Transdermal vs Topical

The principal distinction between transdermal and topical drugs is that only the former are intended for systemic delivery. Both formulations are, however, subject to the same skin irritancy testing prior to human exposures.

The skin is biologically intended to be a barrier. Evading this barrier is not easy, because drugs must traverse dead epithelium and live dermis; the former is hydrophobic, while lipophilic drugs tends to form a reservoir in the latter. As in oral transmucosal administration, potent drugs, with modest requirements for mass absorbed and reasonable lipophilicity, are the best candidates for transdermal delivery. Fentanyl, nicotine, and sco-polamine are good examples.

A Disquistion On The Evils Of Using Tobacco

A Disquistion On The Evils Of Using Tobacco

Among the evils which a vitiated appetite has fastened upon mankind, those that arise from the use of Tobacco hold a prominent place, and call loudly for reform. We pity the poor Chinese, who stupifies body and mind with opium, and the wretched Hindoo, who is under a similar slavery to his favorite plant, the Betel but we present the humiliating spectacle of an enlightened and christian nation, wasting annually more than twenty-five millions of dollars, and destroying the health and the lives of thousands, by a practice not at all less degrading than that of the Chinese or Hindoo.

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