Barber, Theodore Xenophon. Pitfalls in Human Research. New York: Perga-mon Press, 1976. It is useful to learn from the mistakes of others, and Barber provides an opportunity by describing ten categories of likely errors in designing and conducting research. This is not a long book (117 pages), and it is enjoyable reading, especially the specific accounts of flawed research.
Carlson, Neil R. Psychology: The Science of Behavior. 5 th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1999. The second chapter of this introductory psychology text may be the most reader-friendly reference in this bibliography. Titled "The Ways and Means of Psychology," it provides a brief introductory overview of the scientific method, experimental and correlational research, and basic statistics; it is well suited for the novice. Colorful graphics, a concluding summary, and a list of key terms are all helpful.
Hearst, Eliot, ed. The First Century of Experimental Psychology. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1979. Primarily for the student interested in the history of experimental psychology. This is a 693-page book; while most of the fourteen chapters are devoted to specific topics in psychology such as emotion, development, and psychopathology, the final chapter by William Estes provides an excellent overview of experimental psychology and considers some broad, profound issues.
Shaughnessy, John J., and Eugene B. Zechmeister. Research Methods in Psychology. 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002. This is one of a number of textbooks that discuss psychological research in the light of the scientific method. It is fairly accessible, has a thorough and competent description of experimentation, and considers some ethical issues. Glossary, index, and references are all provided.
Stern, Paul C., and Linda Kalof. Evaluating Social Science Research. 2d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996. A clearly written, nonthreatening book for the early to middle-level college student. The focus of the author is on encouraging the critical analysis of research; to this end, case-research examples are presented for examination. End-of-chapter exercises are included to aid the student in integrating information.
Mark B. Alcorn
See also: Animal Experimentation.
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