Sources for Further Study

Coles, Robert. ErikH. Erikson: The Growth of His Work. Boston: Little, Brown, 1970. A fine blend of Erikson's biography with his major ideas.

_, ed. The Erik Erikson Reader. New York: W. W. Norton, 2000. A collection of Erikson's most influential and accessible writings.

Erikson, Erik H. Childhood and Society. 1950. Reprint. New York: Norton, 1993. A wide-ranging compilation of Erikson's studies of development, clinical practice, cross-cultural analyses, and psychohistory. His most accessible and popular book.

_. Gandhi's Truth: On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence. 1970. Reprint. New York: Norton, 1993. Erikson's application of his developmental theory to the life of Mahatma Gandhi. This book won the Pulitzer Prize.

_. Identity and the Life Cycle. 1959. Reprint. New York: Norton,

1980. Erikson's view of human development, with particular emphasis on ego identity and its formation in adolescence.

_. The Life Cycle Completed. Extended version. New York: W. W.

Norton, 1997. Erikson's final book, examining the life cycle from the viewpoint of the final stage.

Friedman, Lawrence. Identity's Architect: A Biography of Erik H. Erikson. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999. A thorough and balanced biography of Erikson, written by an author who interviewed his subject extensively in the last years of his life.

Hartmann, Heinz. Essays on Ego Psychology. New York: International Universities Press, 1964. A collection of Hartmann's foundational essays on the autonomy of the ego.

Yankelovich, Daniel, and William Barrett. Ego and Instinct. New York: Vintage, 1971. An original contribution to the dialogue of Freudian psychoanalysis and ego psychology on the question of human nature.

Christopher M. Aanstoos

See also: Personality Theory; Psychoanalytic Psychology; Psychoanalytic

Psychology and Personality: Sigmund Freud.

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