1 Lateral margin. Margo lateralis. Lateral margin of nail lying beneath the nail wall. B
2 Free margin. Margo liber. Anterior, free margin of nail. It corresponds to the abrasive or cutting edge ofthe nail. B
3 Perionyx. Projecting edge of the eponychium covering the proximal strip of the lunula. A
4 Eponychium. Cuticle. The small band of epithelium that extends from the posterior nail wall onto the base of a nail. A
5 Hyponychium. Epithelium of nail bed located beneath the nail. Its posterior portion in the re-gionofthelunulaandnailrootformthematrix.A
6 Stratum corneum unguis. Already cornified part of nail. A
7 Stratum germinativum unguis. Layer of nail bed epithelium still undergoing cell proliferation. A
8 [[Retinacula unguis]]. Anchoring tracts of connective tissue extending from the nail bed to the periosteum of the nail segement. A
9 Cutaneous glands. Glandulae cutis. Glands arising from the epidermis and standing in close relationship to the skin.
10 Sweat glands. [[Gll. glomiformes]]. Collective term for the small eccrine sweat glands and the large apocrine sweat or odoriferous glands.
11 Eccrine (merocrine) sweat (sudoriferous) glands. Gll. sudorifer merocrina (eccrina). Ec-crine sweat glands, as opposed to the apocrine sweat glands of the anal, genital and axillary regions. E
12 Terminal secretory part. Portio terminalis. Coiled, secretory body of a sweat gland lying in thesubcutaneoustissueorinthedeepportionof the dermis. E F
13 Sweat gland duct. Ductus sudorifer. Excretory duct passing to the surface. It is shaped like a corkscrew within the highly cornified squamous epithelium of palms and soles and opens on the dermal ridges. E F
14 Pore of sweat gland. Porus sudorifer. Opening oftheexcretoryductofasweatglandontheskin. E
15 Circumanal glands. Gll. circumanales. Large apocrine sweat glands grouped around the anus.
16 Ceruminous glands. Gll.ceruminosae.Apocrine glands that secrete a proteinaceous material called cerumen (ear wax).
117 Sebaceous glands. Gll. sebaceae. Holocrine glands opening into the hair follicles. F
18 Breast. Mamma. It consists of glandular tissue, connective tissue tracts and fat. D
19 Nipple. Papilla mammae. It contains openings of the lactiferous ducts and smooth muscle tissue. D
20 Body of mammary gland. Corpus mammae. Glandular body surrounded by adipose tissue.
Mammary gland. Glandula mammaria. Glandular tissue of female breast. D Lateral (axillary) process; axillary tail. Processus lateralis (axillaris). Glandular process extending toward the axilla. Lobes of mammary gland. Lobi glandulae mammariae. 15-20 conical lobes. D Lobules of mammary gland. Lobuli glandulae mammariae. Subdivisions of each lobe produced by connective tissue septa. D Lactiferous ducts. Ductus lactiferi. Excretory ducts, 15-20, one from each lobe. They have a diameter of 1.7-2.3 mm and open on the nipple. D Lactiferous sinus. Sinus lactiferi. Spindle-shaped dilatation of the lactiferous duct with a diameter of 5-8 mm shortly before opening at the apex of the nipple. D
Areola mammae. Round, pigmented area around the nipple with a ring of small, rounded papillae produced by the areolar glands. D Areolar glands (of Montgomery). Glanduale areolares. 10-15 apocrine glands in the region of the areola. D
Male mammary gland. Mamma masculina. Rudimentary mammary gland of the male. Accessory mammary glands. [Mammae acces-soriae]. The acessory mammary glands lying along the embryonic milk ridge. C Suspensory ligaments of breast. Ligg. suspensoria mammaria. Tracts of connective tissue from the skin of the breast to the pectoral fascia with which they are united by a thin layer of loose displaceable tissue. D
1 igeneral terminology. Termini generales.
2 Vertical (perpendicular). Verticalis.
3 Horizontal. Horizontalis.
4 Median. Medianus. Lying in the midline (mid-sagittal plane).
5 Coronal. Coronalis. Lying in the plane of the coronal suture. A
6 Sagittal. Sagittalis. Lying in the plane of the sagittal suture. A
7 Right. Dexter.
8 Left. Sinister.
9 Transverse. Transversalis. Situated at right angles to the long axis of a part.
10 Medial. Medialis. Lying close to the median plane.
11 Intermediate. Lying between two structures.
12 Lateral. Lateralis. Situated toward the side.
13 Anterior. Situated in front of.
14 Posterior. Situated behind.
15 Ventral (anterior). Ventralis. Toward the belly.
16 Dorsal (posterior). Dorsalis. Toward the back.
17 Frontal. Frontalis. 1. Pertaining to the forehead; 2. Plane separating the body into front and back parts (frontal or coronla plane). A
18 Occipital. Occipitalis. Pertaining to the occiput.
19 Upper. Superior.
20 Lower. Inferior.
21 Cranial. Cranialis. Pertaining to the head; toward the head.
22 Caudal. Caudalis. Situated toward the tail.
23 Rostral. Rostralis. Located toward the rostrum of the corpus callosum.
24 Apical. Apicalis. Pertaining to or located at the apex.
25 Basal. Basalis. Pertaining to or located at the base.
26 Basilar. Basilaris. Pertaining to the base of the skull.
27 Middle. Medius.
28 Transverse. Transversus.
29 Longitudinal. Longitudinalis. Running longi-
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