Butler, Gillian, and Freda McManus. Psychology: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. Provides an understanding of some of psychology's leading ideas and their practical relevance. The authors answer some of the most frequently asked questions about psychology: What is psychology? How do humans use what is in the mind? How does psychology work? How do people influence one another? What can a psychologist do to help? Colman, Andrew M. What Is Psychology? 2d ed. New York: Routledge, 1999. Extensively revised and updated, this introduction to psychology as a discipline assumes no prior knowledge of the subject. Examples are used throughout to illustrate fundamental ideas, with a self-assessment quiz focusing readers on a number of intriguing psychological problems. The book explains the differences between psychology, psychiatry, and psychoanalysis and offers an exploration of the professions and careers associated with psychology. Koch, Sigmund, and David E. Leary, eds. A Century of Psychology as Science. Washington, D.C.: APA Books, 1992. This reissued edition, originally published in 1985, comprehensively accesses the accomplishments, status, and prospects of psychology at the end of its first century as a science, while offering a new postscript. The forty-three contributors are among psychology's foremost authorities. Among the fields addressed are sensory processes and perception, learning, motivation, emotion, cognition, development, personality, and social psychology.
Rieber, Robert W., and Kurt Salzinger, eds. Psychology: Theoretical-Historical Perspectives. 2d ed. Washington, D.C.: APA Books, 1998. The approach to theory and history adapted by the contributors is to focus on some of the central figures in the development of the discipline. Within this approach, the authors offer analyses of three major theoretical currents in psychology: psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and the Geneva school. Other chapters focus on psychophysics (the oldest incarnation of experimental psychology) and on Gestalt, cognitive, and evolutionary psychology. Provides the reader with a broad overview of the development of a continually evolving field.
Simonton, Dean Keith. Great Psychologists and Their Times: Scientific Insights into Psychology's History. Washington, D.C.: APA Books, 2002. Integrates relevant research on the psychology of eminent psychologists, from the pioneering work of Francis Galton to work published in the twenty-first century. Of particular interest are chapters exploring what aspects of the sociocultural context are most conducive to the emergence ofillustrious psychologists and how these sociocultural conditions—including political events, economic disturbances, or cultural values—affect not only the magnitude of achievement but also the nature of that achievement.
Denise S. St. Cyr; updated by Allyson Washburn
See also: Behaviorism; Cognitive Psychology; Development; Industrial and
Organizational Psychology; Neuropsychology; Psychoanalytic Psychology;
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