Date: Founded in 1912 Type of psychology: Learning
Fields of study: Behavioral and cognitive models; experimental methodologies; instrumental conditioning; methodological issues; nervous system; Pavlovian conditioning; thought
Behaviorism uses the methods of natural science to search for relationships between behavior and the observable social and physical environment. The focus on observable and measurable behavior-environment relationships distinguishes behaviorism from other psychological perspectives that rely on unobservable and hypothetical explanations such as the mind, ego, the self, and consciousness.
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