Many volunteer studies, especially at commercial, academic and university clinical units, are frequently young people of college age. Both males and females will volunteer since financial remuneration, and a free medical check-up and medical care play their part in motivation. The young also have less career and family commitments interfering with their motivation. Time for studying, reading and relaxation within an atmosphere of camaraderie also contributes to the availability of younger volunteers, who, because of their age, also tend to be very healthy. It will readily be appreciated that most drugs or devices are not unique or life saving but hopefully an improvement on existing agents, and indeed this applies to most basic research experiments. Nearly all drug studies in Phase I are aimed at gathering data on a potentially safe and possibly efficacious dose range. As a result, it is often hard to recruit older, more mature women for these basic types of essential drug development programs.
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