a. Dementia caused by the effect of the HIV virus on the brain.
b. Clinical presentation includes psychomotor retardation, forgetfulness, apathy, impaired problem solving flat affect, social withdrawal.
c. Frank psychosis may be present.
d. Neurological symptoms are frequently present.
3. Dementia Caused by Head Trauma. Dementia caused by head trauma usually should not progress. The one notable exception to this is dementia pugilistica which is caused by repeated trauma. A progressive dementia after a single trauma should alert the clinician to search for another underlying disorder.
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