Integrated approaches for co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse problems have been found to be superior to nonintegrated approaches. Studies have demonstrated positive outcomes such as reduced substance abuse, reduction of psychiatric symptoms, increased housing stability, reduced hospitalizations, fewer arrests, improved functional status, and improved quality of life (Drake et al., 2002). While the integrated approach is not a panacea with respect to the conditions it is designed to address, it has been shown to be superior to either the sequential or parallel service models described earlier in this Chapter (Mueser et al., 2003b).
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