Penis Enlargement Guide
When Freud disciple Karl Abraham in 1920 posited that women, because of penis envy, actually wanted to be men, he went on to state that he believed that this desire to be men led to lesbianism, women with masculine ambition, and feminists. Horney, who was from all reports not a lesbian, and did not consider herself a feminist (but may have possessed what Abraham called masculine ambition), was offended. Horney, who had already witnessed decades of male sexism, was put off by this theory not because of feminism but because of its illogical nature. Horney was feminist in her beliefs, but too much of an individual to join any organized feminist movement for any period of time. One of Horney's responses to Karl Abraham's idea was, that one half of the human race is discontented with the sex assigned to it. . .is decidedly unsatisfying, not only to feminine narcissism but to biological science. Perhaps because of her own childhood experiences, Horney was fascinated by how men view women...
New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis. New York W. W. Norton, 1933. This volume contains seven lectures or papers that Freud wrote toward the end of his career. Among them is The Psychology of Women, in which he attempts to explain some fundamental differences between the sexes. Freud describes female behavior and the Oedipus complex for males and females, and he elaborates on the role of penis envy in female development. The volume also contains lectures on dreams, on the structure of personality, and on anxiety and the instincts. Freud. Edited by James Strachey. London Hogarth Press, 1966-1973. Volume 7 in this collection of Freud's works contains a detailed case history of a woman named Dora, whom Freud treated over a period of years. This case history illustrates Freud's ideas about the causes of neurosis and hysterical symptoms. The work also contains three essays on sexuality, including sexual aberrations, infantile sexuality, and puberty. Gilligan, Carol....
While the Oedipal conflict was developed in great detail, Freud did not provide as much clarity on the Electra complex. The Electra complex has its roots in a young girl's discovery that she, along with her mother and all other women, lack the penis that her father and other men possess. Her love for her father then becomes both erotic and envious, as she yearns for a penis of her own. She comes to blame her mother for her perceived castration, and is struck by penis envy, the apparent counterpart to the boy's castration anxiety. The resolution of the Electra complex is far less clear-cut than the resolution of the Oedipus complex is in males. Freud stated that the resolution comes much later and is never truly complete. Just as the boy learned his sexual role by identifying with his father, so the girl learns her role by identifying with her mother in an attempt to possess her father vicariously. At the eventual resolution of the conflict, the girl passes into the latency period,...
Horney was grounded in psychoanalytic thinking and agreed with many of Freud's concepts. She disagreed radically, however, with the heavy sexual content of Freudian theory. A major point of departure was the Freudian concept of penis envy. Freud essentially viewed all psychological problems in women to be the result of the woman's inherent wish to be a man. Freud maintained that girls are not born with a natural sense of their femininity and regard themselves as inferior, castrated boys. As a result of penis envy, the female rebels against her biological inferiority. The consequences, according to Freud, are resentment, devaluation of her negative sexual endowments, envying the opposite sex, and a constant search for compensation. Horney considered penis envy to be contrary to biological thinking. She maintained that little girls are instinctively feminine and aware of their fe-maleness in early childhood. Thus, girls are not programmed to feel inferior. Women may envy men the power...
From Horney's earliest (feminist) arguments against Freudian thought and through the development of her own theories, she was embroiled in controversy. In many ways, this controversy was a product of Horney's interpersonal style. She took on, at one time or another throughout her career, nearly every other luminary of psychotherapy that shared her time in history. Obviously the disagreements she became involved in with Freud and his disciple Karl Abraham from 1920 on were the first shots fired in what would come to be for Horney a long, long war. In 1926, she was asked to write an essay as part of a book honoring Sigmund Freud on his 70 th birthday. Horney started with a brief complimentary recognition of his penis envy theory, but quickly went on the attack. She quoted Simmel's observation that men Karl Abraham took penis envy even further to insist that young daughters initially expect or hope that their father, who is responsible for providing for their wants and needs, will...
Over the years, many aspects of Freudian theory have been challenged. Freud's notion that penis envy is a primary motivator in the female personality was challenged by Karen Horney, who believed that, if it existed, a woman's envy was related to the male's privileged role in society. Freud's idea that the clitoral orgasm is immature and must be surrendered for the vaginal orgasm at puberty spurred work by William Masters and Virginia Johnson, who concluded, after much rigorous research, that orgasm is a reaction of the entire pelvic area.
Features include intrauterine growth retardation, Metaphyseal dysplasia, Adrenal hypoplasia congenita, and Genital anomalies. Patients present shortly alter birth with growth retardation and severe adrenal insufficiency, mild dysmorphic features, bilateral cryptorchidism, micropenis, and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism. Skeletal surveys show metaphyseal dysplasia with or without epiphyseal dysplasia. Patients have documented or suspected hypercalciuria and or hypercalcaemia, which may result in nephrocalcinosis, or visceral calcification.
Cheng PK, Chanoine JP Should the definition of micropenis vary according to ethnicity Horm Res 2001 55 278-281. Ludwig G. Micropenis and apparent micropenis - a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Andrologia 1999 31 (Suppl 1) 27-30 (review). Tuladhar R, Davis PG, Batch J, Doyle LW. Establishment of a normal range of penile length in preterm infants. J Paediatr Child Health 1998 34 471-473.
Freud believed that the discovery that girls and women do not have pe-nises leads the three- to five-year-old boy to develop great fear that he will lose his own penis (castration anxiety). As a result, the boy begins to identify with his father out of fear that the father will take away his penis. He gives up his identification with his mother and suppresses his sexual feelings toward her. For a little girl, the same discovery leads to penis envy and to blaming her mother for her lack of this desired organ. Because of her disappointment, she transfers her sexual feelings from her mother to her father, and she fantasizes that her father will give her a penis substitute a baby.
Several of Freud's contemporaries, including some women analysts, were critical of Freud's views on the psychology of women. Among his critics was Karen Horney, who rejected the idea that penis envy is central to normal female development. She acknowledged, however, that from a cultural point ofview, envy of the male role might explain some of Freud's clinical observations better than the biological notion of penis envy. In addition, after many years of analyzing female patients, Horney began analyzing males from her observations, she concluded that males often exhibit an intense envy of pregnancy, childbirth, and motherhood, as well as of the breasts and of the act of suckling.
|Penis Growth Guide The Proven Enlargement System|
|Penis Advantage Enlargement Guide|
Penis Enlargement Bible Official Download Link
Penis Enlargement Bible will be instantly available for you to download right after your purchase. No shipping fees, no delays, no waiting to get started.