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13 Mediastinal surface. Facies mediastinalis. Lung surface bordering the mediastinum and lying in front of the vertebral part. B D

14 Cardiac impression of lung. Impressio cardiaca. Indentation on the medial surface of both lungs produced by the heart. B D

15 Diaphragmatic surface. Facies diaphragmatica. Concave inferior surface of the lung facing the diaphragm. A B CD

16 Interlobar surface. Facies interlobaris. Surface of lung tissue found in the spaces between the lobes.

17 Anterior margin. Margo anterior. Sharp anterior border at the junction of the medial and costal surfaces of the lung. A B C D

18 Cardiac notch. Incisuracardiaca [pulmonis sin-istri]. Notch on the anterior margin of the left upper lobe produced by the cardiac impression. CD

19 Margo inferior. Inferior margin of lung. Sharp borderatthejunctionofthecostalanddiaphrag-matic surfaces. The margin is less sharp at the transition of the diaphragmatic surface to the medial surface. AB C D

20 Hilum of lung. Hilumpulmonis.Siteofentryof bronchi and vessels on the medial surface. Essentially, the bronchi lie posteriorly, the pulmonary artery craniad and the pulmonary veins caudad. B D

Feneis, Pocket Atlas of Human Anatomy © 2000 Thieme

21 Root of lung. Radix [pediculus] pulmonis. It consists of the main bronchus, blood vessels, lymph vessels/nodes and autonomic plexuses. B

22 Lingula of left lung. Lingula pulmonis sinistri. Portion of the upper lobe of the left lung between the cardiac notch and the oblique fissure. C D

22 a Culmen of left lung. Culmen pulmonis sinistri.

Upper lobe without lingula.

23 Upper lobe. Lobus superior. Extends posteriorly as far as the 4th rib. On the right side its lower border runs anteriorly somewhat along the 4th rib. On the left side it passes as far as the cartilage-bone border of the 6th rib. A B C D

24 Middle lobe. Lobus medius (pulmonis dextri). Present only in the right lung, it lies in front of the midaxillary line between the 4th and 6th ribs. A B

25 Lower lobe. Lobus inferior. It extends mainly dorsal. Its superior border courses obliquely posterosuperior to anteroinferior. It begins paravertebral^ at the 4th rib and ends at the intersection of the midclavicular line and the 6th rib.ABC D

26 Oblique fissure. Fissura obliqua. Oblique fissure between the lower and upper lobes of the left lung, between the lower and upper lobes, as well as the middle lobe, of the right lung. Accordingly, itpassesparavertebrallyfromthe4thribuptothe 6th rib in the midclavicular line. A B C D

27 Horizontal fissure of right lung. Fissura horizontalis (pulmonis dextri). Fissure separating the middle and upper lobes at the level of the 4th rib. AB

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

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