Info

Paryphostomum sufrartyfex

India

Pig

Snail

Hypoderaeum conoideum

Thailand

Duck, fowl

Snail, tadpole

Episthmium caninum

Thailand

Dog

Fish

Himasthla muehlensi

Germany

Gulls, bird

Clam

Echynoparyphium recurvatum

Indonesia, Japan

Bird, rat, mammals

Tadpole frog

Family Heterophyidae

Metagonimus yokogawai China, Japan, Korea, Balkans, Russia, Cat, dog, pig, pelican Fish

Spain, Taiwan, Philippines

M. takahashii Korea Cat, dog, rat, fowl Fish

M. minutus Taiwan ? Fish

Heterophyes heterophyes Egypt, Korea, China, Taiwan, Philippines, Mammals, birds Fish

Mediterranean, Africa, Japan

H. nocens Japan Cat, dog, rat Fish

H. dispar Korea Cat, dog Fish

Heterophyopsis continua Korea, Japan, China Dog Fish

Cryptocotyle lingua Greenland Cat, dog, rat ?

Stellantchasmus falcatus Philippines, Thailand, Hawaii, Japan, Cat, dog Fish

Korea

Haplorchis yokogawai Taiwan, Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, Cat, dog Fish

South China

H. taichui Taiwan, Philippines, Thailand, Pakistan, Cat, dog Fish

H. vanissumus Philippines ? Fish

H. pumilio Taiwan, Philippines, Thailand, Egypt Cat, dog, night heron Fish

Apophallus donicus USA Cat, dog, rat, fox, rabbit Fish

Pygidiopsis summa Korea Bird, cat, dog, rat Fish

Centrocestus armatus Korea, Japan Cat, dog, rat, mouse, Fish rabbit, heron

C. canimus Thailand, Taiwan Rat Fish

C. formosanus Taiwan, South China, Philippines Cat, dog, rat, chicken, Fish, frog duck

C. kurokawai Japan ? Fish

C. cuspidatus Egypt, Taiwan Rat, chicken Fish

Stictodora fuscatum Korea, Japan Cat, bird fish

Procerovuom calderoni Philippines Cat, dog Fish

P. varium Japan Cat, bird Fish

Continued

Table 24.1 Continued

Species

Geographic location

Non-human definitive hosts Source of infection

Family Lecithodendriidae

Phaneropsolus bonnei Prosthodendrium molenkampi

Indonesia, Thailand Indonesia, Thailand

Bat, monkey Bat, monkey, rat

Dragonfly naiads Dragonfly naiads

Family Plagiorchiidae

Plagiorchis harinasutai P. javensis P. philippinensis P. muris

Thailand Indonesia Philippines Japan

Bird, bat Bird, rat Bird, dog, rat

Larval insects ?Larval insects ?Snails, aquatic insects

Family Paramphistomatidae

Watsonius watsoni Gastrodiscoides hominis

South-west Africa South-east Asia, Kazakstan

Baboon, monkey Pig, rats, monkey

?Water plants Aquatic vegetation

Family Microphallidae

Spelotrema brevicaeca ( = Carneophallus brevicaeca)

Philippines

Bird

Shrimp

Family Diplostomatidae

Fibricola seoulensis Alaria americana

Korea

North America

Rats

Wild carnivores

Snake, frog, tadpole Tadpoles, frogs

Family Nanophyetidae

Nanophyetis salmincola salmincola North America N. salmincola schikhobalowi Siberia

Dogs, foxes, coyote Dogs, foxes, coyote

Salmon and trout Fish

*Table adapted from Bunnag and Harinasuta (1989), Bunnag et al. (1991), Chai and Lee (1991), Chung and Soh (1991) and Waikagul (1991).

*Table adapted from Bunnag and Harinasuta (1989), Bunnag et al. (1991), Chai and Lee (1991), Chung and Soh (1991) and Waikagul (1991).

Fig. 24.1 Generalized life-cycle of intestinal trematodes. Each intestinal trematode life cycle stage is highlighted in bold letters with its accompanying host where indicated
Table 24.2 Major intestinal trematode infections in humans: clinical features, organism size and treament

Trematode

Clinical features

Average size

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