Sources for Further Study

Alberto, Paul A., and Anne C. Troutman. Applied Behavior Analysis for Teachers. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1999. A readable introduction to applied behavior analysis principles and methods for use in the classroom.

Baum, William J. Understanding Behaviorism: Science, Behavior, and Culture. New York: HarperCollins College Publishers, 1994. Written by a well-known radical behaviorist. A thorough review of Skinner's behaviorism in relation to philosophy of science and in its societal implications.

Johnson, Kent R., and T. V. Joe Layng. "Breaking the Structuralist Barrier: Literacy and Numeracy with Fluency." American Psychologist 47, no. 11 (1992): 1475-1490. Demonstrates the application of Skinner's principles to the design of maximally effective academic curricula for children and adults. Accessible reading that does not require a background in statistics.

Pierce, W. David, and Carl D. Cheney. Behavior Analysis and Learning. 3d ed. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates, 2004. An excellent introduction at the college level to basic Skinnerian principles and experimental methods for basic behavioral research.

Skinner, B. F. About Behaviorism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1974. Skinner's analysis of thinking, perceiving, emotions, and the self.

_. Walden Two. 1948. Reprint. New York: Macmillan, 1990. A fictional account of the application of behavioral principles in a utopian community.

Watson, John B. Behaviorism. 1924. Reprint. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction, 1998. Early principles of behaviorism in the words of its founder.

Robert Jensen

See also: Conditioning; Habituation and Sensitization; Learned Helplessness; Learning; Pavlovian Conditioning; Phobias; Radical Behaviorism: B. F.

Skinner; Reflexes; Thought: Study and Measurement.

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