1 Infraorbital artery. A. infraorbitalis. Terminal branch of maxillary artery. It passes to the face via the inferior orbital fissure, groove and canal. A

2 Anterior superior alveolar arteries. Aa. alveolares superiores anteriores. They leave the infraorbital artery in the infraorbital canal and pass through bone to the anterior teeth. A

3 Dental branches. Rami dentales. Terminal branches passing to the teeth. A

3a Peridental branches. Rami peridentales.

4 Artery of pterygoid canal. A. canalis ptery-goidei. It traverses the pterygoid canal and passes posteriorly to the auditory tube and its environment. A B

4a Pharyngeal branch. Ramus pharyngeus. Branch to the pharyngeal mucosa.

5 Descending palatine artery. A. palatina de-scendens. It descends through the greater palatine canal. A B

6 Greater palatine artery. A. palatina major. It passes through the greater palatine foramen to the anterior palate and the neighboring gingiva. B

7 Lesser palatine arteries. Aa. palatinae minores. They leave the greater palatine artery and canal and pass through the lesser palatine foramina to the soft palate. B

7 a Pharyngeal branch. Ramus pharyngeus.

Branch that supplies the pharyngeal mucosa up to the level of the tonsil and gingiva.

8 Sphenopalatine artery. A. sphenopalatina. It passes through the sphenopalatine foramen into the nasal cavity. B

9 Lateral posterior nasal branches. Aa. nasales posteriores laterales. As the terminal branches of the sphenopalatine artery, they supply the nasal cavity laterally and posteriorly. B

9a Posterior septal branches. Rami septales posteriores. Branches of the sphenopalatine artery that supply the posteroinferior part of the nasal septum. B

10 INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY (ICA). Arteria carotis interna. It extends branchless from the bifurcation of the common carotid to the base of the skull where it extends through the carotid canal up to its terminal division into the anterior and middle cerebral arteries. B C

11 Cervical part of internal carotid artery. Pars cervicalis. Branchless segment that extends up to the site where it enters the carotid canal in the petrous part of the temporal bone. B C

12 Carotid sinus. Sinus caroticus. It is occasionally displaced from the end of the common carotid artery (p. 194.8) to the beginning of the internal carotid. Site of baroreceptors. B

13 Petrous part of internal carotid artery. Pars petrosa. Segment coursing through the carotid canal in the petrous part of the temporal bone. C

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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