Palmate folds. Plicae palmatae. Mucosal folds in the cervix organized like leaves of a palm tree. C
Cervical glands Gll.cervicalis(uteri).Branched, tubular mucous glands in the mucosa ofthecer-vix.
Parametrium. Connective tissue between the two layers of the broad ligament. A Paracervix. Continuation of the parametrium into the cervical region.
Tunica serosa (perimetrium). Peritoneal covering ofthe uterus. A
Tela subserosa. Connective tissue layer beneath the peritoneal covering ofthe uterus. A Tunica muscularis (myometrium). Very thick muscular layer ofthe wall ofthe uterus. Its fibers are arranged in a spiral system. A Tunica mucosa (endometrium). Mucous membrane of uterus lined by simple columnar epithelium and glands. It undergoes changes corresponding to the menstrual cycle. A Uterine glands. Gll.uterinae.Simple,branched, tubular glands within the endometrium. A M. recto-uterinus. Smooth muscle within the rectouterine fold. C
Round ligament of uterus. Lig. teres uteri. Derived from the caudal gonadal fold, it extends fromthetubeangletothelabiummajusbywayof the broad ligament and the inguinal canal. C [[Processus vaginalis peritonei]]. Transient developmental diverticulum of the peritoneum extending through the inguinal canal. In rare cases it is the site of a congenital inguinal hernia in the female.
1 Vagina. Flat canal, about 10 cm long, leading into the uterus. A
2 Fornix vaginae. Recess between the vaginal part of the cervix and the wall of the vagina. A
3 Anterior part. Parsanterior.Anterior,shallower fornixofthevagina.A
4 Posterior part. Pars posterior. Posterior fornix of the vagina with its clinically very significant relationship to the peritoneal cavity. A
5 Lateral part. Pars lateralis. Lateral connection between the anterior and posterior parts of the fornixvaginae.
6 Anterior wall of vagina. Paries anterior. A
8 Hymen. Cutaneous fold emanating especially from the posterior wall of the vagina and, as a virginal membrane, partially closing off the entrance (introitus) to the vagina. C
10 Tunica muscularis. Relatively thin layer of muscle in the vagina. A
11 Tunica mucosa. Mucous membrane of the vagina lined by glycogen-rich, stratified, nonker-atinized squamous epithelium. A
12 Rugae vaginales. Transverse folds (rugae) in the vaginal mucosa. A
13 Columns of rugae. Columnae rugarum. Two longitudinal ridges in the anterior and posterior walls of the vagina produced by underlying venous plexuses.
14 Posterior column of rugae. Columna rugarum posterior. It lies in the posterior wall of the vagina.AD
15 Anterior column of rugae. Columna rugarum anterior.Itliesintheanteriorwallofthevagina.A D
16 Urethral carina of vagina. Carina urethralis vaginae. Longitudinal ridge produced by the urethra in the lower part of the anterior column ofthe rugae. AC D
16a Tunica spongiosa. Layer of spongy vascular plexuses outside of the tunica muscularis. A
17 Epoophoron. Developmental derivative of the mesonephros within the mesosalpinx. B
18 Duct of epoophoron. Ductus epoophorontis longitudinalis. Remnant of the mesonephric duct and some of its tubules. It lies in the me-sosalpinx. B
19 Transverse ductules of epoophoron. Ductuli transversi epoophorontis. Remains of 10-20 transversely coursing mesonephric tubules which open into the duct of the epoophoron. B
20 Appendices vesiculosae. Dispersed remains of mesonephric tubules in the vicinity of the infun-dibulum of the uterine tube. They terminate in vesicles. B
Feneis, Pocket Atlas of Human Anatomy © 2000 Thieme
21 Paroophoron. Tubules derived from the caudal part of the mesonephros and situated between the lowermost branches of the ovarian artery. B
22 Vestigial ductus deferens. [Ductus deferens vestigialis]. Remains of the embryonic meso-nephric duct in the female.
23 FEMALE EXTERNAL SEX ORGANS. Organa genitalia feminina externa. C D
24 Female pudendum. Pudendum femininum. External female genitalia. C D
25 Mons pubis. Pad of fat situated in front of and above the pubic symphysis. C
26 Labium majus pudendi. Greater lip of the pu-dendum.Afoldofskintheoutersurfaceofwhich is covered with hair. The internal surface is smooth and hairless, resembling mucosa. C
27 Anterior labial commissure. Commissura la-biorum anterior. Anterior right and left labia majora. C
28 Posterior labial commissure. Commissura la-biorum posterior. Posterior junction of the labia majora. C
29 Pudendal fissure. Rima pudendi. Fissure between the labia majora. C
30 Labium minus pudendi. Thinner fold of skin devoid of hair and provided with abundant sebaceous glands. C
31 Frenulum of pudendal labia. Frenulum labi-orum pudendi. Sharp-edged fold in front of the posterior labial commissure where the labia minora meet. C
32 Vestibule of vagina. Vestibulum vaginae. Space enclosed by the labia minora. C
33 Fossa of vestibule of vagina. Fossa vestibuli vaginae. Part of the vestibule between the frenulum and the vaginal opening. C
34 Bulb ofvestibule.Bulbusvestibuli.Bodyoferec-tile tissue corresponding to the male corpus spongiosum, found primarily at the root of the labia majora. C
35 intermediate part of bulb of vestibule. Pars intermedia [commissura] bulborum. Bridge uniting right and left bulbi vestibuli at the clitoris.
1 Orifice (introitus) of vagina. Ostium vaginae. Openingofvagina into vestibule.A
2 Lesser vestibular glands. Gll. vestibulares minores. Simple, tubular mucosal glands near the urethra.
3 Greater vestibular [[Bartholin's]] gland. Gl.
vestibularis major [[ Bartholini]]. Pea-sized mucousglandsituatedposteriorlyintheurogen-italdiaphragm.Itopensintothelowerthirdofthe vestibule between the labium minus and hymen or hymenal caruncle. A
4 Clitoris. Erectile portion of the female pudendum. Its two cavernous bodies unite at the anterior ends of the labia minora toformtheglanscli-toridis. A
5 Crus of clitoris. Crusclitoridis. Portion of the clitoris attached to the inferior pubic ramus. A
6 Body of clitoris. Corpus clitoridis. Shaft of clitoris formed by the two cavernous bodies. A
7 Glans of clitoris. Glans clitoridis. Acorn-shaped cap of the clitoris connected with the bulb of the vestibule by a thin cord. A
8 Frenulum of clitoris. Frenulum clitoridis. Double fold approaching the clitoris inferiorly from the labia minora. A
9 Prepuce of clitoris. Preputium clitoridis. Fold formed by the union of the two folds of the labia minora above the clitoris. A
10 CORPUS CAVERNOSUM OF CLITORIS. Corpus cavernosum clitoridis (dextrum/sinistrum). Right and left cavernous bodies that join to form the bodyofthe clitoris.A
11 Septum of corpus cavernosum. Septum cor-porum cavernosorum. Incomplete connective tissue partition between the right and left corpora cavernosa.
12 Fascia clitoridis. Connective tissue layer covering the clitoris.
13 Urethra feminina. Female urethra. Canal for passage of urine in females, about 2.5 to 4 cm long. D
14 External opening of female urethra. Ostium urethrae externum femininae. It is situated 2-3 cmbelowtheclitoris. A
15 Tunica muscularis. Layer of female urethra consisting primarily of circular smooth muscle fibers. D
16 Tunica spongiosa. Submucosal layer of erectile tissue containing a plexus of veins. D
17 Tunica mucosa. Mucous coat of the female urethra.Thepartleavingthebladderislinedwith transitional epithelium, the more distal part by stratified columnar epithelium. D
18 Urethral glands. Gll. urethrales. Small mucous glands opening into the urethra. D
19 Urethral lacunae. Lacunae urethrales. Small pits in the urethral mucosa into which the urethral glands open. D
Feneis, Pocket Atlas of Human Anatomy © 2000 Thieme
20 Paraurethral duct. [Ductus paraurethrales]. Glandular duct, 1-2 cm long, which opens into the female urethra near the urethral orifice. D
21 Urethral crest. Crista urethralis. A thick longitudinal fold in the posterior wall of the female urethra. D
22 EMBRYOLOGICAL TERMINOLOGY. Nomina ontogenetica.
23 Decidual membranes. [[Membranaedeciduae]]. Mucous membranes of the pregnant uterus. C
24 Decidua parietalis. Mucosalliningofthepartof the uterine wall not occupied by the embryo. C
25 Decidua capsularis. Uterine mucosa between the embryo and the uterine cavity. C
26 Decidua basalis. Mucous membrane between the embryo and the uterine wall. C
27 Placenta. Organ of metabolic interchange between mother and fetus. It consists of tropho-blast and uterine mucosa (endometrium). E
28 Uterine part. [[Pars uterina]]. Part of the placenta consisting of the basal plate (decidua basalis) and placental septa. E
29 Fetal part. [[Pars fetalis]]. Part of the placenta consisting of the chorion and amnion. E
30 Umbilical cord. Funiculus umbilicalis. Cord derived from the embryological connecting stalk. E
31 Primordial kidney. Mesonephros. Develops subsequent to the pronephros and is involved in the development of the permanent meta-nephros. B
32 Mesonephric [Wolffian] duct. Ductus mesone-phricus. Excretory duct formed by the prone-phros. It forms the ductus deferens in the male. B
33 Paramesonephric [[Mullerian]] duct. Ductus paramesonephricus. Duct formed by an epithelial invagination lateral to the mesone-phric duct. It gives rise to the uterus, uterine tube and a part ofthe vagina. B
34 Primitive urogenital sinus. Sinus urogenitalis primitivus. Anterior portion of the cloaca sepa-ratedbytheembryonicurorectalseptum.Itgives rise to the inferior pole of the urinary bladder, urethra and vestibule of the vagina. B
"A External female genitalia, with pubic bone
Gravid uterus, schematic
Was this article helpful?
This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.