6 transversa(-ae) cervicis 238.7 faciei (facialis) 236.21 trunci encephali 242.13 tympanicae 236.30 ulnares 244.18 umbilicalis sinistra 248.12 unci 240.17 uterinae 250.13 ventricularis(-es) 232.25

inferior 240.28 ventriculi dextri, anterior 232.22 sinistri, posterior 232.17 vertebralis 234.8 accessoria 234.11 anterior 234.10 vesicales 250.8 vestibulares 374.17 vorticosae 242.29

Venous grooves 30.7 plexus 406.25 anterior external vertebral246.17 internal vertebral 246.18 of foramen ovale 240.7 of hypoglossal canal 240.6 of internal carotid 240.8 posterior external vertebral 246.17 internal vertebral 246.18 prostatic 250.10 rectal 250.7 sacral 250.6 uterine 250.14 vaginal 250.15 vesical 250.9 Venter anterior (musculi digastricus) 82.8 frontalis (musculi occipitofrontalis) 78.8 inferior (musculi omohyoideus) 82.17 (muscle) 405.4 occipitalis (musculi occipitofrontalis) 78.9 posterior (musculi digastricus) 82.9 superior (musculi omohyoideus) 82.16 Ventral 396.15 branch great auricular nerve 334.30 spinal nerve 334.9, 334.21 region of hypothalamus 302.16 root 334.5

sacrococcygeal ligament 56.24 sacrococcygeus muscle 88.3 sacroiliac ligaments 66.12 side of fingers 400.49 supraoptic commissure 394.13 thalamus (subthalamus) 296.29

sections 300.14 Ventralis 396.15 Ventricle left 184.21, 188.24 right 184.21, 188.1 third 298.1 Ventricular fold 142.29 veins 232.25 inferior 240.28 Ventriculus(-i) 120.15 cordis 184.21 laryngis 144.1 lateralis 314.1 quartus 286.19 sinister 188.24 terminalis 272.18 tertius 298.1 Ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus 304.1

Venula(-ae) 406.49 macularis inferior 360.13 superior 360.12 medialis retinae 360.14 nasalis retinae inferior 360.11 superior 360.10 rectae 156.13 stellatae 156.14 temporalis retinae inferior 360.9 superior 360.8 Venule 406.49 Vermiform appendix 124.22 suspensory ligament 178.9 Vermis cerebelli 288.16 folium 288.27 pyramid 288.29 tuber 288.28 Vertebra(-ae) 2.1a body 2.3 cervicales 2.16 coccygeal 4.37 lumbales (lumbares) 2.28 prominens (C7) 2.23 sacrales 4.16 thoracicae 2.24 Vertebral arch 2.4 artery 206.2 sulcus 4.9 canal 2.2 column 2.1

joints 56.8 foramen 2.10 ganglion 352.6 nerve 352.12 notch inferior 2.9 superior 2.8 part of lung 148.12 of vertebral artery 206.4 plexus 352.12 region 400.9 vein 234.8 accessory 234.11 anterior 234.10 Vertex 28.30

corneae 346.4 Vertical 396.2

muscle of tongue 114.26 Verticalis 396.2 Vesica biliaris (fellea) 134.1 urinaria 156.25 Vesical arteries inferior 224.1 superior 222.29 fold, transverse 180.20 plexus 350.18 surface of uterus 168.13

Vesical veins 250.8 venous plexus 250.9 Vesicouterine pouch 180.32 Vesicula seminalis 160.20 Vesicular lymph nodes, lateral 266.9

ovarian follicles 166.19 Vestibular area 286.26

branches of labyrinthine artery

374.12 cecum 372.17 fold 142.29 ganglion 330.5 inferior part 330.12 upper part 330.7 glands greater 172.3 lesser 172.2 labyrinth 370.6 ligament 144.11 lip of limb of osseous spiral lamina 372.24 membrane 374.3 nerve 330.2, 330.4 nuclei 282.12, 286.9 inferior 282.13 lateral 282.15, 286.11 medial 282.14, 286.10 superior 286.12 veins 374.17 wall of cochlear duct 374.3 Vestibule 374.21 aqueduct 14.15

external opening 14.16 crest 374.24 elliptical recess 374.23 of larynx 142.27 of mouth 108.3 of nose 136.8 pyramid 374.25 spherical recess 374.22 of vagina 170.32 bulb 170.34 fossa 170.33 Vestibulocochlear nerve 330.1 organ 370.1 Vestibulospinal tract 276.23 Vestibulum(-a) 384.21 bursae omentalis 176.31 crest 374.24 elliptical recess 374.23 laryngis 142.27 nasi (nasale) 136.8 oris 108.3 pyramid 374.25 spherical recess 374.22 vaginae 170.32 Vestigial ductus deferens 170.22 Vestigium processus vaginalis 160.31

Vibrissae 392.8 Vidian canal 12.12 Villi intestinales 122.30 synoviales 404.42 Villous folds 122.15 Vinculum(-a) breve 92.33 longum 92.32 tendinum 92.31, 100.21 Visceral ganglia 407.16 layer 184.6 of tunica vaginalis testis 162.3 nerve fibers 407.9 nodes 262.13

of pelvis 266.5 pelvic fascia 174.21 peritoneum 176.26 pleura 152.14 plexus 348.2, 408.13 surface of liver 130.1 of spleen 268.4 Viscerocranium 8.1a Vitreous body 362.4 chamber of eye 362.3 humor 362.9a membrane 362.8 Vocal fold 144.5 ligament 144.13 process 140.14 Volar 396.42 Volaris 396.42 Vomer 20.28 ala 20.29

choanal crest 20.30a cuneiform part 20.30b

Vomeronasal cartilage 134.32 organ 136.7 Vomerorostral canal 30.30 Vomerovaginal canal 30.29 groove 12.9 Vortex cordis 186.2 Vortices pilorum 392.18 Vorticose veins 242.29

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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