Sources for Further Study

Hall, Calvin Springer, Gardner Lindzey, and John Campbell. Theories of Personality. 4th ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1998. A classic textbook describing personality theories. Personality research is mentioned but not discussed in detail. Includes particularly readable, thorough, and accurate descriptions of psychoanalytic theories. Chapter 1 introduces the topic of personality theories and describes many dimensions upon which theories can be contrasted. Hampden-Turner, Charles. Maps of the Mind. New York: Collier Books, 1982. Presents brief descriptions and pictorial representations (termed "maps") of basic psychological and philosophical concepts. The organization and presentation are a bit idiosyncratic; the summaries are very good and the diagrams helpful in synthesizing complex information. Descriptions and maps relevant to the theories of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Erich Fromm, Rollo May, Hans Eysenck, Carl Rogers, Harry Stack Sullivan, and Erik Erikson are particularly relevant to basic issues in personality theory.

Mischel, Walter. Introduction to Personality. 6th ed. Fort Worth, Tex.: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1999. A college-level personality textbook with an emphasis on modern issues and research. Each major orientation to personality—psychodynamic, trait, phenomenological (humanistic), and behavioral—is presented with thorough discussions of measurement and research. The reader may find that this text alone is incomplete in its description of personality theories per se, but it makes an excellent companion reading to Hall, Lindzey, and Campbell's Theories of Personality (above). Mischel's approach to social learning theory is presented. _. Personality and Assessment. 1968. Reprint. Hillsdale, N.J.: Analytic Press, 1996. The text that inspired debate about the utility of traditional personality theories. Readable but detailed; primarily of historical importance.

Pervin, Lawrence A., and Oliver John, eds. Handbook of Personality: Theory and Research. 2d ed. New York: Guilford Press, 2001. A compilation of personality theory and research for the sophisticated reader. Chapters by Walter Mischel ("Personality Dispositions Revisited and Revised: A View After Three Decades"), David Magnusson ("Personality Development from an Interactional Perspective"), and Bernard Weiner ("Attribution in Personality Psychology") may be of particular interest. Storr, Anthony. Churchill's Black Dog, Kafka's Mice, and Other Phenomena of the Human Mind. New York: Grove Press, 1988. This fascinating book demon strates how personality theories can be used to interpret lives. Storr describes the creative process in general and the lives of Winston Churchill, Franz Kafka, and others from his psychological point of view, primarily psychoanalytic in orientation. The perspectives of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Erik Erikson are featured.

Susan E. Beers

See also: Analytical Psychology: Carl Jung; Cognitive Social Learning: Walter Mischel; Humanistic Trait Models: Gordon Allport; Psychoanalytic Psychology; Psychoanalytic Psychology and Personality: Sigmund Freud; Social Learning: Albert Bandura.

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