Ainsworth, Mary D. Salter, Mary C. Blehar, Everett Waters, and S. Wall. Patterns of Attachment. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1978. Outlines, in general terms, the development ofJohn Bowlby's attachment theory. Describes in detail the procedures and scoring techniques for the strange situation and describes the patterns of behavior associated with the secure, avoidant, and resistant attachments. Discusses the antecedents of individual differences in the attachment relationship. Bowlby, John. Attachment and Loss. 2d ed. 3 vols. New York: Penguin Books, 1991. Examines the theoretical foundation of the attachment construct and discusses attachment behavior. Outlines the development, maintenance, and function of attachment in both humans and animals. Cassidy, Jude, and Phillip R. Shaver, eds. Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications. New York: Guilford Press, 1999. A comprehensive collection of papers on modern attachment theory, including chapters on atypical attachment and implications for mental health. Crittenden, Patricia McKinsey, and Angelika Hartl Claussen, eds. The Organization ofAttachment Relationships: Maturation, Culture, and Context. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. A collection of papers examining important influences on attachment in infancy, childhood, and adulthood.

Loretta A. Rieser-Danner; updated by Virginia Slaughter

See also: Affiliation and Friendship; Development; Gender-Identity Formation; Imprinting.

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Finding Your Confidence

Finding Your Confidence

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