1. Dementia and depression may present with complaints of apathy, poor concentration, and impaired memory.
2. Cognitive deficits due to a mood disorder may appear very similar to dementia. "Pseudodementia" is defined as depression that mimics dementia.
3. Differentiation of dementia from depression can be very difficult in the elderly. When the diagnose is unclear, a trial of antidepressants may be useful, since depression is reversible and dementia is not.
4. The medical history and examination can suggest possible medical or organic causes of dementia.
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