Aleixo JAG, Swaminathan B, Minnich SA, Wallshein VA (1985) Enzyme immunoassay: binding of Salmonella antigens to activated microtiter plates. J Immunoassay 6:391-407 Annis DA, Jacobsen EN (1999) Polymer-supported chiral co(salen) complexes: synthetic applications and mechanistic investigations in the hydrolytic kinetic resolution ofterminal epoxides. J Am Chem Sci 121:4147-4154
Becker M, Provart N, Lehmann I, Ulbricht M, Hicke H (2002) Polymerization of glucans by enzymatically active membranes. Biotechnol Progr 18:964-968 Bossi A, Piletsky SA, Turner APF, Righetti PG (2002) Repartition effect of aromatic polyani-line coatings on the separation of bioactive peptides in capillary electrophoresis. Electrophoresis 23:203-208 Butterfield DA, Lee J, Ganapathi S, Bhattacharyya D (1994) Biofunctional membranes IV. Active site structure and stability of an immobilized enzyme, papain, on modified poly-sulfone membranes studies by electron paramagnetic resonance and kinetics. J Membr Sci 91:41-52
Butterfield DA, Bhattacharyya D, Daunert S, Bachas L (2001) Catalytic biofunctional membranes containing site-specifically immobilized enzyme arrays: a review. J Membr Sci 181:29-37
Chen Y, Kang ET, Neoh KG, Tan KL (2000a) Covalent immobilization of invertase onto the surface-modified polyaniline from graft copolymerization with acrylic acid. Eur Polym J 36:2095-2103
Chen Y, Kang ET, Neoh KG, Wang P, Tan KL (2000b) Surface modification of polyaniline film by grafting of poly(ethylene glycol) for reduction in protein adsorption and platelet adhesion. Synth Met 110:47-55 Cleveland PH, Wicham GM, Goldbaum MH, Ryan AF, Worthen DM (1981) Rapid and efficient immobilization of soluble and small particulate antigens for solid phase immunoassays. J Immunoassay 2:117-136 Deng HT, Xu ZK, Huang XJ, Wu J, Seta P (2004a) Adsorption and activity of Candida rugosa lipase on polypropylene hollow fiber membrane modified with phospholipid analogous. Langmuir 20:10168-10173 Deng HT, Xu ZK, Liu ZM, Wu J, Ye P (2004b) Adsorption immobilization of Candida rugosa lipases on polypropylene hollow fiber microfiltration membranes modified by hydrophobic polypeptides. Enzyme Microb Technol 35:437-443 Deng HT, Xu ZK, Wu J, Ye P, Liu ZM, Seta P (2004c) A comparative study on lipase immobilized polypropylene microfiltration membranes modified by sugar-containing polymer and polypeptide. J Mol Catal B Enzym 28:95-100 Deppisch R, Storr M, Buck R, Gohl H (1998) Blood material interactions at the surfaces of membranes in medical applications. Sep Purif Technol 14:241-254 Ganapathi S, Butterfield DA, Bhattacharyya D (1998) Kinetics and active fraction determination of a protease enzyme immobilized on functionalized membranes: mathematical modeling and experimental results. Biotechnol Progr 14:865-873 Garber SB, Kingsbury JS, Gray BL, Hoveyda AH (2000) Efficient and recyclable monomeric and dendritic ru-based metathesis catalysts. J Am Chem Sci 122:8168-8179 Gekas VC (1986) Artificial membranes as carriers for the immobilization of biocatalysts.
Enzyme Microb Technol 8:450-460 Guell C, Czekaj P, Davis RH (1999) Microfiltration of protein mixtures and the effects of yeast on membrane fouling. J Membr Sci 155:113-122 Gupta B, Anjum N (2003) Plasma and radiation-induced graft modification of polymers for biomedical applications. Adv Polym Sci 162:35-61 Ikada Y (1994) Surface modification of polymers for medical applications. Biomaterials 15:725-726
Kang JS, Shim JK, Huh H, Lee YM (2001) Colloidal adsorption of bovine serum albumin on porous polypropylene-g-poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) membrane. Langmuir 17:4352-4359
Kasemo B (2002) Biological surface science. Surf Sci 500:656-677
Kiaei D, Hoffman AS, Horbett TA (1995) Radio-frequency gas discharge (RFGD) fluorination of polymers: protein and cell interactions at RFGD-fluorinated interfaces. Radiat Phys Chem 46:191-197
Kita H, Inada T, Tanaka K, Okamoto K (1994) Effect of photocrosslinking on permeability and permselectivity of gases throughbenzophenone-containingpolyimide. J Membrane Sci 87:139-147
Klee D, Hocker H (1999) Polymers for biomedical applications: improvement of the interface compatibility. Adv Polym Sci 149:1-57 Kou RQ, Xu ZK, Deng HT, Liu ZM, Seta P, Xu YY (2003) Surface modification of microporous polypropylene membranes by plasma-induced graft polymerization of y-allyl glucoside. Langmuir 19:6869-6875 Kuberkar VT, Davis RH (2000) Modeling of fouling reduction by secondary membranes.
J Membrane Sci 168:243-258 Lee JH, Park JW, Lee HB (1991) Cell adhesion and growth on polymer surfaces with hydroxyl groups prepared by water vapour plasma treatment. Biomaterials 12:443-448 Liu ZM, Xu ZK, Wang JQ, Yang Q, Wu J, Seta P (2003) Surface modification of microporous polypropylene membranes by the grafting of poly(y-stearyl-L-glutamate). Eur Polym J 39:2291-2299
Liu ZM, Xu ZK, Wang JQ, Wu J, Fu JJ (2004) Surface modification of polypropylene microfiltration membranes by graft polymerization of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone. Eur Polym J 40:2077-2087
Lundstrom I, Elwing H (1990) Simple kinetic models for protein exchange reactions on solid surfaces. J Colloid Interface Sci 136:68-80 Ma H, Bowman CN, Davis RH (2000a) Membrane fouling reduction by backpulsing and surface modification. J Membr Sci 173:191-200 Ma H, Davis RH, Bowman CN (2000b) A novel sequential photoinduced living graft polymerization. Macromolecules 33:331-335 Malinauskas A (1999) Electrocatalysis at conducting polymers. Synth Met 107:75-83 Mueller J, Davis RH (1996) Protein fouling of surface-modified polymeric microfiltration membranes. J Membr Sci 116:47-60 Oehr C, Muller M, Elkn B, Vohrer U (1999) Plasma grafting - a method to obtain mono-
functional surfaces. Surf Coat Tech 116:25-35 Piletsky S, Piletska E, Bossi A, Turner N, Turner A (2003) Surface functionalization of porous polypropylene membranes with polyaniline for protein immobilization. Biotechnol Bioeng 82:86-92
Poche DS, Daly WH, Russo PS (1995) Synthesis and some solution properties of poly-
(y-stearyl-L-glutamate). Macromolecules 28:6745-6763 Ratner BD, Hoffman AS, Hanson SR, Harker LA, Whiffen JD (1979) Blood-compatibility-water-content relationships for radiation-grafted hydrogels. J Polym Sci Polym Symp 66:363-375
Ratner BD (1995) Surface modification of polymers: chemical, biological and surface analytical challenges. Biosens Bioelectron 10:797-804 Richey T, Iwata H, Oowaki H, Uchida E, Matsuda S, Ikada Y(2000) Surface modification of polyethylene balloon catheters for local drug delivery. Biomaterials 21:1057-1065 Sano S, Kato K, Ikada Y (1993) Introduction of functional groups onto the surface of polyethylene for protein immobilization. Biomaterials 14:817-822 Senogles E, Thomas R (1975) Polymerization kinetics of N-vinyl pyrrolidone. J Polym Sci Symp 49:203-210
Sonderquist ME, Walton AG (1980) Structural change in proteins adsorbed on polymer surfaces. J Colloid Interface Sci 75:386-397
Steen ML, Jordan AC, Fisher ER (2002) Hydrophilic modification of polymeric membranes by low temperature H2O plasma treatment. J Membr Sci 204:341-357 Taniguchi M, Pieracci J, Samsonoff WA, Belfort G (2003) UV-assisted graft polymerization of synthetic membranes: mechanistic studies. Chem Mater 15:3805-3812 Tanioka A, Yokoyama Y, Miyasaka, K (1998) Preparation and properties of enzyme-
immobilized porous polypropylene films. J Colloid Interface Sci 200:185-187 Thom V, Altankov G, Groth T, Jankova K, Jonsson G, Ulbricht M (2000) Optimizing cell-surface interactions by photografting of poly(ethylene glycol). Langmuir 16:2756-2765 Tie Y, Calonder C, Van Tassel PR (2003) Protein adsorption: kinetics and history dependence.
J Colloid Interface Sci 268:1-11 Ulbricht M, Richau K, Kamusewitz H (1998) Chemically and morphologically defined ultrafiltration membrane surfaces prepared by heterogeneous photo-initiated graft polymerization. Colloid Surf A 138:353-366 Wang Y, Kim JH, Choo KH, Lee YS, Lee CH (2000) Hydrophilic modification of polypropylene microfiltration membranes by ozone-induced graft polymerization. J Membr Sci 169:269-276
Wavhal DS, Fisher ER (2003) Membrane surface modification by plasma-induced polymerization of acrylamide for improved surface properties and reduced protein fouling. Langmuir 19:79-85
Wetzels GMR, Koole LH (1999) Photoimmobilisation of poly(N-vinylpyrrolidinone) as a means to improve haemocompatibility of polyurethane biomaterials. Biomaterials 20:1879-1887
Woltinger J, Bommarius AS, Drauz K, Wandrey C (2001) The chemzyme membrane reactor in the fine chemicals industry. Org Proc Res Dev 5:241-248 Xu ZK, Kou RQ, Liu ZM, Nie FQ, Xu YY (2003) Incorporating r-allyl glucoside into polyacry-lonitrile by water-phase precipitation copolymerization to reduce protein adsorption and cell adhesion. Macromolecules 36:2441-2447 Xu ZK, Dai QW, Wu J, Huang XJ, Yang Q (2004) Covalent attachment of phospholipid analogous polymers to modify a polymeric membrane surface: a novel approach. Langmuir 20:1481-1488
Yang Q, Xu ZK, Dai ZW, Wang JL, Ulbricht M (2005) Surface modification of polypropylene microporous membranes with a novel glycopolymer. Chem Mater 17:3050-3058 Zhuang P, Butterfield DA (1992) Structural and enzymatic characterizations of papain immobilized onto vinyl alcohol/vinyl butyral copolymer membrane. J Membr Sci 66:247-257
Zhuang P, Butterfield DA (1993) Optimization of covalently coupling enzymes to polymeric membranes: EPR studies of papain. J Appl Polym Sci 47:1329-1342
Was this article helpful?
The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.