Data sources and collection methods

Prevalence at national level can be obtained by incorporating FGM modules into existing community surveys or census questionnaires. Repeated surveys would be able to detect trends.

Health records, such as antenatal and child health cards, do not usually contain information on FGM. WHO is promoting the recording of such information in the health card where FGM is being practised.

The age range of women to be included in the data collection needs careful consideration; inclusion of those of reproductive age (15-49 years) is preferable.

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