Sources for Further Study

Anderson, Daniel R., etal. Early Childhood Television Viewing and Adolescent Behavior. Boston: Blackwell, 2001. Of particular relevance to those interested in aggression are chapters 6 ("Aggression") and 9 ("Self-Image: Role Model Preference and Body Image"). The five coauthors of this valuable study seek to explore the roots of aggression in teenagers in terms of their exposure to violence through television viewing in their formative years.

Archer, John, and Kevin Browne. Human Aggression: Naturalistic Approaches. New York: Routledge, 1989. The approach is that of the social psychologist who is much concerned with environmental factors affecting aggression. A worthwhile book for the beginner. Blanchard, RobertJ., and Caroline D. Blanchard, eds. Advances in the Study of Aggression. New York: Academic Press, 1984. Dan Olweus's chapter, "Development of Stable Aggressive Reaction Patterns in Males," and John Paul Scott's chapter, "Advances in Aggression Research: The Future," are particularly compelling. The book as a whole is well constructed, although it may be more appropriate for those experienced in the field than to beginners.

Englander, E. K. Understanding Violence. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997. The author presents a panoramic view of violence and human aggression, condensing effectively the major research in the field over the previous half century.

Feshbach, Seymour, and Jolanta Zagrodzka, eds. Aggression: Biological, Developmental, and Social Perspectives. New York: Plenum Press, 1997. This comprehensive collection, although somewhat specialized, covers the two major factors in aggression (the biological roots and social determinants) thoroughly and accurately, interpreting recent research in the field extremely well.

Hoffer, Eric. The True Believer: Thoughts on the Nature of Mass Movements. New York: Perennial Library, 1989. One of the most compelling and readable accounts of mass movements and their relation to aggressive behavior in individuals.

Lesko, Wayne A. Readings in Social Psychology: General, Classic, and Contemporary Selections. 4th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 2000. Chapter 11, "Aggression," is clear and forthright. A desirable starting point for those who are not experienced in the field.

Lorenz, Konrad. On Aggression. 1963. Translated by Marjorie Kerr Wilson. Reprint. New York: Routledge, 2002. This classic and revolutionary study posits a killer instinct in both animals and humans.

Scott, John Paul. Aggression. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975. Although it is somewhat outdated, this book remains especially valuable for its chapters on the physiology of aggression (chapter 3) and on the social causes of aggression (chapter 5). The book is well written and easily understandable for those who are new to the field.

Wagner, Hugh. The Psychobiology of Human Motivation. New York: Routledge, 1999. Chapter 7 focuses on aggression and explores possible biological origins of the three types of aggression (offensive, defensive, and predatory) that Wagner employs in making his classifications.

R. Baird Shuman

See also: Domestic Violence; Emotions; Hormones and Behavior; Stress:

Behavioral and Psychological Responses.

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