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(superficial temporal artery) 198.8

(superior tympanic artery) 198.21

parieto-occipitalis (medial occipital artery) 208.9

Ramus (-i) parotideus(-i) (auriculotemporal nerve)

324.27 (facial vein) 236.15 (posterior auricular artery)

196.28a (superficial temporal artery) 198.2

pectorales (axillary artery) 212.17

pedunculares (posterior cerebral artery) 206.23 perforans(-tes) (dorsal metacarpal arteries) 214.13

(internal thoracic artery) 210.7

(lateral circumflex femoral artery) 226.12 (peroneal artery) 228.13 (plantar metatarsal arteries) 228.24 pericardiacus(-i) (phrenic nerve) 336.9 (thoracic aorta) 216.5 peridentales (anterior superior alveolar arteries) 198.3a (inferior alveolar artery)

198.13a (posterior superior alveolar artery) 198.29a perineales (femoral cutaneous nerve) 344.16 petrosus (middle meningeal artery) 198.18 pharyngealis(-es) (glossopharyngeal nerve)

330.26 (inferior thyroid artery) 210.17

(vagus nerve) 332.7, 332.17a pharyngeus (pharyngeales) (artery of pterygoid canal)

200.4a (ascending pharyngeal artery) 194.19 (descending palatine artery) 200.7a phrenicoabdominales (phrenic nerve) 336.10 postcentralis (posterior intercostal arteries) 216.10a posterior(-es) ascendens (right pulmonary artery) 190.19 descendens (right pulmonary artery) 190.16 (great auricular nerve)

334.29 (hepatic duct) 132.11 (lateral sulcus) 306.20 (left pulmonary artery) 190.32

Ramus (-i) posterior(-es) (lumbar nerve) 342.2 (medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve) 338.7 (obturator artery) 222.18 (obturator nerve) 342.28 (portal vein of liver) 248.4 (renal artery) 220.24 (sacral/coccygeal nerves)

342.8 (spinal nerve) 334.10, 334.15

(superior mesenteric artery) 220.2

(superior right pulmonary vein) 230.11 (thoracic nerves) 340.17 (ulnar recurrent artery) 214.17

ventriculi sinistri (left coronary artery) 192.25 posterolateralis dexter (right coronary artery) 192.15 praelaminaris (posterior intercostal arteries) 216.10b profundus (medial circumflex femoral artery) 226.4 (medial plantar artery)

228.19 (plantar nerve) 346.16 (radial nerve) 340.6 (superior gluteal artery) 222.21

(transverse cervical artery)

210.24 (ulnar nerve) 338.25 prostatici (inferior vesical artery) 224.1a pterygoideus (internal carotid) 200.15 (maxillary artery) 198.26 pubicus (external iliac vein)

250.24a (inferior epigastric artery)

224.22 (obturator artery) 222.15 pulmonales 348.8

thoracici 352.15a radiculares (vertebral artery)

206.5 renalis(-es) (n. splanchnicus minor)

352.19 (vagus nerve) 332.30 sacrales laterales 216.26a saphenus (descending genicu-

lar artery) 226.1b scrotales anteriores (external puden-

dal arteries) 224.33 posteriores (internal puden-dal artery) 224.11

Ramus (-i) septales anteriores (anterior eth-moidal artery) 202.17 nasales 322.20b posteriores (sphenopalatine artery) 200.9a septi nasi 196.13a sinister

(hepatic artery proper) 218.9 (portal vein of liver) 248.5 sinus carotici (glossopharyngeal nerve) 330.28 cavernosi (internal carotid) 200.22 maxillaris (nasopalatine nerve) 322.20e spinalis(-es) (ascending cervical artery) 210.21

(iliolumbar artery) 222.10 (lateralsacral arteries)222.13 (posterior intercostal arteries) 212.8, 216.10, 216.18 (vertebral artery) 206.5 splenici (splenic artery) 218.35, 268.18 stapedialis 196.26 sternales (internal thoracic artery) 210.6 sternocleidomastoideus (occipital artery) 196.18 (superior thyroid artery) 194.12

stylohyoideus (facial nerve)

328.10 subendocardiales 186.12a subscapulares (axillary artery) 212.10

substantiae perforatae anteri-oris (anterior choroidal artery) 202.25 superficialis (lateral plantar nerve) 346.13 (medial circumflex femoral artery) 226.3a (medial plantar artery) 228.20 (radial nerve) 340.8 (superior gluteal artery) 222.20 (transverse cervical artery)

210.23 (ulnar nerve) 338.22 superior (inferior right pulmonary vein) 230.18 (left inferior pulmonary vein) 232.4 lobi inferioris (left pulmonary artery) 190.37

(right pulmonary artery) 190.23

Ramus (-i) superior (oculomotor nerve) 320.6 ossis pubis 44.13 (superior gluteal artery) 222.22

superior (transverse cervical nerve) 336.2 supracostalis (posterior intercostal arteries) 216.13 suprahyoideus (lingual artery) 196.2

sympatheticus (ad ganglion submandibulare) 328.27 temporales anteriores (lateral occipital artery) 208.3 (facial nerve) 328.13 intermedii mediales (lateral occipital artery) 208.4 posteriores (lateral occipital artery) 208.5 superficialis 324.30 tentorii (ophthalmic nerve)

320.20 thalamicus(-i) (posterior cerebral artery) 206.28 (posterior communicating artery) 208.21 thymici (internal thoracic artery) 210.3 thyrohyoideus (ansa cervicalis) 334.26

tonsillae cerebelli (posterior inferior cerebellar artery) 206.14 tonsillaris(-es) (ascending palatine artery) 196.9

(glossopharyngeal nerve)

330.29 (lesser palatine nerves) 322.24a tracheales (inferior thyroid artery) 210.19

(internal thoracic artery)

210.4a (vagus nerve) 332.16 tractus optici (anterior choroidal artery) 202.26 transversus (lateral circumflex femoral artery) 226.11 tubarius (tubalis) (ovarian artery) 222.4a,

224.5 (tympanic plexus) 330.23 tuberis cinerei (anterior choroidal artery) 202.31 ulnaris (medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve) 338.7 ureterici (artery of ductus deferens) 222.28

Ramus (-i) uterici (ovarian artery) 222.4 (renal artery) 220.26 (testicular artery) 222.2 vaginales (uterine artery) 224.3 (vaginal artery) 224.7a vestibulares (labyrinthine artery) 374.12 zygomatici (facial nerve) 328.14

zygomaticofacialis (zygomatic nerve) 322.27 zygomaticotemporalis (zygo-matic nerve) 322.26 Raphe medullae oblongatae 282.25 palati 108.18

palpebralis lateralis 366.19 penis 164.7 perinealis 174.2 pharyngis 118.20 pontis 284.18

pterygomandibularis 118.21 scroti (scrotalis) 166.2 Recessus(-i) 178.26 cochlearis 376.1 costodiaphragmaticus 152.20 costomediastinalis 152.21 duodenalis inferior 178.31 superior 178.29 ellipticus 374.23 epitympanicus 378.18 hepatorenalis 180.11 ileocaecalis inferior 180.4 superior 180.2 inferior omentalis 176.33 infundibuli (infundibularis) 298.5

intersigmoideus 180.1 lateralis 286.21 membranae tympanicae 384.7a anterior 384.8 posterior 384.10 superior 384.9 opticus 298.4 paraduodenalis 178.33 pharyngeus 118.7 phrenicomediastinalis 152.22 pinealis 298.6 piriformis 118.13 pleurales 152.19 retrocaecalis 180.6 retroduodenalis 178.34 sacciformis 62.14 sphenoethmoidalis 32.8, 136.18 sphericus 374.22 splenicus (lienalis) 176.34 subhepatici 180.10 subphrenici 180.9 subpopliteus 106.3

Recessus(-i) superior omentalis 176.32 supraspinalis 298.7 Rectal artery inferior 224.9 middle 224.7 superior 220.15 lymph nodes, superior 264.13 nerves, inferior 346.18 plexus middle 350.12 superior 350.2 veins inferior 250.20 middle 250.19 superior 248.36 venous plexus 250.7 Rectouterine fold 180.30 pouch 180.31 Rectovaginal septum 174.25 Rectovesical pouch 180.33 septum 174.24 Rectum 126.13 Rectus sheath 86.4 anterior layer 86.5 posterior layer 86.6 Recurrent artery 204.5 anterior tibial 226.24 posterior tibial 226.23 radial 214.3 ulnar 214.15 interosseous artery 214.21 laryngeal nerve 332.15 meningeal branch of lacrimal artery 202.5a

Red bone marrow 404.5 nucleus 294.3 Reflected ligament 86.13 Regio(-nes) abdominales 400.1 analis 400.16 antebrachialis anterior 400.30 posterior 400.31 axillaris 398.40 brachialis anterior 400.21 posterior 400.22 buccalis 398.20 calcanea 402.18 capitis 398.9 carpalis anterior 400.35 posterior 400.36 cervicalis(-es) 398.22 anterior 398.23 lateralis 398.30 posterior 398.32 corporis 396.46 coxalis 402.3a

Regio(-nes) cruralis anterior 402.13 posterior 402.14 cubitalis anterior 400.24 deltoidea 400.19 dorsalis(-es) 400.8

pedis 402.19 epigastrica (epigastrium) 400.3 faciales 398.14 femoralis 402.4 anterior 402.5 posterior 402.7 frontalis 398.10 genus anterior 402.9 posterior 402.10 glutealis 402.2 hypochondriaca (hypo-

chondrium) 400.2 hypogastrium 400.7 hypothalamica anterior 302.16 dorsalis (posterior) 302.14,

304.6 intermedia 302.21 lateralis 302.24 inframammaria 398.39 infraorbitalis 398.19 infrascapularis 400.12 inguinalis 400.6 lateralis 400.4 lumbaris (lumbalis) 400.13 mammaria 398.38 membri inferioris 402.1 superioris 400.18 mentalis 398.18 nasalis 398.16 nuchalis 398.32 occipitalis 398.12 olfactoria (nose) 136.16

tunicae mucosae nasi 388.24 oralis 398.17 orbitalis 398.15 parietalis 398.11 pectorales 398.33, 398.37 perinealis 400.15 plantaris pedis 402.20 pleuropulmonales 152.7 presternalis 398.34 pubica 400.7 respiratoria (nose) 136.15 sacralis 400.10 scapularis 400.11 sternocleidomastoidea 398.28 suralis 402.15 talocrurales anterior 402.16 posterior 402.16 temporalis 398.13 umbilicalis 400.5 urogenitalis 400.17 vertebralis 400.9 zygomatica 398.21

Regional lymph nodes 256.1 Reissner's membrane 374.3 Ren 154.3 Renal arteries 156.1 artery 220.17 branch(-es) lesser splanchnic nerve 352.19 vagus nerve 332.30 calices 156.16 major 156.17 minor 156.18 columns 154.36 corpuscle 154.37 cortex 154.26 fascia 154.12 ganglia 348.24 hilum 154.6 impression 130.12 lobes 154.25 medulla 154.30 papillae 154.33 pelvis 156.15 plexus 348.23 pyramids 154.31

base 154.32 segments 154.16 sinus 154.7 surface of adrenal gland 182.32 of spleen 268.5 tubule (nephron) 154.22

straight segments 154.24 veins 156.9, 246.28 Respiratory region of nose 136.15 system 134.17 Restiform body 290.24 Rete acromiale 212.14 articular(-e) cubiti 214.18 genus 226.20 calcaneum 228.17 carpale dorsale 214.6 lymphocapillare 254.4 malleolare laterale 226.27 mediale 228.10a mirabile 406.27 patellare 226.21 testis 158.31

vasculosum articulare 406.28 venosum 406.29 dorsale manus 244.28 pedis 252.17 plantare 252.23 Reticular formation 92.22, 276.16, 280.27, 284.23, 406.53 layer 390.18 membrane 374.1 nucleus of thalamus 298.12, 298.24, 300.18

Reticulospinal tract 276.24 Reticulum trabeculare 354.27 Retina 358.19 Retinaculum(-a) caudale 390.8 cutis 390.5 extensorum 92.22 inferius 100.13 superius 100.11 flexorum 92.26, 100.12 patellae laterale 68.18 mediale 68.17 peroneorum (fibularium) inferius 100.15 superius 100.14 unguis 394.8 Retinal blood vessels 360.6 Retro-olivary area 278.26 sulcus 27.25 Retroauricular lymph nodes

256.4 Retrocecal lymph nodes 264.6 recess 180.6 Retroduodenal arteries 218.18 recess 178.34 Retrohyoid bursa 102.4 Retrolentiform part of internal capsule 318.26 Retromandibular vein 236.18 Retroperitoneal space 176.20 Retropharyngeal lymph nodes 256.23a, 258.13 space 118.36 Retroposterolateral nucleus

274.22 Retropubic space 176.16 Retropyloric nodes 262.21 Rhinal sulcus 310.19 Rhinencephalon 310.26a, 312.1 Rhombencephalon 278.16 Rhomboid fossa 286.20 Rhomboidal nucleus 298.19 Ribs 6.2 angle of 6.16 bony part 6.7 cervical 6.22 false 6.4 first 6.17a floating 6.5 head of 6.8

joints 58.11 neck of 6.11 crest 6.12 second 6.20a shaft (body) of 6.13 true 6.3 Right 396.7 atrial veins 232.24 atrioventricular opening 188.2 valve 188.3

Right atrium 186.14

of heart 184.26 auricle 186.22

brachiocephalic veins 232.28 branch hepatic artery proper 218.4 portal vein of liver 248.2 bronchomediastinal trunk

254.12 colic artery 220.10 flexure 124.27 lymph nodes 264.10 vein 248.27 coronary artery 192.7 vein 232.20b duct of caudate lobe 132.15 fibrous ring 186.6 trigone 186.5 gastric artery 218.3 vein 248.18 gastro-omental artery 218.19 vein 248.22 hepatic artery 218.4 duct 132.9 veins 246.25 horn of uterus 168.9 inferior lobar bronchus 146.9 jugular trunk 254.14 lamina, larynx 138.16 lobe of liver 130.18 of prostate 162.16 lumbar lymph nodes 262.7 trunk 254.10 lung 148.7 lower lobe 150.9 middle lobe 150.6 upper lobe 150.2 lymphatic duct 254.16 main bronchus 144.30 margin heart 184.15 uterus 168.10 marginal branch (right coronary artery) 192.10 vein 232.20a middle lobar bronchus 146.6 ovarian vein 246.34 posterolateral branch of right coronary artery 192.15 pulmonary artery 190.14 veins 230.3 inferior 230.17 superior 230.4

Right semilunar cusp of aortic valve 190.3 of pulmonary valve 188.12 subclavian trunk 254.13 superior intercostal vein 246.2 lobar bronchus 146.2 suprarenal vein 246.32 testicular vein 246.33 thoracic duct 254.16 triangular ligament 178.23 ventricle of heart 184.21, 188.1 Rima glottidis 144.4 oris 108.4 palpebrarum 366.8 pudendi 170.29 vestibuli 142.28 Ring apophysis (epiphysis) 2.3b finger 400.47 Rivus lacrimalis 368.15 Roof of tympanic cavity 14.2 Root canal 112.3 filaments 334.4 of lung 148.21 of nail 392.27 of nose 134.19 of penis 162.28 pulp 112.7 of tongue 112.30 of tooth 110.21 apex 110.22 Rosenm├╝ller's recess 118.7 Rostral 396.23 Rostralis 396.23 Rostrum 312.10

sphenoidale 10.14 Round ligament of liver 130.4, 248.13 of uterus 168.32 window 380.2 crest 380.4 fossula 380.3 Rubrospinal tract 276.29, 294.10 Rugae vaginales 170.12 columns of 170.13

Sac, lacrimal, fossa for 20.25,

32.22b Saccular macula 372.5 nerve 330.14 Sacculationes coli 124.33 Saccule 372.2 Sacculus(-i) 372.2 alveolares 152.4 laryngis 144.2 Saccus conjunctivalis 368.5

Saccus endolymphaticus 370.8 lacrimalis 368.21 Sacral canal 4.34 cornu (horn) 4.33 crest intermediate 4.31 lateral 4.32 median 4.29 flexure 126.14 foramina anterior 4.27 posterior 4.30 ganglia 352.23 hiatus 4.35 lymph nodes 266.4 nerves 342.7 parasympathetic nuclei

276.15 plexus 344.8 region 400.10

segment of spinal cord 274.9 splanchnic nerves 352.24 tuberosity 4.23 vein(-s) lateral 250.5 median 248.38 venous plexus 250.6 Sacrococcygeal joint 56.21 ligament deep dorsal 56.23 lateral 56.25 superficial dorsal 56.22 ventral 56.24 Sacrococcygeus muscle dorsal (posterior) 88.4 ventral (anterior) 88.3 Sacroiliac joint 66.11 ligaments dorsal 66.14 interosseous 66.13 ventral 66.12 Sacropelvic surface, ilium 42.29 Sacrospinous ligament 66.8 Sacrotuberous ligament 66.6 Sacrum 4.16 ala 4.19 apex 4.36 base 4.17

dorsal surface 4.28 lateral mass 4.21 promontory 4.18 Saddle joint 404.31 Sagittal 396.6 border, parietal bone 16.33 sinus inferior 238.16 superior 238.14 groove for 8.31, 16.26a, 18.16, 28.26 suture 54.3 Sagittalis 396.6

Salivary glands major 110.1 minor 108.31 nucleus inferior 282.21 superior 286.5 Salpingopalatine fold 116.8 Salpingopharyngeal fold 118.4 Saphenous branch of descending genicular artery 226.1b nerve 344.4 opening 100.3 vein accessory 252.8 greater 252.7 small 252.15 Scala tympani 372.12 vestibuli 372.11 Scalene muscle, anterior, tubercle 6.18 Scalp hairs 392.3 Scaphoid 40.4 fossa 12.6, 386.18 eminence 388.8 tubercle 40.5 Scapula 34.3 neck 34.23 spine 34.7 Scapular artery circumflex 212.22 dorsal 210.24, 210.24a ligament inferior transverse 60.15 superior transverse 60.14 line 396.55 nerve, dorsal 336.20 notch 34.16 region 400.11 vein anterior circumflex 244.13a circumflex 244.13a dorsal 244.11

posterior circumflex 244.13a Scapus pili 392.13 Schindylesis 404.18 Sciatic artery 222.25 nerve 344.17 notch greater 44.6 lesser 44.7 Sciatic foramen greater 66.9 lesser 66.10 Sclera 354.24 Scleral sulcus 354.25 veins 244.3 Scrotal nerves anterior 342.19

Scrotal nerves posterior 346.20 veins anterior 252.6 posterior 250.21 Scrotum 166.1 raphe 166.2 septum 166.3 Sebaceous glands (of Zeis) 368.7,

394.17 Second rib 6.20a Secondary center of ossification 404.10 fissure 288.30 spinal lamina 378.4 tympanic membrane 380.6 visceral substance 276.8 Sectiones cerebellares 290.9 epithalamici 296.10 hypothalami 302.13 medullae oblongatae 280.9 spinalis 274.11 mesencephalici 292.21 metathalamici 298.11 pontis 284.7

telencephalici 314.19a, 316.1 thalami ventralis 300.14 thalamici 298.11 Segmental artery anterior 218.7 medial 218.11 posterior 218.8, 220.25 superior 220.20 anterior 220.21 bronchial branches 148.1 bronchus(-i) 146.1 anterior 146.5, 146.18 basal 146.13, 146.25 apical 146.3 apicoposterior 146.17 lateral 146.7

basal 146.14, 146.26 medial 146.8

basal 146.12, 146.24 posterior 146.4 basal 146.15 subapical 146.11, 146.23 superior 146.10, 146.22 inferior 220.23

anterior 220.22 medullary artery 216.10e Segmentum(-a) anterius inferius (kidney) 154.19 (liver) 130.19 superius (kidney) 154.18 (upperlobeofleftlung)150.18 (upper lobe of right lung) 150.5

apicale (upper lobe of right lung) 150.3

Segmentum(-a) apicoposterius (upper lobe of left lung) 150.17 basale anterius (lower lobe of left lung)

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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