Differential Diagnosis of Specific Phobia

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A. Substance-Induced Anxiety Disorder. Substances such as caffeine, amphetamines, and cocaine can mimic phobic symptoms. Alcohol or benzodiazepine withdrawal can also mimic phobic symptoms.

B. Panic Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, Social Phobia, Hypochondriasis or Anorexia Nervosa. Many psychiatric disorders present with marked anxiety, and the diagnosis of specific phobia should be made only if the anxiety is unrelated to another disorder. For example, specific phobia should not be diagnosed in panic disorder if the patient has excessive anxiety about having a panic attack.

C. Anxiety Disorder Due to a General Medical Condition. Hyperthyroidism and other medical conditions may produce significant anxiety.

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  • Thomas
    What is the differential diagnosis of phobia?
    2 years ago

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