Figures are modified from illustrations in Tyers AG, Collin JRO. Colour Atlas of Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, 2nd edn. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann, 2001.
SEVENTH NERVE PALSY and CORNEAL EXPOSURE Further reading
Adour KK, Diagnosis and management of facial palsy. N Engl J Med 1982; 307:348-51.
Armstrong MWJ, Mountain RE, Murray JAM. Treatment of facial synkinesis and facial asymmetry with botulinum toxin type A following facial nerve palsy. Clin Otolaryngol 1996; 21:15-20.
Cataland PJ, Bergstein MJ, Biller HF. Comprehensive management of the eye in facial paralysis. Arch Otolaryngol -Head Neck Surg 1995;121:81-6.
Crawford GJ, Collin, JRO, Moriarty PAJ. The correction of paralytic medial ectropion. Br J Ophthalmol 1984 68:639.
Kartush JM et al., Early gold weight implantation for facial paralysis Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1990; 103:1016-23.
Kirkness CM, Adams GG, Dilly PN, Lee JP. Botulinum toxin A-induced protective ptosis in corneal disease Ophthalmology 1988; 95:473-80.
Lee OS. Operalion for correction of everted lacrimal puncta. Am J Ophthalmol 1951; 34:575.
May M. Facial paralysis: differential diagnosis and indications for surgical therapy. Clin Plast Surg 1979; 6:275-92.
May M. Croxson GR, Klein SR. Bell's palsy: management of sequelae using EMG, rehabilitation, botulinum toxin and surgery. Am J Otol 1989; 10:220-9.
McCoy FJ, Goodman RC. The Crocodile Tear Syndrome. Plast Reconstr Surg 1979; 63:58-62.
Olver JM, Fells P. Henderson's relief of eyelid retraction. Eye 1995; 9:467-71.
Seiff SR, Chang J. The staged management of ophthalmic complications of facial nerve palsy. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 1990; 9:241-9.
Small RG. Surgery for upper eyelid retraction, three techniques. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 1995; 93:353-69.
Tucker SM, Collin JRO. Repair of upper eyelid retraction: a comparison between adjustable and non-adjustable sutures. Br J Ophthalmol 1995; 79:658-60.
Tyers AG, Collin JRO. Colour Atlas of Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, 2nd edn. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann, 2001.
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