Sources for Further Study

Ammerman, Robert T., and Michel Hersen, eds. Assessment of Family Violence: A Clinical and Legal Sourcebook. 2d ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1999. Leading figures in the field of family violence review a decade of research and examine strategies and measures relevant to assessment of the problem. They also comment on treatment planning and legal requirements. Other areas of concern include epidemological models, intervention planning, and standards of practice. Browne, Angela. When Battered Women Kill. New York: Free Press, 1987. A study based on interviews with 250 physically abused women, 42 of whom had killed their batterers, shows how "romantic idealism" drives the early stages of the abusive relationship. Obsessive "love" continues along with the abuser's need to control the woman physically. Coping and survival strategies of the battered women are presented. Buttell, Frederick P. "Moral Development Among Court-Ordered Batterers: Evaluating the Impact of Treatment." Research on Social Work Practice 11, no. 1 (2001): 93-107. Court-ordered participants in a cognitive-behavioral group treatment program for batterers were studied regarding changing their levels of moral reasoning. The control group consisted of thirty-two adult men with an average age of thirty-two years, 84 percent of whom African American, who were ordered into a standard group treatment program. The major finding was that the current treatment program was ineffectual in changing batterers' moral reasoning. Goetting, Ann. Getting Out: Life Stories of Women Who Left Abusive Men. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999. Sixteen women shared their stories with the author, who organized them into seven categories, including women of privileged backgrounds, children, two-timing batterers, family and friends to the rescue, shelter life, positive workings of the system, and the impacts of loss and death. A very readable book. Gondolf, Edward W., and Robert J. White. "Batterer Program Participants Who Repeatedly Reassault: Psychopathic Tendencies and Other Disorders." Journal of Interpersonal Violence 16, no. 4 (2001): 361-380. Psychopathic tendencies were studied in 580 men from four batterers' programs. The men had assaulted their partners many times in spite of arrests for domestic violence and being referred to batterer counseling programs. The major conclusion was that men who had abused their partners many times were no more likely to have a psychopathic disorder than other men.

Jones, Loring, Margaret Hughes, and Ulrike Unterstaller. "Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Victims of Domestic Violence: A Review of the Research." Trauma Violence and Abuse 2, no. 2 (2001): 99-119. An analysis of data from the literature focusing on the interplay between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and being a battered woman. The authors identified three major objectives of the study as well as seven major findings, chief of which is that PTSD symptoms are consistent with the symptoms of battered women.

Krishman, Satya P., Judith C. Hilbert, and Dawn Van Leeuwen. "Domestic Violence and Help-Seeking Behaviors Among Rural Women: Results from a Shelter-Based Study." Family and Community Health 24, no. 1 (2001): 28-38. A study conducted on a sample of predominantly Latino women living in rural communities that focused on their help-seeking behaviors, including those at a rural domestic violence shelter. One major finding was that a high percentage of the Latino subjects had thought about or attempted suicide.

Pellauer, Mary. "Lutheran Theology Facing Sexual and Domestic Violence." Journal of Religion and Abuse 2, no. 2 (2000): 3-48. The author argues that Martin Luther was theologically ambivalent on the issues of wife battering and child abuse and seemed to be confused between the ideas of sexuality and sexual violence. She ends her essay with a review of the themes for a Lutheran response to domestic violence, as well as making several recommendations for action based on further analysis of Luther's writings and teachings.

Smith, Darcy M., and Joseph Donnelly. "Adolescent Dating Violence: A Multi-systemic Approach of Enhancing Awareness in Educators, Parents, and Society." Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community 21, no. 1 (2001): 53-64. Mental health professionals have hesitated to report that adolescents are the fastest growing at-risk segment of the population. One in eight high school students and one in five college students will be involved in abusive relationships. In 1993, six hundred teenage girls were murdered by their boyfriends. Prevention and treatment strategies are also presented.

Walker, Lenore E. The Battered Woman Syndrome. 2d ed. New York: Springer, 1999. A readable volume in which the author reports the results of a research project to identify key psychological and sociological factors that make up the battered woman syndrome. In addition, she tested eight specific theories about battered women and also gathered relevant data about battered women.

Carol A. Heintzelman

See also: Aggression.

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