Sources for Further Study

Beck, William S., Karel F. Liem, and George Gaylord Simpson. Life: An Introduction to Biology. 3d ed. New York: HarperCollins, 1991. Introduction to biology for the beginning student. Contains a clear text, many strong diagrams and illustrations, and beautiful photographs. Contains a thorough discussion of animal behavior, famous experiments, and various types of animal learning, including imprinting, and describes the studies of Konrad Lorenz and others.

Klopfer, Peter H., and Jack P. Hailman. An Introduction to Animal Behavior: Ethology's First Century. 2d ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1974. An excellent and well-organized introduction to the history of animal behavior research. Presents major themes and models and cites many important studies. Two chapters discuss instinctive and learned aspects of behavioral development.

Manning, Aubrey, and Marian Stamp Dawking. An Introduction to Animal Behavior. 5th ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Concise, detailed, and thorough presentation of animal behavior research. Encompasses all major behavioral theories and supporting experiments. Includes a good discussion of imprinting studies, particularly with reference to maternal imprinting, and describes the biological bases behind imprinting and other behaviors.

Raven, Peter H., and George B.Johnson. Biology. 6th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002. A strong presentation of all aspects of biology for the beginning student. Includes excellent diagrams and illustrations. Summarizes the major theories and classic experiments of animal behavior research, including imprinting studies.

Wallace, Robert A., Gerald P. Sanders, and Robert J. Ferl. Biology: The Science of Life. 3d ed. New York: HarperCollins, 1991. An outstanding book for beginning students that describes all major concepts in biology with great clarity, using numerous examples, good illustrations, and beautiful photographs. Discusses behavioral research, including studies of maternal imprinting.

Wilson, Edward Osborne. Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000. A comprehensive study of sociobiology, a perspective which maintains that animal behavior is a driving force in animal species evolution. The author, a prominent entomologist, is a leading proponent of this controversial theory, which he defends with hundreds of case studies. Describes the biological basis of behavior during all stages of animal development.

David Wason Hollar, Jr.

See also: Hormones and Behavior; Instinct Theory; Learning; Reflexes.

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