Sources for Further Study

Baroff, George S., and J. Gregory Olley. Mental Retardation: Nature, Cause, and Management. 3d ed. Philadelphia: Brunner-Routledge, 1999. This textbook presents information on the biological and psychological causes of mental retardation and its management. Beirne-Smith, Mary, James R. Patton, and Richard F. Ittenback. Mental Retardation. 6th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2002. A comprehensive book that deals with historical, biological, psychological and sociological aspects of mental retardation. Burack, Jacob A., Robert M. Hodapp, and Edward Zigler, eds. Handbook of Mental Retardation and Development. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Provides comprehensive information emphasizing the developmental aspects of mental retardation. Durkin, M. S., et al. "Prenatal and Postnatal Risk Factors for Mental Retardation Among Children in Bangladesh." American Journal of Epidemiology 152, no. 11 (2000): 1024-1033. This study examines the roles of different factors in causing mental retardation in rural and urban children. Igumnov, S., and V. Drozdovitch. "The Intellectual Development, Mental, and Behavioural Disorders in Children from Belarus Exposed in Utero Following the Chernobyl Accident." European Psychiatry 15, no. 4 (2000): 244-253. The authors report borderline intellectual functioning and emotional disorders in children exposed in utero to fallout from Chernobyl, along with factors thought to contribute (such as relocation). McKusick, Victor A. Mendelian Inheritance in Man. 12th ed. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1999. A comprehensive catalog of human genes and genetic disorders including mitochondrial genes. Rimoin, David L., J. Michael Connor, and Reed E. Pyeritz. Emery andRimoin's Principles and Practice of Medical Genetics. 3d ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1997. This voluminous book includes several chapters dealing with mental and behavioral disorders.

Donald J. Nash

See also: Developmental Disabilities; Intelligence; Thought: Study and Measurement.

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