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1 Nuclei ventrolaterales [thalami]. Ventrolateral nuclei, the group of nuclei lateral to the internal medullary lamina. B

2 Posterior lateral nucleus. Nucleus lateralis posterior. Portion of the lateral nucleus situated between the pulvinar and dorsal lateral nucleus with connections to the parietal lobe. A

3 Dorsal lateral nucleus. Nucleus lateralis dorsalis. Anterosuperior portion of the lateral nucleus with projections to the region of the posterior cingulum segment and the lower part of the parietal lobe. A

4 Anterior ventral nucleus. Nucleus ventralis anterior. Anterior portion of the ventral nucleus with projections to the interlaminar nuclei, globus pallidus and dentate nucleus and reciprocal connections to the precentral gyrus and the area anterior to it. It plays a role in Parkinson's disease. A

5 Intermediate ventral nucleus. Nucleus ventralis intermedius. Portion of the ventral nucleus situated behind the anterior ventral nucleus; it is a synaptic station connecting the cerebellum, red nucleus and motor cortex. A

6 Medial ventral nucleus. Nucleus ventralis medialis. Poorly demarcated nuclear region situated anterior to the posterior ventral nuclei; its function is unclear. A

7 Posterior ventral nuclei. Nuclei ventrales posteriores. Collective term for the following two nuclei.

8 Posterolateral ventral nucleus. Nucleus ventralis posterolateralis. The lateral part of the posterior ventral nucleus that receives the medial lemniscus and spinothalamic tract and relays their impulses to the postcentral gyrus via the thalamocortical tract. A

9 Posteromedial ventral nucleus. Nucleus ventralis posteromedialis. Part located between the cen-tromedian and posterolateral nuclei. It receives the trigeminal lemniscus. A

10 Posterior nuclei of thalamus. Nuclei posteriores [thalami]. Collective term for the following three parts of the thalamus.

11 Pulvinar nuclei. Nuclei pulvinares. Nuclei that occupy the posterior portion of the thalamus; they begin at the habenulae, receive tributaries from the auditory and visual pathways as well as from other thalamic nuclei and are connected with the visual cortex, optic and acoustic control centers, and other structures. A

12 Lateral geniculate nucleus [dorsal part].

Nucleus [corporis geniculati] lateralis [pars dorsalis]. Part of the visual pathway. A

13 Medial geniculate nucleus [dorsal part]. Nucleus [corporis geniculati] medialis [pars dorsalis]. Part of medial geniculate body containing small cells. A

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Essentials of Human Physiology

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